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The Empire State. (Griffin, Ga.) 1855-18??, April 16, 1856, Image 2

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THE ’ Georgia"^ WEDNESDAY MORNING, April 15, 1856 Antiquity of Know Nofhingiam.-- Speeds of Mr. Olds, of Olsio. We are indebted to the kindness of the Hon. John H. Lumpkin, for a eopy of a speech delivered by Mr. Olds, of Ohio, at a Democratic meeting re cently held at Circieville, in that State. We have carefully perused this speech, and pronounce it among the ablest and soundest political documents we have read for many a day. The Ohio Democ racy have been charged with the taint of Aboli tionism by the Southern K. X. Press. If they w ill read the speech of Mr. Olds, and possess a spark of magnanimity, they will straight way re tract this unmerited charge. Mr. 0. takes the same view of the question of Slavery, considered politically, as the Southern Democratic politicians do, and in this connexion, we will take occasion to say, that there can be but one opinion on this as a political question, among Democrats North and South. It is one of the fundamental doctrines of the National Democracy, that Congress has no j right to interfere with Slavery either in the States I of Territories, and he who does not subscribe to j and abide by this principle, has no just claim to j fellowship with the party. Mr. Olds handles the Black Republicans and Know Nothings without mittens, showing how they are both inimical to Democratic Principles, the great principles .upon which our Government has been administered for j the greater portion of the last half century. We j give clsewh re a short sp ci ncr. eft’ e speech, from j which its general character can be judged. We j regret that its great length and the contracted lim-! its of our columns, forbid that we should attempt ‘ to lay the whole address before our readers. Judge Warner’s Speech. We invite attention to an extract from the cpeech of the Hon. Representative from the Fourth ! Congressional District of Georgia, which we pub. lishtoday. We have received but a single copy and have only had the chance of a hasty glance at it. The great anxiety on the part of his numerous friends and admirers in this community to read this first effort of Judge Warner, has forc ed us to the necessity of loaning .it to cne and an other, till it isworn almost threadbare. The argu ment of Judge W. on the all absorbing question of! slavery, is powerful and conclusive, and proves that the Judge rs entitled to occupy as high a po-1 sitioa on the list of Statesmen, as he Las so long maintained on the list of profound Jurists. This effort, like all others heretofore emanating from him, is remarkable for the plain, practical, logical, common sense reasoning which characterises the production. N o effort at rhetorical display up. disdaining the tinsel of flowery language, or flights of fancy, he drives with Herculean force to the strong points of the questions he discusses *ad prostrates with a giant’s power the puny arl guments of bi3 fanatical adversaries. We hope before long to be able to lay the speech, entire, be fore our readers, that they may see for themselves how ably their rights have been vindicated by their worthy Representative. 1 o *• TSie Weather and the Crops. Stern Winter has at length relaxed its icy grasp and genial Spring, with sunshine and reviving warmth is upon us. We have for the last week been favored with open, pleasantereather, the buds are expanding, flowers opening, and dormant nature seems to be rapidly waking up to o<?w life and ex istence. The farmers have generally finished plant ing their crops ot com, and are now putting in their cotton seed. The small grain crops are im proving rapidly, oats begin to grow, and wheat looks well where there are good stands. On some farms the severe winter has destroyed much of the stand of wheat and left it too thin, but this is by ■no means general. Fruit has not yet been in the least injured, in this vicinity, and if we can escape x>ne week longer, the late frosts, this crop will prob ably be more abundant than for several years past. Look up farmers, there is a better day a coming, and that not very distant. The Atlanta Examiner. Our cotemporary of the Examiner, is disposed to make merry over a small notice which we in serted in our issue of two weeks ago, in inference to the existence of Small Pox in LaGrange at that time. We are pleased to find our friend in such good spirits, as it indicates a prosperous condition of his valuable paper, and we are always gratified to know that our brethren of the Press are doing well, let our own prospects be ever so gloomy.— We are not disposed to retort upon our brother by throwiug into his teeth the thousand and one ty pographical errors with w hich his sheet has abound ed, for the last five or six months, but will, as far as our acts and words are concerned, cover them over with the mantle of fraternal charity, and hide them forever from the gaze of a captious world.