4VEEK.LY CIRCUIaATION OF THE EXAMINTER., 4= 5Q O COPIESS!
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FRIDAY, MAVIS, '
’ Islt N ATION AL!
A leading Know Nothing journal in New Or
leans reached us the other evening, in which the
editor violently and indignantly repelled the idea
that the American party is or could be anything
but national, and called upon members ot the or
der at the South to stand firm and fear nothing
from the organization at the North. This is en
tirely in keeping with the denunciations with
which the charges, preferred and proven by the
Democratic presses South, that Know Nothing
ism North is but another name for anti-slavery
fanaticism, have been met by the Know Nothing
press. Every where these American organs have
wriggled and twisted—doubtless to their own sat
isfaction, but with less success with the people—
out of the elections of Seward, Wilson and others
of like stamp, and sought to convince Southern
men that these wery not indices of the American
party. Indeed some of them have stoutly averred
even in face of the proofs, that their organization
is entirely free from any sectional feeling, and that
they are united upon the great principle that
“Americans shall rule America.” and that no side
issues shall be made in toe contest. But it seems
that Sam has not drilled his editorial corps prop
erly, and they don’t pull together well. Some of
the leaders uro trying to get in the Temperance
issue, and the Temperance candidate. Others
kick at this, and stick to “first principles," deny
ing that even “one idea" more can lie added to
the load they draw. The Chronicle J- Sentinel,
which has been a sort of off-jpader in the Georgia
team, and has heretofore strained his traces con
siderably in pulling the lumbering wagon over
the heavy road, now comes to a dead halt, and
lets fly its heels nt a rattling rate, against the load.
It says it is useless to talk of transporting the whole
load over uncongenial Georgia soil—we mu«t
thr >w oil'some, or we’ll bog down ; and proposre
t > Jump out the national feature, and the North
ern reight which he thinks will lighten the load.
What’s to be done now ? The argument of the
Chronicle is convincing. The team will never be
able to tedder in the executive stables if they hold
on to the Northern goods; and yet they can’t
well dispose of the unlessthey bring in an emp
ty wagon, for they are all of Northern manufac
ture. Here, then, is decidedly a go. Thexvhole
train is stopped—the drivers can’t agree, and the
Chronicle is snappish about the extra weight.—
Will they cut his traces! No, that won’t dr, they
can’t get along well without him over these roads
—he knows all about them. And yet they cannot
throw off any thing.
Bo the matter stands. But how is it that the
Chronicle has tugged away so long at this same
load, and just now finds that it is impossible to
4 carry it. Its notes, heretofore Have been encour.
aging, rather than complaining, but now its tone
is materially changed, and it obstinately refuses
|o echo the cry of nationality. Has its editor suf
ficiently opened his eyes >o the real state of feel-
THE ATLANTA WEEKLY EXAMIWT
ing existing in Goorgia, to perceive that Northern
Know Nothingism don’t go down, and that it is
necessary to secede from the national organiza
tion, if they expect success. It worked well
enough in municipal elections, where men were
opposed ; but when an issue of principle is made
before the people, they find it necessary to throw
off some of their roost obnoxious weights. The
Chronicle could fight, without any compunctions
visitings, under a national banner, stained and
blackened though it was, by abolition and free
soil hands, in its city election ; but now it sudden
ly discoveries the spots, and desires to hoist a sec
tional ensign ! If any reliance could be placed
*n the honesty of this new-born distrust of its
Northern brethren, we could commend its appa
rent independence; but we strongly suspect its
stubborn halt is made more in view of the diffi
culties of the road, than distrust of the load.
What more proof of the rottenness of the or
ganization than tins admission of the Chornicle,
that the party North is under the control of abo
lition influences is needed ? The recent con
vention at Macon, too, found it necessary to put
in a Southern resolution. And why so! Why
was it not done before ! The solution is easy. —
The people of Georgia are, not blind to the fruits
of this new order, and are beginning to ask, what
good has it done the South 1 They see the next
Congress gradually being filled by the order, with
abolitionists, and as yet, Know Nothingism has
done nothing for us. And it is in view of these
enquiries that they begin now to repudiate their
Northern brethren. Had they felt certain of suc
cess, the organization would continue national,
but fearing defeat it suddenly becomes Southern.
Vive la. humbug.'
FIRE A T'tH eTsTO NE MOI INTA IN.
It is with regret, we learn, that the fine hotel
at the Stone Mountain was destroyed by fire on
Thursday night last, with most of its furniture.—
The loss, we learn, will fall principally upon the
Georgia Rail Road and Messrs. Clarke & Hitch
cock, the gentlemen who, for some time past, have
had its management. We have not heard the
cause of ths disaster—whether it was designed or
accidental, but hope thut the damage will soon be
repaired, as the Mountain is one of the most pop
ular Summer resorts, for our citizens, in the State
We were pleased, on Thursday lust, to see
Governor Johnson in our city, in fine health and
spirits. He left in yesterday morning’s train for
Cartersville, and will, we learn, proceed up the
State road, as far as Dalton, and from thence, in
a lew days, return to the Capitol.
The several teachers of high and preparatory
schools in the city, will oblige us by sending in
lists of the number of their pupils, male and fe
male, and any other educational matters of in.
terestthey may have to communicate, by Thurs
day of next week.
[For the Examineri\
f ILL ALL THE OFFICES WITH DEMOCRATS.
