DECEMBER 30, 1845.
xso aaonozA jowmiai I
II FIIIMIHtD TWICE * WEEK Ill'HINd THE «E««|nK HE
fllK LKOIlL.VrUNK, A'll* WKItKL Y NIK KKNAIRDKIi
or TIIK Y«AK, I*V
i* i: i i: it s o \ t ii w «' a i t ,
KUITOR AMI PROPRIETOR,
AT rilRBK » lU.AHSfKH ANNUM. IN ADVANCE
UR. FOUR IHILLAIIH AT TIIK BNH OP THE YEAR.
NiMuliA'rlnilnn willb. mo.W.ilfor ImMtwn k jcnr. nor
will »ni- tt».*r lit* li.niinlitmnd untilnil nrrenrnre. are pitiil.
I'll, hi l.r williiol In’ ,.nl In Any p.r.on mil of I In' Sinin,
until nil*«iiiicri|HHHii«oa«.vi* |n>iii In »il»«ncf on«ali»fi>cioiy
ADVK'l I'l.Sli'lBN I S ar* nmerlmt nt 75c«nt»p^r*q«nTf
for tin drill in.nrtinn, nml 50 chiiik prr miimre for eui-li
ia.rrnouCM. reader* A .quart inth.Joiirna! i.n »p»i*. nl ieii
|„.94 i„ 4 mill vnn.i OllluillillE n* il iIiiee »n« linnilrril irnril.
r q, It, s ,|n. Ilf I. \ NO A,hv Vi|:niiii»ir»liirii.l'.»i*i Iiiiirr,
urUimr.liniiK.nru required hy law. loli« held on the fire-
T.iEi lnyiiiihe inontli, between th" linure nt ten in Inn rnre
noon nii.l liirnp in the nfternnnn, at the CuutMinusr, in lilt
V in which Ilia lain! in nit tinted. Nolle. nr tliea.e «nlei
mna ,be eivmiin n public gnaelte SIXTY DAYS previuu. to
1 "sn'lc« i'p'/nEOUOF.S inn.I hentn public auction,on ill. firm
TniM'lav untie month,lialivcen lha u.uni lioiireofanle.ntlhe
pinna nfp ililic nnlcniu the county where the Intern team
tary.of Y'liiiiiiUHratiiiiiorOiinrilianahip.iiia, havaliaengi
el, liratei.ingSIXTY HAYS in.lice thereof,In one of he
politic gnr.ettai. ol thin Slate, anil nl the dour ol Ilia Court
lionne. where nuch aotea arc to he held,
Nmiccfiirthc.nlanl Pot-final Properly, moat lie given in
tilre manner. POUT Y da. « previnne to the day or.nle.
Notice to ilia Oehiore and Creditor, of nil 1**kiui« iiiiim lie
CASH 'TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT.
A'»* 17 WliiiMkcr-slred, Suvuimtili.
(Opposite IV If May if* Co.'s Saddlery Store )
HAMILTON & 3VMONS
would inform I heir tVieiitln nml lln*
public, ihui in addition In their pn*
Hcnt Inrjrn nupplv of RE* HY
DE ||tpy littve
i linsed, mid ore now opening h
Inrun nml eb'uont HMtmrlmmit of flic
verv best quality of
EngUsh and French Cloths,
And FANCY ABTICI.ES, cuila
- blr l»» (ieuih'inc ’s wear. All of
■o order . .>• imtu ch guilt umi f.ishiomible style, mid nt the
Their lock in entirely new, mid beinp connected w ith the
firm of.I C Booth Sc On. 11*7 Broad w»iv, Now York, iIum
w ill he furnished with the most fashionable m uch*?, as tlw\
[From the Washington Constitution*]
1MPOUTANT DEBATE IN THE SENATE.
I tie Debate in in Semite ye* terd.iv nn ?I»r* re
solutions of Cion. Ca*.s in reference to Hits tlefenc* •*
of iho country was «x« windy interesting. U«*
reviewed ttie Oregon question and tha present
siafn of the negotiation in regard to that territory.