— The little er"or in the date of our paper, was occa sioned by our Foreman’s not having the list of the twelve calendar months before him, and not recol lecting distinctly the order in which they stood, made May immediately succeed March; forgetting at the time, that there was such a month as April in the calendar. After printing a few copies of the paper, however, the error was fortunately dis covered and corrected. The Examiner, standing first on our list of Exchanges, as it does in our af fections, happened to receive one of the unlucky copies which has proveu truly unlucky to us. We hope this explanation, though a very poor one, will be fully satisfactory to our cctunporary, remem bering the old maxim which says, “a poor apology is better than none.” Railroad Meeting. citizens of Spalding who may feel in. forested in the construction of the projected Mid* die Ground Railroad, which is to connect Coving ton with Columbus, and to run via of McDonough, Griffin, Greenville, and Hamilton, arc respectfully requested to convene at the City Hall on Saturday next, at 2 o clock, P. M., for the purpose of con sulting with regard to the propriety of appointing some suitable day ou which delegates from the re spective counties interested in the enterprise, will be invited, for the purpose of taking some action n regard to the construction of said Road. Pifae Superior Court. We had the pleasure of spending a few days in Zebulon last week, in attendance upon the session of the Superior Court of Pike county. This was the first opportunity we had enjoyed of seeing Judge Green presiding. We were pleased to find our expectations fully realised in the ease, grace, dignity and efficiency with which he does the hon ors of the bench. His energy and industry may be inferred from the fact that although two weeks are allowed by law for Pike Court, he dispatched all the business ready for trial in the short space of five days, and on Friday evening adjourned the Court till Court in course. The newly appointed Judge is likely to be very popular with the bar, as well as the people, and a persistence in the course thus auspiciously begun, will no doubt ensure his election by the people in January next. This sum mary disposal of the business of the Court, works isl to no one, except our friend, Capt. Tyler, the gentlemanly proprietor of the Zebulon Hotel, who had prepared good things enough for two weeks, when his guests only remained one week to par take of his bountiful supplies. Better luck next time, Captain. We met many of our old comrades of former days, and exchanged friendly salutations with them and had substantial evidences from many of our subscribers, of their due appreciation of our hum ble. labors in their service. We were also honored with an invitation from our friend Mr. N. to spend an evening at his hospitable mansion, which we gladly accepted, and partook of his cordial hospi tality, which was doubly enhanced by the presence and conversation of his kind and amiable lady We are fond to revisit occasionally scenes endeared to us by so many pleasant associations, and though while at Zebulon we missed many faces upon which we used fondly to look, yet we found many of the old standards of Democracy still remaining, with whom we had in days gone by, stood shoulder to shoulder in many a hard fought political battle.— The memory of thosa days, and of those events, will linger around our heart till it shall cease from its pulsations iu the peaceful and quiet repose of the gra re. MajorEitford asset else Kansas Emi grants. Thi3 gentleman .left Columbus a lew days since, as we stated in our iast issue, with a number of Lmigrants for Kansas. We learn from our ex changes that the number was considerably increas ed at Montgomery and still further additions of men and money were made in Mobile, which place he left for New Orleans with some six hundred men. It is presumed that the company will be swelled to one thousand at the latter place. We are gratified that Major B’s efforts in behalf of the cause of Kansas, have been crowned with such flattering success. Be has been laboring for months to arouse the people of Georgia and Ala bama to a sense cf the importance of sending aid and comfort to our friends in Kansas Territory. The force he will carry to our struggling friends, who are already on the battle-field, will convey joy and comfort to their hearts, now throbbing wi<h painful anxiety, as to the result of the contest in which they have so gallantly enlisted. May their numbers increase till the black flag of Abolition i ism shall be driven in discomfiture and disgrace j from ihe soil it now desecrates. —o e ♦ - Arilaur’a Magazine Wc were very agreeably surprised, a few days . ago, on receiving this valuable Periodical for May, | being considerably iu advance of its usual lime of j arrival. This promptitude shov.s-a commendable ’ diligence and good management on the part of the j Proprietor and Publisher, which