.Mr. lililor :— I mn one of that clhh.i of Jeinu
crats who believe it right, when the democracy
have the majority, tor them to fill all the offices
with men of their own political faith. Some say
that politics should not enter into country elec
tions, or Judicial elections, or any other except
elections for President, Governor ami Congress
men. This is certainly a great error. If democrats
expect to bo able to cany these general elections,
while their opponents fill all the county offices,
they labor under a great mistake. Take a dem
ocratic county, and let nil the county officers be
whigs, and if they be efficient men, they will soon
change the politics of the county, and the democ
racy will be defeated in their general elections.—
Hence the importai O' of having all county offices
reliable, efficient, working democrats. *lf the de
mocracy would always look well to this in their
county elections, they would scarcely ever bo de
feated in their more important elections. Some
democrats have also fallen into an error on the
subject of judicial elections. Since the election of
Judges is given to the people the whigs in strong
democratic districts are very active in attempting
to convince the democracy that politics should
have nothing to do with these elections. Why
not! They say that the office is too sacred to be
associated with polities in anv way. Is it more
sacred than the office of President, Governor, or
Congressman ! -if a democrat, who is honest and
capable, may be permitted by the whigs (when
they cannot prevent it) to hold either of these of
fices, why may he not hold a judicial office ! Is
it too sacred for a democrat to fill, when a large
ma jority of his fellow-citizens are democrats ! To
acknowledge this, is to admit thut democrats are
less capable, less upright, and less honest, than
whigs. Are democrats prepared to make the ad
mission ! If not. let them in districts, where they
have the power, bring out candidates of known
ability, and of acknowledged integrity, honesty,
and purity of purpose, who will not only adorn
the position, but will reflect honor on those who
have honored them with their confidence; and
let them rally around and elect them! We have •
such men in our ranks in each district. They !
have labored long and hard for the promotion of
democratic principles, because they believed them
to be the true principles of the Government.—
When there is a judicial officer to elect, shall the
democracy lay them aside and support whigs who
have been all their lives at war with the princi
ples of the democratic party ! By .-o doing, you
say to a democrat, when there is work to do, and
sacrifices to be made, we need your services; but
when there is a judicial office to fill, you say to
him stand back, and let a whig who has always
labored for the .defeat of our principles have the
place; because the whigs say it is too sacred for
a democrat to fill. Will the democracy thus act?
Or will thcv rise up in their might at the ballot
box, and claim, ami maintain all the rights which
belong to them when they have the majority !
The elections this coming fail in some of the cir
cuits will decide this question, I do not wish to
be understood as advocating the erection of in
competent democrats over competent whigs; but
I maintain that the democracy have num who are
as purr l , as honest, as capable, and, in every re
spect, as well qualified lor the office as the whigs
and that it is their duty to rally around such men.
and elect them by triumphant majorities.
'Sit* A Florida paper says the corn in that |
State is in tasslc, and notices u bunch c»f lettuce
measuring six feet in circumference.
S®„The cholera is malignant in the
western part of the territory aud Kansas
Among the list of prizes awarded
| at the recent Fair of the South Carolina
! Institute, we are pleased to note a silver'
; medal for very superior sole leather.and a
diploma for brogans, both from the tannery
of Col. Glover, of this city, -i-Marietta
Branch Bank at Washington.—Dr.
i J. J. Robertson was elected Cashier of the
i} Branch of the Bank of the State of Geor
■ gi» in this place, at the meeting of the
■ I Directors in Savannah Tuesday last
“ ERROR CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT."— Jefferson
ATLANTA. GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 18. 1855.
The London Postal System.—The
Baltimore American of Thursday last says:
That the London postal system embrace
a principal office and not less than live
hundred branch offices within the area
covered by the city. Carriers with light
spring carts call at the receiving offices al
most hourly, and deliveries are thus made
easy at intcrvala of’ two hours at most, in
every part of a city. Frequent deliveries
are the life of the system, and thg vast ac
comodation it affords for messages requir
ing prompt answers, secures a use of the
post office to an extent which has no par
allel in our slow old fashined method
The statistics of the British postal depart
ment show that the people of all England
write five times as many letters as our peo
ple, and in the cities and towns the cor
respondence is said to be from twenty to
fifty times greater than with us, yet it is
familiar to every one that the proportion of
the English people who know how to
write is much less than of the American
The letters mailed in London alone are
close upon one hundred millions a year,
as many as in all the offices of the United
Stttes. The proportion of letters annnally
to inhabitans in that metropolis, is forts to
one; while in this country it is fourteen
to one. The revenue of the British office
from “drop letters,’’ so called, that is let
ters mailed and delivered in the same town
or locality—is, upwards of §2,000,000;
while the revene from the same descrip
tion of letters in the whole United States
is less than §IO,OOO, and this enormous
difference arises wholly from the fact in an
English town a drop letter may uniformly
be answered in from two to four hours—
never more than four—while in our cities
one is lucky it an answer is obtained in
The Martha Washington Conspira.