The ground which the President assumes in his
Message upon that subject, he considers the true*
American ground, and he goes for supporting him
to the fullest extent and at all hazards. He referred
to. nod quoted parts of the speeches of Lord John
Russel and Sir Robert Peel, upon the grounds of
our title to Oregon, staled by the President in bis
Inaugural Address. His comments were most
dignified and striking. In truth, bis whole speech
was able, Patriotic, and just, and will meet with a
most ready response from the people of the whole
Country. Its delivery too, shows, wtmt some doubt,
ed thul Gen. Cass can speak, as well as fight, and
to the Court nfOrdinn*
i'iM he published tor FOLK
published Ft)R I’Y dav
Notioethst application will ho
ry firl-Mtve to sell LA.NI>
^Notice for leave tn -nil NRCItOM, inn.l !..• pnl.li-h.il lor
Fit'ill ’l*>S HI-»,hefore «ny order absolute shallbe tnnd«*
thereon l»v the Court. , , ,
CtriTloxsfor letters of Administration. most bo puhlicheil
thirty 4 tyi —tor dts.mtsiion f'ltm ndministrntiou. monthly **x
month*— for disinis-«iou from fJiiardtausliip./orfyd/rys.
Hut Ksfirttic mure of tlorlsmeo must t»c pno!islie<|
month!il hr four months—furniitiilili-liing Inat |mpn«,/nr the
lull nance nt three month*-hr coluprlling Utlpa frnm I .xecii-
tora r Ail uininratorE, wliere n Omul baa liven piven b> ihe
decaaneil.fAe hit npnee of three months.
Filblinali'ini ivill nlwava be cnnumieil neenrilmg to lliese
the leealrequiremeiiie, iinleaaotlierwieeiinlerpd.
All'ineinee, of :lti« kimlcnnliniioa tn rereive prompt nlten-
linn nt Ihe Ollioe nl 'lie UKOIM1IA JOURNAL.
JYeifi Unootfs olrriving I9aily.
— - - . .Port
TMurcovudo, uml New Orleans—120« lbs double re
fined Loaf For sale by W1UGHT&. STBTtiUN,
CJIKiAICS—20 Hlids, c.oneistitig of pi hoe
O Rico, Muec.ovu
'TttFFEII—I (if) hags, among which maybe found heel
silt, Java, Rio,Cuba,and St Domingo. For
wKitiiiT &. s rirrsoN.
Aiuirrloi«-a~ superior article— needn but u
trial to be appreciated. For sale by
\\ RIG f IT & ST FT SUN.
V old lioveruineiiti
20 boxes Adamantine
WRIGHT & STETSON.
pnr’ment of busitte
trcttiiitf the very tienl fit*».
Orders fromibecountry filled promptly, mid no deviation
in price, ns we me resoln d to approach .»H ne trl v as possible
to Northern rete« 13 if TERMS CASH.
arrive in tlie market
Air. S \. OLDS, lute forrmin for Price Sc Vender, and °' 1
well known t» n -uperior t'utter. will have charge of this de> WPII6.
that our customers may rely upon | lie.was followed by Mr. Mangutn also in a very
able and striking speech. Mr. M. did mil approve
nt the resolutions, because he prefered any such
subject as that looked to bv the resolution*, to come
immediately from the Executive himself. lie
would Ik* ready to meet such a proposition when
ever it was made from that quarter. He proved
and hoped that the difficulties between the United
States ami Great Britain might be settled without
war ; hut if they could not, and when war was de
lerinined upon, he pledged himself that there would
not be an anti war man in the United States He
believed, after all, that the dispute about Oregon,
was not the real matter of diflT reoce between the
two countries. The cans** of mi*iinders!H»»dirtu
STATE OF OFOItOIA,
Py GEORGE IV. CRA WFORD, Governor of said Stale.
\ V \ liuvmy occurred in Ihe 29tlt t-ongipsi* oi
the Uniicd .Slates hv the resignation of the l|.im>ruhl<
WASHINGTON IM>E. no nd.rr elect In in the Tl. ol Con
grespioiinl District nl titik >u tr. I ilo hereby i^om* tbit*, no
pioclamut "ii. nqnjting On mlv tiulhmi/.cd • i.t mb
District to n.|,| an ^ki.tion in their te*pei live cnt.i.lirh. m
MON DA V •'■t* 5th day « f Jnnnurv, J G-ftl. in in an tie- nml f ; n
an by law p nn d om, tn fit) huiil vncuticy .aid that t|-» \ gii*
Given under mv Imnd and seal of the Executive Depart
tneiif, at the Capitol in Millcdgevillc.thisilie Kith duv
of October, A. D. 1HI5.
By the Governor:
John H. Stkkle. S. E D. 4 if
If'll TASSFS—New Orleans mid Culm. For sale bv
ltl WRIGHT &, STETSON
SALT —350 sucks, large size.
aokekel-no.i and 2 in whole nml half
Fur sale by WRIGHT At STETSON.