we trust will meet their merited reward. The present number is worthy of perusal, and sustains fully the former well deserved reputation of this Journal. A a Editor isa Luck. Our friend Howard, of the Atlanta Intelligencer, seems of late to have become the peculiar favorite oi fortune. W e learn “by the hearing of the ear” that he has recently received the lucrative appoint ment of Agent of the Western and Atlantic Rail road, at Atlanta—been appointed Post Master at Atlanta, and secured the printing business of the W. &A. Railroad. All this, as well as a good slice of the Stale Printing, for the next session, which he procured at the late session of the Legis lature, must open up a bright future to our broth er Howard. He must not expect, however, to re pose upon a bed of roses, while filling these mani fold responsible trusts, but the hope of ample re ward must be his main consolation. We trust he may be able to lay up an abundant supply from 1 these various sources of revenue, so that when we j poor hungry Democratic Editors shall have been | starved out in the service of the party, he may : have wherewith to bestow charity upon his less fortunate co-laborers. Go it my brother; make hay while the sun shines, for when the Know Noth ings get the control of things, they’ll throw you a lofty fall. The Lion changed to the Lamb. Bishop Pierce, on his late visit to the West, for the purpose of holding the conference of the Indian Methodists, relates the remarkable fact that the celebrated Jim Henry, the leader of the hostile Cicek Indians, at tne time Roanoke, in Stewart county, was burnt, was received into the connex ion as an itinerant preacher, at that conference. Jim Henry was a noted character in Georgia afld Alabama about the years of 1836 and 1837, as the leader of the savage band of Creek Warriors, which for a time struck terror and dismay among the frontier inhabitants of Georgia and Alabama, lie was finally taken prisoner by our troops, and brought to Columbus, but was released at the close of the war, and emigrated to the West with the remnant of his tribe. This instance of the power of God’s grace to change the heart and molify the savage and rebellious disposition, even of the wild man of the forest, is a strong proof of the truth of revelation, and foreshadows the final triumph of the gospel, when “tne Wolf shall lie down with the Lamb and the Leopard with the Kidd, and nation shall no more lift up sword against nation.” Kansas Emigrants, Hugh M’ Moore,Esq.and several other gentlemen from Sumpter cofenty, passed through this place, on Saturday last, en route for Kausas. Mr. Moore was Secretary of the Senate of Georgia, at the session of 1853—a lawyer of respectable stand ing—a gentleman of undoubted character, and a sterling Democrat. He goes out to the seeno of strife to examine the country, uud aid in securing the rights of his native South against the machi nations of the abominable hordes of Aboliliovists, which are bent ou our destruction. He will re main in the Territory till after the election, and will then probably make a permanent settlement in that country. Our good wishes accompany him and his brave comrades in their patriotic enter prise. The Medical Reformer anti Review. From the April number of this Journal, just re ceived, we learn that Professors Cox & Loomis l have retired from their former position as Editors, and been succeeded by Professors Lochraue & Bankston. Prof. Lochrane salutes the readers of that Periodical with a very neat address, exhibit ing his great capacity a3 a graceful ‘hujeogent writer. Prof. Bankston’s long connexion with the Medical Profession, and his experience as a wri ter and lecturer upon medical subjects, eminently qualify him for the editorial chair of a Medical Pe riodical. Under the joint superintendence of these gentlemen, we anticipate for the Reformer & Re view, an enlargement of its sphere of usefulness, and a brilliant career in its onward progress in support of medical reform. Small Pox. This loathsome disease seems to be invading ma ay parts of our State. It has made its appearance in Talbotton, and one person is said to have died with it in that village. From the Sandersville Georgian we learn it has broken out in Irwinton, Wilkinson county, in consequence of which, the buperior Court ol that county rvas adjourned over on the first day of its term. It would be well for all to keep a sharp took out for its movements. BJor the Empire State. Grl/lin Female College—Mr. Martin’s Lecture. Mr. Editor : I very unexpectedly had the pleas ure of listening to the opening lecture in the above College for the present Term, on Friday night last, by the Rev Mr. Martin, upon the subject of “Me terorites,” delivered before the Pupils of the Col lege, and a large and very attentive audience. Ihe subject was most ably handled—the lecturer en chaining his audience for about an hour. These lectures, though designed for the immediate.benefit of the Young Ladies of the College, are