tors. —On Friday afternoon three of the
Cincinnati! police arrived in New York,
having in custody Lorenzo Chapin and
Benj. Erie, who, withßenj. W. Kimball
and others arrestedj stand indicted for
fraudently obtaining §4,500 from the At
lantic Mutual Insurance Company, being
the amount of insurance upon goods which
they claimed to have had on board the
steamboat Martha Washinton, which was
burned some years ago on the Mississppi
fey-In the memoirs of Sir Robert}
Strange, just published, it is mentioned |
that in the pursuit after Culloden, that I
knight had some narrow escapes. One
of them is amusing: ‘-When hotly press
ed he dashed into a room, where the lady
whose zeal had enlisted him in the fatal
cause sat singing at her needdlework, and ;
failing of other means of concealment, was '
indebted for safety to he prompt interven- }
tion. As she quickly raised her hooped I
grown, the affianced lover disappeared be-!
neath its ample contour, where, thanks to ;
her cool demeanor, and unfaltering notes I
he lay undetected, while the rude and I
baffled soldiery vainly ransacked the house. I
To this lady, Miss Isabella Lumisden, he i
was soon afterwards united, and her let-|
ters, containing much shrewd sense, con- i
veyed in the homely style of her day make }
up great part of the Memoirs.
Desperate.—The Kingston (Canada) I
News of Tuesday learns that in conse- ■
quence of the price flour having been rais
to thirteen dollars per bbl., and other I
breadstuff's in proportion, the people at |
Smith’s Falls have broken open the stores '
and helped themselves, ad libitum. A
great deal of suffering is said to prevail in
the townships, which were devastated by
fire last August, many of the settlers being
destitute of food and the means of procur
ing the seed for the spring crop.
coucterfeTt bank bill.
The Fayetteville Observer of the 2d I
inst.,says:—“The Teller of the Bank of|
Fayettville showed to us a few days ago, I
a counterfeit §2O note pn the Bank of
Charlotte, which is well calculated to de- j
ceive. The following description may put
our readers on their guard. Letter A. No
513, dated Bth Oct., 185.3: signatures well
executed, but upon comparing them with
a genuine note, a very slight difference
may be seen. The No., date names of.
Cashier and President, all seem to be in
the same handwriting and with the same
ink, which is not the case with the gen-}
nine The vignette of the note is little :
blurred. The legs of the Horse getting J
shod can hardly be seen, while on the :
genuine they are plain. The faces in each j
corner of the note are not well done The!
general appearance of the note is lighter I
than the genuine
“A man by the name of J. H. Skill-1
man, said to be a mule driver from Ken- ■
tucky, attempted to pass one of the above!
named bills at the Bank of Fayetteville on i
Friday last and was told there that it was
not a good note, and yet he afterwards!
passed it off in this place. He had left'
town before the imposition was discover- ■
ed. ” i
St S'* The Paris Academy of Sciences
has been experimenting on the new metali
recently announced as being contained in
abundance in common potters’ clay. A
report has just been presented to that bo
dy by M. Delville, which says it can be I
manufactured cheaply from that article, i
and is apparently destined at no distant|
day to supplant copper, iron, brassand tin
in many, if not all manufactures. The
qualities of this metal, producible from so ■
eheap and accessible a raw material, are
stated to be the lightness of glass, the!
whiteness and brilliancy of silver, mallea
bility and ductility nearly equal to those of
the precious metals, the tenacity of iron,
and the fusibility of copper; so that it
may be rolled, drawn, hammered, and filed
into every variety of form.
fey* The flags of the Adams Express
Company, and Wells, Fargo & Co., were
raised at half-mast yesterday, in respect to
the memory of an excellent clerk of the
former establishment, Mr. John 11. Abbott
who died the evening previous, of enlarge
ment of the heart.
11 AN i)S() M E COMP LI M E NT.
Our friends of Savannah have a happy faculty
for maiiHging matters handsomely. Monday eve
ning Inst, Mr. Crisp’s popular company nave a
benefit to Mr. Oates, their treasurer, and the nu
merous friends of Mr. Morton, improved the oc
casion by presenting the latter gentleman, through
Mr. Crisp, with a beautiful sword, with appro
priate inscriptions, as a testimonial of their ap
preciation of his many estimable qualities as a
gentleman, and his high order of dramatic talent.
This compliment, coming as it docs from an audi
ence which discriminates between hifaluten rant,
and simon-pure acting, is gratifying to the At
lanta public who are proud to see their favorite,
winning laurels from such impartial judges. Mr.
M’s., first appearance in Georgia was upon At
lanta boards,and the impression he made here
was most favorable.
town of Blackville, Monongalia
county, Va., has been visited by a destructive fire.
It appears th.»t thirty-live houses were consumed,
involving a loss of about $30,000.
New Yorky May 6. The Circuit Court .ester
day fixed to-morrow for the hearing of the in
junction case brought by Miss Bunkley for the
suppression of certain manuscripts intended for
publication by a party who represents them to be
a narrative of her experience in a Roman Catho
.... The Buffalo Express says large numbers
of emigrants are passing through the city daily
bound lor the West. The rush was never so
great as now.
More "Troops from AnuricaS— An exchange
says: “Recruiting for the foreign legion of the
British service is going on vigorously in Boston,
under the direction of the Provincial Secretary of
.... The Turkish Government has decided
that lor the future Christians are to be allowed to
hold rank in the Turkish army up to that of colo
nel, which will give them the position of a state
functionary of the second class.
Queer Prayer.— The Rev. Dr. Cox, it is said,
interlarded one bf his prayers with an unusual
sentence. When speaking of the goadness and
kindness of God, he characterized him as the sine
qua non of all our expectations, and the ultima
thule of all our hopes.’’