free to all, and all may derive much information from them. We were truly very much edified with the one we listened to on Friday night. President Morrow gave notice that the lectures would be continued on every pleasant Friday even ing during the Term. We also observed that Prof. Briggs’ Class in Vocal Music have not degenerat ed any from their former proficiency, judging from the specimens they gave us on the opening and closing of the lecture. Prof. Briggs, wc believe, “holds lorth” next Friday night, when, at the re quest of many who were unable to hear it when delivered last Term, he will repeat his Essay on •‘American Scenery.” A. B. C. For the Empire State. Deer Mr. Editor : Army body would naterally spose if they was to see cur Church, that it was finniehedan furnished all eempkat, but they’d be dreliently mistaken Why thar is a sewin’ cociety that dont do army thing but work for the Church, and more an ahas a dozen emmuitty’s ol ladies goes about every little wile begin, coaxin and wheeulin to get money to buy this, that and the other piece of fixin for cur Church. To tell the truth, it is a tcribelevtravegant Church. I’m aferd, and the sooner we manage to get it fixed about rite the better it’ll be for poor fokes, for would you believe it, there is some fokes eaven hear that ain't got so many close as they orter to have, nor near euuf patuters or bred, lettin alone afire to cook ’em with. 1 found that out a wile ago by wachin Breuster wen he goes about in the kichen and pant trey. ‘Why he. and cossin Mary have put vi ttels arid close iu baskets, and doged ’em out ol the back door all winter, and I nearer found out what it meat till a lew days ago. Breuster used to tell me wen I axed him wat he did it for, tlmt he was goin’ to let Lize or Clem tumbel ’em in the gutter to git rid of ’em, but I deciair I hev seen cum of ’em very close runuin’ ’bout the streats on little cur ley negers, and Ide bet the bred was just balked. I've cuut him pokin’ ‘bout the house for baby close, wen hies you, he didn’t no wat a baby needed, but got sum of Fiery '3 pairymittys and her muslens. Fiery and i took the jo bin hand) and if we didn’t surprise that p c -or little wornman that had the uaiked baby with a basket full ofpur ty coats and things, then I reckon you never seen a well dressed be by ! Warn tla tellin ’bout the Church and the sew in’ society and the comraites ? Wei, seemes to me I was. One commite was a Fountain commite. — They was a begin to get a wite marbel Fountain, (you no wat a Fountain is, I reck in.) If you don’t I’ll tell you. It is a cup or a big bole to hold the waiter for sprinklin of babes in babtizzeu. They had'bout has the money razed. ThcQ there is another commite try ing to get a grand, new chand lcar to hang up to those rafters over head. Them and the winder cqmmites do have a letle the great est time'3 ’bout their affairs. Now somebody is a tryiu’ to get a commite ou a geld communion tea kittle an plaits, just as if crockkery wash t good enuf. Wei, I didn’t cair’bout the cause I’ve scan ’em ; 1 nould like a winder full of picters out of the Bible. That would be some thing grand in sermon time. So wen the eband lair commite came hear, and noboddy was to hum but me, and they was very perlite, and expashiated ’bout the chaiidiair, and so on, I jist said, “I fealt sory, it was unfortunit, but I didn’t happen to have any money on hand just then, or I should, prehaps> have some to give. As it was, I hadn’t a pica yune.” The little black eyed wommen with the satten mantiilcr, she said it wasn’t a bit of matter —not a bit. “Don’t you trouble yourself,” says she, “there is no compulshun, no compulshuu, not at all, my dear ; you can say no. if you like.” So they gathered up their flounces,and went offspark lin and tustlin along like a cuppel of cats a hoJdiu roosters, so that his tail {others should civer up their heads. Couseu Breuster said if one of them wiratnen would sell her saten mantiller, it would just buy a* nioe chandlair ; but mercy on us, that would be axiu tu much of one alone, on the whole, I ruthcr think the satten nmntillers, if they go to meetir reglav, (I declare I forgot to say Church 1) If they go to Church reglar, they will make it look as grand as ahas dozen chandlairs, for they cost a deal more. Mr. Buttersidc says Mrs. Goldball is ihe greatest ornament of the Church, and 1 really think she is, carrage, feathers, flounces and gold clasped him books. She is rather conspickus any way, but every body expects it of her and sets her tine things douu on the spout; of goodworks. Her nice brother, and her detir MiVLG.t>sfball, (you nev er seen so effeeshunate a wife,) treat her as if *he. was tu clean and tu .little to-tfe- trusted in a crowd by herself. Mrs. Goldball sent word That she Want ed us all to cum round to her house and dine next weak. 1 don’t mean she sent word. Dear me, she writ it all off on a piece of paper that smelt as good as patchluy, and had a strip of gold around its edge too. Flory