Petersburg, May 'l.— The election of Munici
pal officers took place here to-day. W. W. Towns,
the Democratic candidate for Mayor, is elected
by 152 majority’.
The West Ward has rctuinedall Democratic
The Council stands, 15 Democrats and 9
I .... The State Know Nothing Convention of
! Illinois, adjourned on Friday evening, after a
■ stormy session. It is stated that this disruption
i took place on the slavery question.
I .... A hog, sai<l to weigh thirteen hundred
i and thirteen pounds, was taken through Toledo .
i on Friday last on his way for exhibition in New ;
York. This monstrous animal is described as j
' three years old, three feet eight inches high, and •
[ nine feet long. It was raised near Monroe, Mich
Prohibition in Boston. — Mayor Smith has is- |
sued a proclamation that the new liquor law shall!
be fearlessly enforced, and urging those engaged '
iin the traffic to abandon it. as after the 20th of
' May, no violation of a single section of the law >
i will be allowed. Sunday, the law was generally |
I oliserved, and the city was unusually quiet.
' ... Twenty-one fires, whe*e the loss in each ■
• instance exceeded SIO,OOO, are reported to have
j occurred in the United States during the last
i month. The total loss of property during that |
I time, including that occasioned by the late fire in
' Boston, is set down at $ J ,200,000*.
' Found Guilty.— Dr. G. Fields has been con-:
I victed in Columbus county, N. C., of manslaugh-
• ter, for killing F. M. Stephens, and sentenced to ;
;be branded and imprisoned six months. He is ,
i <>nly 19 to 20 years of age.
.... Mr. Hiss, the modern Joseph, has with”
' drawn his resignation of his seat in the Massachu* '
I setts Legislature until the charges against him !
i are investigated.
... We learn, says the Mountain Target, that
j a few days ago there was passed out of the “Wild
’ Cat Mine,” in Floyd county, Va., a lump of cop
per ore weighing about two thousand pounds, and
containing about fifty per cent, of copper.
.... King Richard the Third and Richmond,
on the stage of a theatre in St. Louis, lately got
into a real fight. The curtain descended. The ;
manager and the two actors came forward and
made speeches. Great excitement, but no bones
Washington, May 6.—Secretary Dobbin is still!
'at Fayetteville, N. C., and is slowly recov-j
I ering from his recent sickness. He is expected
| here the last of the present month.
The Case of Booth, of Milwaukie.— ln the
i case of the United States vs. Booth, of Wisconsin. •
for a violation of the Fugitive Slave Law, a writ
of error was obtained, returnable to the Supreme
Court of the United States, for the purpose ofde
termining the question of the limit of the juris
diction between the courts of the States and those
of the United States. •
Washington, May 6.—The redemption of the
public debt last week amounted to $11,700.
The number of land warrant applications for !
the week amounted to 13,600 making the total
number of applications 120.500.
. The Vanderbilt Correspondence—No Hoax.— i
The Newark Advertiser says the note of Mr. La-
: fetra, stating that he understood the letter from .
i several members of the New Jersey Legislature
: to Com. Vanderbilt a hoax, has produced consid-*
j erable sensation among the other signers, who!
earnestly disavow any such intent. They allege .
| that it was done in good faith and will probably !
I soon make a pubi c statement to that effect.
The Paris Ezhibition.— The Crystal Paleceat j
’ Paris, with the last addition resol ed upon, and
1 for which, it is stated, ground has already been •
; broken, will present a surface of 89,000* square ‘
: yards—3,ooo more thou were contained in the :
Hyde Park Palace. Although the official open- i
’ iog was to take place on the Ist of May, it is
thought it will be the middle of June before it is
j complete in all its parts. A Paris letter says:
The opinion is general among Americans that
their oau display will not be very creditable. 7'hc
j sixty American commissioners have had a mcct-
■ ing. and have threatened to resign, and to make
other demonstrations, unless their wives are gen
erally admitted to oil the ceremonies of inuugu-
Marriage Partions.— ll was one of the laws of!
I Lycurgus, that no portion should be given with ;
! young women in marriage. When this great
lawgiver was called upon to justify this enact- 1
ment. observed: “That in the choice of a wife,
merit only should be considered, and that the law
was made to prevent young women being chosen
• for their riches, or neglected for their povertv.
C.T'Thr Know Nothing candidate for Mayor
’ of Troy gave a new rendition of the Declaration
of Independence, xiz: ‘Life, Liberty, and the Pur
suit of Iris’.nnen!’
Cholera, at J< tfersnn Barrack.— The St.
Louis Republican of Wednesday last says:
we have known fur some time that cholera
i existed among the new recruits at Jeff, r
H son Barracks, but it did not strike usas
• so alarming a character as to require sp. ; -
‘ al notice. The disease now yields readily
: to prompt treatment, and of the total num
ber of persons attacked—about seventy —
j only fourteen cases terminated fataly ’
NEW S ITEMS
.... It m rumored in Washington that the
President wit! appoint Judge E. G. Loring, of
Boston, to the vacancy in the Court of Claims,
occasioned by Judge Lumpkin’s declining the ap-;
.... “A young lady of great personal attrac- '
tions and accomplishments,” advertises in the I
New Orleans Picayune for a busband whose es
sential qualification—“good family, handsome |
features and prepossessing appearance” being j
thrown in—shall be the ability and inclination to
take her to the Paris Exhibition the coming sum
mer. The address is F. R. T., St. Charles Hotel,
.... In the Pennsylvania State Senate, on Fri
day. the bill for the sale of the Main Line was
passed finally. It fixes the price at $8,000,000,
to any other purchaser than the Pennsylvania
Rail Road Company, which must pay $9,000,-
000 for it.