saya we must all go, and I spec vye shall go. But lor a massy, I have looked over what 1 have writ, an I iiud 1 have got tilings sorter mixed up ; but never a mind. 1 declair I can’t, think of etery thing now, but there’s more to saj—you can think wat it is yourself, and some other time I will tell you about Mrs. Goidball’s dinner. Yours tel deth doth us forever part, BKTfcsEY BROOM CORN- For the Empire State. Sir : An anecdote, or even a joke, carrying no personality, will some times teach a good lesson in social morals, consequently unobjectionable. It gives Attic salt to conversation and vitality to friendly intercourse, and social feeling. It violates no amoral obligation. By exciting risibility, it contributes to liealth, both of mind and body.— “Laugh and grow fat.” But there is another side of the question. To all persons, whose minds pos sess correct taste by proper cultivation and moral refinement, there is nothing more Unpleasant than that little word and thing, but powerful in effect, called tattle or scandal. The Homans,had amongthem a proverbial laying, ‘lts a fiilthy bird that befouls its own nest,’ Esopalso hasn fableteachingthe injus tice and ingratitude ofbeating the old hound, which after long faithful service, had lost his teeth, be cause he could not hold on to the game after over taking it. One of the best rules of behaviour in society, is to overlook the faults of others, aud prac* tice constant and close self-examination ; to carry the end of the wallet of life containing your neigh bor’s errors behind you, the other end containing your own before you. ihis you will always find, the fullest. * Mind yourown business, and you will have enough to do, and, if well done, it will be much to your praise, and all will give you due cred it. More than all, vou will live and die happy. C. D. F. Speech oftlse.HON. E.B. OLDS, at a Democratic Meeting at Circleville Ohio. ***** Though secondary in importance, yet being first, in chronological order, you will allow me to bestow a few passing remarks upon the Know Nothing organization. Most secret societies claim great antiquity. The Masons date back to the building of Solo mon’s Temple. The Odd-Fellows to the cov enant between Johnathan and David, record ed in the history of the first King of Israel.— The Kechabites, to the life and time's of Jona. dab. But Know Nothiugism, can with more clearness, be traced back almost to the ‘fall of man.’ For in die days of Adam and Eve, it is rccorded’that ‘Cain talked with Abel his brother, and it came to pass when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against his bro ther and slew him.* And the Lord said unto Cain, where is Abel thy brother ? and he said i Kuow Not ’ This is the first account we have of Know Nothiugism. To the “1 know not’ 4 of Cain may be ascribed, not only the name ‘Know Nothings,” but also this peculiar distinguishing feature of their organization, ‘deception and falsehood ’ Such a reprobate was this great founder of-the order, that the Almighty cursed him as a vagabond, and set his mark upon him, and he went out from the presence of the Lord and established Knov. Nothiugism in the land of Nod For Laim.ce the great great giandson of Cain ‘said unto his two ‘wives Adah and Zilah, hear ray voice ye wives of Lantech, unto my speech for i have slain a man 10 my wounding,, and a young man to my hurt, it Cain shall be aveng ed seven loid, truly Lantech seventy and seven fold. ’ he order then was founded in falschue and and blood, as witnessed by ihe murders ol Cai:: and Lantech, and 10 mis day its onward course is marked by rapine and bUod-shed as witnessed by the Native and Know Nothing riot in Philadelphia, Cincinnati and Louis ville. Ihe next event in Know Noihingism, in chronological order, to which I shall advert, you will find recorded in the old Levitical law By this time it appears that in addition to nmr tier and biood-sheu, oppression of foreigners or strangers had been me one of the distinguish ing features of the t ruer. The had I ceome so common, even among God’s own peculiar people, the eh klren of Israel, that the Almighty i itusilf, in the old Levitical law made an express provision agsimt it. You will find it recorded I think in Leviticus, 19th chapter, Sod and 34th verses Buts lam mis taken in the chapter and ver-e, you may r, ad on until you find it, the reading will do you no harm. *t is in these words: “And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye .shall not vex him. But the stranger that dwellcth with you, he shall be uuto yon as one bom among you, an thou shah love him as thyself: for ye were strangers in, the laud ol Egypt. lam the Lord your God.” The analogy between the condition of the children of Israel, and the people of the Unit ed States, is too striking not t merit a pass ing notice. They had in the land of Egypt been subject to the utmost oppression of tin K now Nothing Pharoahs. The Almighty him self, with a strong arm had delivered them, and brought them into a land flowing with milk and honey. The Canaanites had been driven from tfieir homes and lands, in order to make room for the people of Israel. Y r et no sooner were they established in the land of Canaan, than they turned Know Nothings, and became so oppressive to foreigners aud stan gers, ns to call forih the direct interposition of the Almishty In like manner our fathers were subjected to the know nothing oppres sion of the old world. Religious persecution and intolerance drove them across the broad Atlantic to the s ores of North America.— The same overruling Providence that watched over and gun! L them whi'e crossing the bois terous ocean, drove back the Indian Tribes, and established our Pilgrim fathers in this “land of the free arid tLo home of the brave’ And now although we ourselves have scarcely ceased being stiangers, where once roamed the wild savages of the forest jhaving possessed ourselves of their homes, and their pleasant hunting grounds, like the rebellious Israelites, our people are waging a war of extermination against the stranger, and rallying under the Know Nothing cry of “death and destruction to all foreigners.” Condition of Walker’s Army.—We lravfi so many, and such contradictory reports of Walker's army in Nicaragua, that it seems quite impossible to arrive at the truth The New York Sun pretends to have private intelligence from reliable sources as to the condi tion of the army, and says that “tho reports sent to the United States are fabricated here, regarding the dissatisfaction of AValker’s troops, are utterly baseless. Men and officers, with rare exceptions, are contented and enthusiastic-in the cause they have espoused. They are paid regularly to the last farthing, and every way better provided for than they could have expected. The reports of sickness have also been exaggerated. Not a man has suffered from sickness, except from dissipation, or his own indiscretion. Gen. Walker will not want for money or means to defend himself against his enemies iu Central America. There are capi talists at New York and at the South, who are ad vancing money. They advance as much and av fast as wanted.” It is estimate ! that tho yield of gold in California during the year 1856 will amouut to about sixty millions of dollars. Productions of Kansas'. Gen. Whitfield Territorial Delegate from ’Kan sas, writes a letter confirming all that has been said of the inducements which that Territory offers to emigrahts. “VVe quote as follows: In regard to soil, Kansas is unsurpassed, pro ducing from sixty to eighty bushels of Corn per acre —twenty-five to forty bushels of wheat per acre. The finest oats I have ever seen grow, we raise in Kansas. In fact, I have seen nothing planted iu Kansas (except cotton) that does not produce more to the acre than on the best lands in Tennessee. Besides being a fine grain and grass country, it is a part of the hemp region of the United States. Hemp is decidedly the most profitable crop now raised, and the statistics will show that the plant ers of Western Missouri rre making more money per hand than is made in any other Btute in the Union. It is nothing uncommon for farmers to pay three hundred dollars hire for negro men per year. I was raised in Tennessee, and have been in near ly every State in the Union, and I say to you in all candor, that I have never seen any country that possesses as many advantages to new or old set tlers as Kansas. Our friends in Western Missouri —with similar soil to Kansas, make from six to eight huddred dollars a hand per annum. This will, I have no doubt, seem large to you, but I assure you it is strictly true. I'he climate of Kansas I regard as being far bet ter than in Tennessee; from first September until first March, we have but little'rain—mostly clear dry weather. The past winter has been, though, colder than ever known before. Our country I re gard as very healthy; in some localities chills and fever prevail to some extent—we have no pulmona ry diseases in Kansas. In regard to supplies you can procure anything you may want in Missouri —if you get to Kansas by May or June you can raise plenty of corn. Our lands are ready cleared —you can make your locution or.e day’ end com mence farming next. [Cor. of the Sav. Journal.] Washington, April 1, 1856. The lion. Mr. Warner, of Georgia delivered a calm, argumentative and able speech in the House to-day, and was listened to with fixed attention by the most quiet and respectful audience I have looked upon this session. Uis speech was cf a character not admitting of a busty and graphic sketch. It was a clear and philosophic argument in proof of the assumption that negro slavery, wherever it exists, is sustained Ly the law of,na tions. lie quoted authorities in proof of this posi tion, some ei which were v.eli admitted in English legal and legislative tribunals. He also assumes that slavery exists in the Uniiid States by virtue of the Constitution of the republic, and that its ex istence in the t err if