.... The Massachusetts House of Representa
tives voted on Thursday, 186 to 110, to abolish
the death penalty.
More Paupers.— The collector of New York
has been informed that a large number of pau
pers sailed from Antwerp the 15th April, for New
.... Thii Remains of the Hon. Walter T. Col
quitt were taken to Columbus, the place of his
residence, and interred there Tuesday afternoon
.... Giberalter papers ot the Bth April, state
that the St. Louis, Capt. Ingraham, is weather
bound at that place.
Large Hauls of Shad.— There were nine thou
sand Shad taken at one haul at Hoke’s shore,
Havre de Grace, on Tuesday last; and at Van
divers shore, eight thousand were caught.
Great Powers of Endurance. — Widow Sarah
Merrill wandered from her home in Woodstock.
New Hampshire, and was three days and two
nights in the woods, without f. od, the snow be
ing three or four feet deep. When found she
was in a sheltered spot, but had lost one shoe and
stocking; yet she was able to walk h f me with
her friend. Her bodily health is good.
Singular Accident in Cincinnati.— The Cin
cinnati Gazette of Tuesday states that while sev
eral workmen were engaged in rolling a salaman
der safe weighing upwards of three thousand, in
to a banking house of that city, the flagstones of
the pavement gave way or broke, precipitating
the safe aud men into the vault under the side
walk. Two of the men were killed on the spot,
and others badly injured.
.... Fdr the month of April last, 4U5 vessels
arrived at Boston from foreign ports, of which
about 150 were schooners, mostly from the Brit
LATER FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE
Halifax, May 1.
The steamer Asia arrived here this evening, at
10 o’clock, with Liverpool dates to April 28th, one
week later than last advices.
; —• Liverpool, April 27.
From Prawn <T Shipley's Circular: —Cotton
—The sales of the week foot up 102,000 bales,
including 31,000 hales to speculators and 10,000
bales for export. The market has been very ac
tive, and prices have slightly advanced, say 1-16
- ®}d; Fair and Middling qualities have improved
■ most. Orleans Fair 6d; Middling 5 5-lGd; Ip
land Fairsjd; Middling 5 3-16 d.
Ilrcadstuffs. — Brown & Shipley quote Bread
! stuffs as having considerably advanced, with a
large speculative demand and the market buoy
ant. Wheat has advanced 6d®Bd. Flour has
; advanced Is. 6d®2s., and (lorn has advanced 3s.
The quotations are as follows: Western Canal
Flour 38s®42s, 6d., Ohio 435®455.; white Corn
455.6d®46; mixed Corn 465. 6d.; yellow 465.
6d®47.; the market closed steady.
From Richardson, Spence & Co’s Circular: —
Provisions. The market is generally unchanged
except Bacon, which has advanced Is. with an
■ active speculative demand. Lard has advanced
2s. with sales din ing the week at 565,®505.
Stocks and Money.—American stocks are
steady and prices unchanged.
Produce. Sugar has advanced 2s. 6d., with a
firm market. Coffee is steady and prices un
l changed. Lard has advanced to 50s. Iron is
I steady and unchanged.
Freights.—The rates are steady and un
zl Long War in Prospect.— The Vienna Con
ference having totally failed in leading to any
thing on which might be based prospects of peace,
appearances at present indicate only a protracted
war in the prospect. Hence some decisive suc
cess in the Crimea was anxiously hoped for, but
up to the latest dates from that quarter nothing
decisive had occurred. The bombardment, how
ever, w as still continued by the allies.
Halifax, May 7.
The Asia arrived at 10 o’clock, and bring dates
to the cveningof Saturday, the 28th ult.
The dates from the Crimea arc to the 19th ult.
from Lord Raglan, and to the 22d from the Rus
! sians, via St. Petersburg.
The bombardment was still continued, with-
■ out any decisive result, but with great loss on
. both sides.
The French Exhibition opening has been post
poned from the 10th to the 15th of May.
Since the breaking up of the Vienna Confer
ence there has been several supplementary tneel
i ings of the lour parties without any definite re
sult. The Plenipotentiaries assembled on the
I 23d, and signed the protocol of the last confer
i ence. Subsequently another meeting of the four
I powers was held at the request of Prince Gorts
; chakotii when further inadmissable propositions
; were made by Russian Plenipotentiaries and re-
■ jected by France. England and Turkey.
DtsCiPT.tNE.—A Methodist minister, of
Washington city, on Sunday last, while
i reading the discipline to the congregation,
> paused to suggest that if any of the con
• gregation will continue to wear jewelry,
the number of rings on the finger be not
more than five, nor the breastpin larger
} than a good sized turnip.
! fert The Salt Lake Mails says that the
I Sioux Indians are very troublesome. They
: threatened to attack the settlements. The
settlers are leaving the outspots.
The Work goes Bravely ox. —From
all parts of the country the glorious tri- ;
: umpbs of Democracy come crowding upon
us. The miserable faction of Buntlinism i
•is on its last legs. In places where one
ycai ago the k. n.'s carried everything be
fore them they hare this year been entire
ly routed. Buntlinism will be kicked out
of the Old Dominion, and sent howling [
like a whipped cur, back to its native:
\orth. Buntlinism has shown its cloven
foot too often, its doom is sealed, and it
will soon pass away. Its namg will become
a buy-word, and future generations will ;
; wonder what manner of men the k. n’s
j were.— Lou., Tima.
In China the inhabitants of the provin }
ces turn their cats to a most useful purpose I
if we may believe the following story
which is related by’ M. Hue, in his travels
“One day, when we went to pdy a visit
to some families of Chinese Christian pes
santa. we met, near a farm, a young lad,
who wis taking a buffalo, to graze, along
our path. We asked him, carelessly, as ;
we passed, whether it wits yet noon The!!
child raised his head to look at the sun,
but it was hidden behind thick clouds. }
and and he could read no answer there.—!
“The sky is so cloudy,” said he, “but wait |
a moment;” and with these words ran to]
wards the farm, and came back a few min-;
utes afterwards with a cat in his arms. — !
“Look hero,” said he, ‘it is not noon yet;’}
and he showed us the cats eyes, by’ push-}
ing up the lids with his hands. We look-!
ed at the child with suprise, but he was I
evidently in earnest; and the eat, though
astonished, and not much pleased with’the !
experiment made upon her eyes, behaved ■
with the most exemplary complaisance.—
“Very well,’’ said we, thank you. and he !
then let go the cat. who made her escape
pretty well, and continued our route. To
say the truth we had not at all understood i
the proceeding; but we did not wish to
question the little pagan, lest he should
that we were Europeans by birth
As soon as ever we readied thefarm, how-
: ever, we made haste to ask our Christians j
| whether they could tell the clock by look
ing into a cat’s eyes. They seemed sur-}
prised at the questions; but us there was
no danger in confessing to them our ignor
ance of the properties of the eats eyes, re-
I lated what had just taken place. That
was all that was necessary; our eomplais
i ant neopthetes immediately gave chase to
: all the cats in the neighborhood Thcv
; brought us three or four, and explained in ;
I what manner they might be made use of !
I for watches. They pointed out that the,
1 pupils of their eyes went on constantly
' growing narrower until 12 o’clock, when i
they became a fine Hue, as thin as a hair. :
drawn perpendicularly across the eye, and
. that after 12, the dilation recommenced.”
; When he had attentively examined the
i eyes of all the cats at our disposal, we con-!
■ eluded that it was past noon, as ail the
} eyes perfectly agreed upon the point. We }
} have had some hesitation in speaking of I
!of this Chinese discovery,ns it may, doubt-1
i less, tend to injure the clock making trade
and interfere with the sale of watches ; but |
all considerations must give way to the ;
j spirst ot progress. All important discov
' cries tend in the fit st instance to injure
i private interests, and, we hope, neverthe-}
j less, that watches will continueto be made ’
; because among the number of persos who
( may wish to know the hour there will most!
' likely, be some whowiil not give thethem
‘ selves the trouble to run after the eat. or
who may fear some danger to their own
eyes from a too close examination of
THE ANGLO-FRENCH ALLIANCE ANO SLAVERY-
It will be recollected that more than a
! year since Lord Clarendon. English Minis
' ter for Foreign Affairs, took occasion tosay
i in the House ofPoers. that “the union bc
i tween the two governments [France and
j England] is not confined to the Eastern
| question, but extends to all parts of the!
i world; and that there is no part of the :
! world, on either hemisphere, with regard
to which we are not entirely in accord.”
} General Cass took an early opportunity
' to eall the attention of the American Sen- j
i ate to this declaration. He argued from ■
;it that the alliance between France and
’ England not only contemplated interfer- ■
i ence with Russia on our hemisphere, but
was aimed equally at thwarting the exp-.ui
i sion of the United States on the other.— i
The South was aroused, and immediately j
I commenced that reaction in the sentiments
; of our people which resulted in the trans
, fer of their sympathies from the Allies to '
the Czar. Her fears were not quieted un
til it was proclaimed through the press
i that Lord Clarendon had disavowed thei
construction which Gen Cass placed upon !
* What we desire now to do is to lay be-1
fore our readers, without note or comment!
a few of the remarks of Louis Napoleon in
response to the speech of tne Lord Mayor
, “Indeed, England and France are nat
-1 urally united on all the great questions of
politics and of human progress that agi
i tates the world. From the shores of the
i Atlantic to those of the .Mediterranean—
front the Baltic to the Black Sea— -frnm '
\ the desire to obohsh Sl'ir' ry to ocr hopes
tor the amelioration of cfl the countries ot'
! Europe— l see in the moral, as in the po-
■ litical world, for our two nations but one
I course and one end.”
This language can hardly be mistaken.
The union between England and France,
i contemplates results in both America and
Europe:—The abolition of slavery in the,
former, the “umelioiation” of all the coun-;
tries of the latter!— Sav Courier.