cries it undoubted, until inhib ited by legislation. Mr. Allicon, of Fenufylvania, on rising to reply, remarked that lie would do so with the greatest pleasure, because of the spirit that manifestly in fluenced the Representative from Georgia, whose sincerity was only equalled by the gentlemanly courtesy he had exhibited. The House, Air. Alli son remarked, needed such an example, and he hop ed its influence might be felt in the future bearing of its members. Death of Youtsg Kamimmd. Our readers will remember the horrible death of Amos W. Hammond, Jr., who was found on the morning of Christmas last, affixed to the cow catch er of the passenger engine of the Macon & West ern Railroad. We stated iu our notice of the af fair that suspicions were afloat that the young man had been foully dealt with. Nothing,however, de finite at that time could be proven, and the matter has remained to the present a mystery to those who believed otherwise than that his death was the re mit of ait accident. At length, however, after the lapse of three mouths, the question of young Hum moud's death has been revived. We learn that a woman Ly the name of Taylor appeared before the Grand Jury on Tuesday, and charged two men, by th.e uauie of Taylor and Harrison, and a woman by the name of Davis, with the murder of Ham mond. We have not learned the nature of her testimony; it was sufficient, however, to induce the Grand J ary to find true bills against all the parties The woman, Davis, bus been arrested ; Taylor succeeded iu escaping, after being shot at bv the £ her iff. Harrison, wo learn, is iu jail at Chattanooga. The entire matter w ill soon undergo the investi gation of a regular trial, w hen w e will inform our readers of the Worn tin’s lliglits in the Xetr York legislatures It strikes Us,-says the Savannah Journal, that the subject of ‘‘Woman's Rights” is admirably treated in a late report of the Judiciary Commit tee of the New York Legislature. Having lmd under mature consideration a great number of pe titions and memorials bearing on (as Carlyle would say) condition of Woman Question, mar ried men on the committee made a report from which wc quote as follows ; ‘The Committee say that they are enabled to state that ladies always have the best piece and choicest titbit at the table. They have the best seat in the ears, carriiges and sleighs; the warjnest place in Winter and tho coolest place in Summer. They have the choice on which side of the bed they will lie, front or back. A lady’s dross cost three times as much as that of a gentleman, and at the present time, with the prevailing fashion, ouc lady occupies three times as much space iu the world as a gentleman. t “It has thus appeared to the married gentlemen of your Committee, being a majority, (the bache lors being silent,) that if there is any inequality or oppression in the case the gentlemen are the suffer ers. They, however, have presented no petition for redress, having doubtless made up their minds to an inevitable destiny. “On the whole, the Committee have concluded to recommend uo measure except that, as they have observed, several instances in which husband and wife have both signed the same petition, in such case they would recommend the parties to ap ply for a law authorizing them to change dresses so that the husband may wear tho petticoats and tho wife the breeches, and thus indicate to their neighbors and the public the true relation iu which they stand with each other.” Lathi from Santa Fe. —St. Louis, April 3, —Santa Ke advices have been ie;eived iu this city stating that two hundred and sixty troops had been ordered by General Garland to invade the Gilo country, and to seek redress for tbe murders and robberies cf the Apaches. NEWS ITEMS. Cotton Burned. On Tuesday last a car load of Cotton took fire on the Macon & Western Railroad, about three miles below this city, and was entirely consumed. The cars at each end of the burning car were de tached by the conductor of the train, and thus preserved from damage. The total loss., of the company is supposed to be some $2,000. Some thirty of thirity-five bales of cotton were burnt with the car containing them.— American Union. A Considerable Item. Within the last twenty years, according to the showing of the Secretary of the Treasury, upwards of three hundred millions of dollars have been lost by tlic defalcation of the officials of that depart ment. The most of them attempted to take shel ter under the wings of the Bankrupt Law, but Mr. Secretary Guthrie, backed by the opinion of able lawyers, has come to the conclusion that said law did not relieve those indebted to the government. He is consequently tracking up these defaulters,.- and intends to try the strong arm of the Judicia ry in making them toe the official mark. He is said to have realized already about thirty millions of dollars of this kind of indebtedness.