Nashvilll and Chai tanooga Rail
road. —The Union and American learns
by inquiry at the office of the Nashville
and Chattannooga Railroad, that the busi
j ncssof the road exhibits a most gratifying
increase over that of the same time last
1 year, for the four months ending March
31 this year, the gross receipts were
■ §32,000 per month. For the correspond
ing months last year, about §22,000 per
' month. The average increase per month
1 is $9677, and the gross increase for the
i four months is 838,708. And while the
! receipts have thus increased, the expen
ses of the road have decreased for the four
§I,OOO, or at the rateof §2,500 per month
This isa most encouraging exhibit. With
a good crop, the business will show a still
heavier increase next year.
Immense Lump of Copper.—ltis sta
ted that a lump of copper ore, weighing
about two thousand pounds, and containing
probably fifty per cent of copper, was taken
} from the Wild Cat mines, in Carrol county
! Va., a few days ago.
Folly seems to have become epidemic in
the Massachusetts Legislature'. Know
nothingism is no longer a name but a fact.
It denote s the exclusion of all knowledge
or sense, or of decency. The doing of the
representative folly, are the subject of
popular mockery and derison. The papers
quote and hold up to laughter the Star-
Spangled-Banner rhetoric of the priests of
the Order. The following extract is from
a report of Mr. Evans, on a school subject.
Mr. Evans, it will be recollect' d, was
chairman of the peeping and smelling
committee in which Hiss acted. Read
“In this town (Salisbury) there are
seven school districts, and each district is
provided with one building, with two ex
ceptions. To these buildings your com
mittee propose to ask the following ques
tions, aud to call upon the histories of
of these venerated spots for the answers :
Do our school-houses contain the ele
ments of beauty, neatness, and conveni
The Grammar school bouse, in district
No. 2, is one of those venerable old hou
ses which have come down from former
generations. The hyperborean winds
pierce its nothern hemisphere, and the
tropical ii.- southern, while at its equator
stands its opaque heating apparatus, crack
ed from the two sudden expansion of its
inner surface, and, “presto,” too sudden
contraction oi' its outer, with now and
then the falling of a boyish iceberg upon
its top 1
The wall is black and furrowed with
age The pureb of this once noble build
ing, and the outer ami inner gates varie
gated and much worn from the rampaut
steps add thriving “recklism” of its for-}
mer and present pupils. Over the inner
door are the marks of punctuation with '
the index reading to the pupil that life!
is filled up with stops and marks. Near'
the old schoolhouse is its satelitc. the pri
mary shool-house, performing its stated
rounds through of later creation but, not
fit. for the business to which it is devoted.
Pleasantly embosomed in a beautiful grove
of black elder and blackberry bushes, with
here and there a tuft of maple and one
lone solitary elm, the favorite haunt of
the earliest warblers of spring, stands this
villa of learning. (111) — Albany Atlas
The following instance of generous fi
delity is related by a Buffalo journal :
“Our readers generally know that last
week was consumed the railroad bridge at
Painesville, Ohio, which, as n viuduet
across tlfe deep valley at that point, pas
ses the immense travel and traffic of the
south shore line ofroads. The bridge was i
at points eighty feet high—at its eastern
abutment it was forty feet high. While
the vast crowd eollec.ted at the depot were
discussing and bewailing the calamity a
man engaged in travelling the road, nam
ed John Casement, hurriedly demanded a
lantern. One was found and lighted, and
snatched by Casement, who ran down the
bank into the valley and disappeared. He
ran nearly a mile to the short curve be
yond the eastern end of the ruined bridge.
There he took his stand, and emptying
his pockets of letter, newspaper scraps, i
and other paper, he lighted them and}
waved them in the air. Caseinent knew
that two freight trains were coming from
the East. Soon their lanterns blazed on
the track. He signalled them again with
burning paper. The engineers did not
respond with their whistles.- The man's
paper was exhausted. With ready wit
ho drew a linen hankerchief from bis
pocket, aud set it ablaze and waved. The
eugineer saw the warning and heeded it'
just in time to save their heavy train from i
plunging off'the forty feet abutment into!
ruin. Not to speak of the human life}
saved by this act of generous fidelity to a
corporation, with which he was connected
only ns a gravel conductor, Casement res
cued from instant destruction over §50,000
worth of property.’’
What is a Levee ? This Word is
greatly misused among us. Cnlcss the
President of the United States gets out
of bed in the evening.it is imp. opertoi
speak of his evening parties as levees.—
The word is derived from the Court of
France, at which it was the duty of cer-!
tain noblemen to attend the king at his |
getting up and hand him his clothes, one !
presenting his seekings, another his shirt,,
etc. The name levee was given to these
assemblages from the verb lever, to get up. '
in the evening they attended to assist him I
to undress. These gatherings werecalled i
couchees from voucher to go to bed.—2>'i
IMPORTANT NEWS S'JPRESSED.