— Da-ly In telligencer. The Small Pox in Talbotton. We understand that there has recently bccn ! a well defined ease of this loathsome disease in Tal botton, which resulted fatally. It was brought thither by the unfortunate gentleman, fronfoTre of the Northern cities, whither he had been to trans act some business. Every precaution has been ta-” ken by the citizens of the village to prevent its spread, which it is hoped will prove effectual. It is also reported that the disease also exists in sev-’ era! places that are in Railroad and stage connec tion with this city. The question therefore natu rally arises, “have we any vaccine matter among us V” If yea, will not our “City Fathers” take steps to have the people vaccinated as far as pos sible. It is their duly to guard alike the health and morals of the city, and we doubt not they will punctiliously discharge it..— Corner Stone. I income of Western &, Atlantic Rail road. Foi March, 18f>6. From Freights, $81,568 32 “ Passengers 16.565 70 4 “ Alai!,. 1,895 83* Atlanta Intelligencer, April 11. Rome Advertiser states that that town now numbers about 5,000 inhabitants, and that by ‘ the census of 1848, it had then only 580. Her’ railroad and the navigation of the upper Coosa - river, have contributed very largely to this great increase and prosperity of Rome. Major Buford’s Company, bound fur Kan sas Territory, left Columbus on Friday morning, 4th inst.. for Montgomery. Ilia colonists number ed about 140 or 150, of whom some 40 or 50 join ed him nt Columbus. 30 came from South Caroli- • mi. uiukr the direct ion of Cap’. Bel!, of Edgefield, - and the balance were brought up by Maj. B. from Barbour, and ether counties in Alabama. About $l,lOO were subscribed for the cause in Colunibas — -Citron. Sen. • Kansas Mittixg in Mehiwethfi: County The citizens of Merriwether have already sett out nine young men to Kansas, and twenty to • twenty-five men, headed by F A Boykin, Esq. are preparing to follow them The citizens of the county intends to defray their expenses.— At a recent meeting held at Greenville, April 4th, three hundred and fifteen dollars were raised, and banded ovc-r to Judge WHiite, of Kansas. Tiie .State flail Hoad, j The Atlanta InUlligcucer of Friday morning I states that “In about two weeks, the line of | roacl from Atlanta to Dalton (about one ] huiidvcod miles) will be laid with heavey T I rail, and the road will soon be in receipt of an j additional IGO ) tons, enough to furnish the cn i tire line v\ itii the same iron. Four more of the i number of lir.-t class engines ordered out last I spring have arrived, and we soon will have an ! equipment second to that of no road in tho country of the length of the State work. We have no doubt that our resources in this respect arc decidedly superior Our freight cars number now four hundred and fifty of first rate constrm tion, and we are at this j time using only fifty-five cars of any other j road whatever. F- r mutual convenience that j number of the East Tennessee cars are cm- J ployed ‘ V the Western & Atlantic rail road. | Const ii'.iiknalist. The New Dome for the Cafetol.—The estimated cost of the new dome to be placed on tho Capitol at Washington City, D. C. is §946,009, or, say $1.U00,000, in round numbers. It Is to be of cast iron, and surely ought to be a. very maguifieentaffair for that money. The national Capitol, with its ira- •> additions and dmno, will be not only the 1 argot, but one of the most expensive edifices devoted to legislative business in the wo Id. Ca:i)i<.itknt El(lon< Columbia, April 9. The opponents of the Administration have a majority of twenty-eight iu the House, and one in the Senate. April 9 P. M.—The majority of the Fusion ists on joint ballot is 12. Mail Robbery—Five Thousand Dollars Sto len.—The Indianapolis (lnd ) Journal, ofthe27th ult., states that on the 7th or Bth of March, Mr Doming, tho mail agent, missed a Chicago mail, and lie had reason to believe it was lost at Michi gan City. Accordingly special officers were ap pointed to detect the thief, and suspicion having fallen upon Thomas McDonald, an Irish watchman at the railway office iu that place, bo was closely watched. A few days after, the mails failed to Connect, and tho bags that were lying over were placed in a room which was under tho eye of the officers. There McDonald was observed stealthily to enter by a wiudow, undone of the offkais im mediately raised a pistol, and ordered him “to stand or die,” He was secured, and the officers proceeded at once to search his house. They found a mail bag, fullot opened envelopes, <fcc. They de. marided of the prisoner’s wife tho money and par pers which her husband bad taken from the letters.. She showed them a large trunk in which the plun der was concealed, and on opening they discovered 8800 or 8900 in cash, and near 84,000 indrafts,— This made a tolerably plain case. McDonald was shipped for Indianapolis ejarly next morning. His wife quite a good lookiug young woman, accompar uied him. McDonald is a stout and not a bad looking man, who had, up to the time of his ar rest. borne a good character.