The Paris correspondent of the London
News, writing at the latest moment before
the Atlantic sailed says:
It is certain that some news must have
been received from Sebastopol which the
government thinks it expedient to keep}
back Bankers and others who habitaul-l
ly receive the latest intelligence, are ut
terly without information to day and feel
certain that private telegraphic despatches
must have been suppressed. The remark
as obvious that General Canrobert’s des
patch, occupying but four lines of the
Moniteur, is extremely jejune and unsat
isfactory, considering that it professes to
give the only results known of five days
continuous bombardment. lam enabled
to state that the Moniteur was again re
modelled last night after it had been set
tled for the press. Nobody at all con
versant with the way in which these
things are managed supposes that the pub
lished despatch attributed to General Can
robert is a textual espy of one sent him.—
lam told that he adds an expression of
his opinion that he will “not be able to'
hold the positions taken.” On the other
hand, there is a rumor that some very
good news has arrived, and that it is not
published, in order that the Emperor
may announce them for the first time to
the Boulogne camp. I wish I could be
Why Cities Grow WES'rWARDLr.—
The Academy of Sciences in Paris have
been investigating the causes which al
most invariably make the west end of a
city grow more, and become more fashion
able than the east. “It arises from the
atmospheric pressure,’’ answers the Acad
emy of Science. The wind which causes
the greatest ascension of the bnrometic
column is that of the east, and that which
lowers it most is the west. When the lat
ter blows, it has the convenience of car
rying with it to the eastern parts of a
town all the deleterious gases which it
meets in its passage aver the western parts
and the inhabitants of the eastern part of
a town have to support not only their own
smoke and miasma, but those of the west
ern part of the town, brought to them by
the westwinds. When, on the contrary,
the east wind blows, it purifies the air by
causing to ascends the pernicious emana
tions which it cannot drive to the west.—
The deduction from this law is that the
western part of a city is the best place of
residence for persons of delicate health,
and that all estnlishments from which
emanate prenieious vapors and gases should
be placed to the east. There seems to be
good philosophy in these conclusions.—
K2T Perhaps there are no race of chil
dren in the world so beautiful as those of
the Spanish race. There is a smoothness
of skin, a richness in color, and a noble
“hidalgo” expression in their round blue
eyes that is rare in other countries.—
Spanish women retain this expression to a
good age. The men lose it earlier, be
cause. ns I believe, they are often r of cor
rupted morals and habits; andlhese long
exercised certainly stamp their lines upon
the lace. Those which are mean, and
low vicious, produce a similar character
of countenance; while those which are
high and holy, and virtuous, give it an
aspect of beauty and nobility.
The Washington Union says :- s -
It is scarcely necessary to say that the ar
ticle in the New York Times of Friday
last, in which it is asserted, on the author
ity of a telegraphic despatch that Mr.
Wise has appealed to President Pieree
for the removal ot Governor Reeder us
the only means of carrying the election in
Virginia, is without the shadow ot truth.
Mr. Wise needs no such help, and has
asked none such, to render his election
in estimation entirely certain; his confi
dence in his success is growing stronger
and stronger every day ; the confidence of
bis friends needs no such action of the
the President as the removal of Gov.
Reeder to assure them of a Democratic
A Compliment to the Ladils.—Wal
ter Savage Lnnitor, now residing at Bath
England, m his 31st year, became aequuii:-
ted with Lady Blessington at 1 loreiice, in
1852. In Madden’s Life and Correspond
ence of that Lady, just published, we tir.l
several letters of Landors. We make the
following extract from one‘of them. lie
writes to Lady B “Cannot you teach
those about, you to write somewhat more
purely Y 1 am very fastidious. Three
days ago, I was obliged to correct a friend
of mine, a man of fashion, who so far for
got the graces, to say, of a lady, ‘I have
not often been in her company. Say ‘pre
sence;’ we are in the company of men, in
the presence of angels and of woman.”—
E®.Someone has remarked how singu
lar itis that all the heroes of the French
Revolution were ugly. It seems as curi
ous to us, that they were either very large
or very little persons Danton was a Li
tan ; Mirabeau, though not so tall, was
large, and carried a huge head on his
shoulders : whereas Marat and Napoleon
were both small men. But the French
found their characteristic love of extremes
gratified in all of them. Even vice and
cruelty they will not admire, unless sauced
by some piquant oddity, and served up
in some extraordinary dish. A little lean
corporal like Napoleon, conquering the
Brobdignagian marshals aud emperors of
Europe and issuing from his nut-likc fist
the laws of notions; a grinning death’s
head like Voltaire, fjighteninp Christen
dom from its propriety, were stimulating
to in tox ication. (> el fill au.
Kings Going to Crimea —A letter
from.Turiu in the E<o <T Italia says that
Victor Emanuel King of has
written a letter to the Emperor Napoleon,
expessing a desire to accompany him to
the Crimea. The Emperor is said to have
been pleased vvi.n jthe idea, ami readily
gave his consent •
An Ungrateful Rascal.—About
three yeais ago a man named Wells was
sentenced in Washington, to De hnnged
for murder, and, after the gallows had
been erected, President Fillmore commu
ted the sentence to imprisonment for life.
A few days since, Wells employed coun
sel to bring him up on habeas corpus, mid
contend for his liberty, on the ground that
the President, had no right to commute the
sentence, and was obliged either to hang
or pardon him;
' feT* Bayard Taylor lately delivered a
lecture at Kalamazoo, on the Philosophy
of travel, before a large audience. The
next, day a gentleman chancing to meet a
lady, who listened to the lecture, asked
her opinion of it. “Oh” says she “it
was excellent —he has such a sweet mus
FUF Gen. Cass, in a letter to the Detroit
St. George’s Society, expresses his hostil
ity to Know Nothingism. Gen. William
O Butler, who ran on the same ticket with.
Cass in 1848, in declining to run for Con
gress, takes a similar position
‘ The Governor of Mtv <ichu<.-rU has
sent a message to ftMi House deelini;.'
remove Judge L.iring. -. The
laid on the table licut