A PltOCIi.i.H ITION.
STATU OF VEOItOlA.
Hy GEORGE IF. CR I WFORD, Governor of naid State
H AVING received information that a iituider with comm I-
ted on the 1st day of August, in tha cnuutv ot Lowiules,
upon the body of Samuel .Maui.pen, hv DAVID \\ KING,
who lots tied from justice, I have thought proper to issue this,
mv proclamation, oflcriug n reward of Onk Hitniihkd Dot.
Lars, to any person, or prisons, who may apprehend nml
deliver said fugitive, lo tlift Sherifl, or Jailor, of Lowndes
And I do morenverchnrgennd require all officers, civil and
military,to lie vigilant in endeavoring o upprehemJ the said
KING. in order that he may be tried for the ufieuce with
which he. stands* charged*
Given umtrrmy hand and the great seal of the State, nt the
Capitol in M illedgevill .this 15th day of September,
A. D., U515.
GEORGE W. CRAWFORD.
By the Governor:
N. C. BARNETT,Secr*v of State.
The said KING is; about 23 years of age, thin visage,
swniiby complexion, blue eves, dark hair, has ii down look
and is about 0 led high.
Ibi iMlclitioii to IIh* Governor's Kvwitnb
will pay TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY DOt LABS
for the delivery of the said D vVID W. KING to any one ol
t, or the Shcritr or J uilor of Lowndes county.
T. J. DENMARK,
5Ptf J. S. GROOVER.
■ighing 2 pounds to the mi
WRIGHT Sc ST E T<0\
—Ift tons of Sweed und English, Cnat and German
Steel. For sale hy
WRIGHT Sc S TE TSON.
A I! LS—1D0 kegs wurni cut,
rpOBA('CO-A tew boxes of superior Gold Leaf Gen*
S—10 dozen milierit.l' eml .te.d I'm nnlr l.y
WIUC.HT i STETSON.
ROdKKIIV and RMS* W AhF-» lor*,
ns.i.rlmeiit. For.nlrt.y U It 1.1II I' .V > I b. 1 ’N.
VV ATI-lit Oi l RI. 1 * sctstS " I J
,1.1. by WHltiOTAt STEfSON.
llient. For 4i. Ii* liv
WIIIGIFI & STETSON.
A C TO H V Til It K.4 O-
i.r I,.. ... i;
B »:i)-coitl>*<, sitot* Tlii'fiiti iiiid Mail 1-
1*0,IS—nil .op.'ri.n nltiolrn. For 8..I.* I»v
P AItldM Uk, tJOIRUlTk, IIA41.11 CHS.
SI - ■ ■ '
SltKl I II.MV
Mr. Niioa said li« would »ule lor liie rCEolutiuiia.
wliicli were more resolutions of enquiry, nod inno
cent enough in* themselves, but he regretted iliut
th* y Imd given rise to tt ttebtte in tviiielt SoitalerH
hnd departed f.om ll.e object of the re.olulions to
discuss the merits of the whole of the Oregon con
troversy. In teply to the remarks of the Sender
from North Carolina made yesterday, that he would
leave the whole matter in the hands of the Exec
utive where it belonged, lie, Mr. N. would suy that
in his opinion this matter was no longer in llm
hands of the President hot with the Sennte, and
upon thru body must tile responsibility now rest.
Mr. Niles suid the President hud performed his
duty in bringing tlie negotiation to that point where
il was broken oil', umi communicatin'' the result
to Congress. Ho could do no more. It was our
duty now to place the county in a condition tons,
serf our rights and niaiiitnin lh“m. Wo niiist at
least, suid Mr. N., extend to our citizens in Oregon
llio same protect inn tliut is enjoyed by tile British
inhabitants from their mvn Government. Mr. N.
for l.is own part did not anticipate tiiat a war w.iui.l
g'oo out of this question. He thought it probn
tile that when Great Britain suw that we »«ro nut
to be intimidated or bullied on. of our rights, she
would he gi t.I to compromise with us on the terms
..iFered tn her i.v direction of the present Executive
—hut if war should come we should tie prepar’ d
for it. and lie hoped, therefore, that the Resolutions
“Our policy is pence—
But we fear not war.*’
Mi. Cnlltuitleti said in* would vote for the resolu.
lions. They were resolutions which inipht he prop
erly adopted in a .itna nf pence, and were still more
appropriate when there was a (!oi)ii< geiic\ ol war.
lay deeper, and was 'nr more important, than the ; He would not make tiny remarks upon the reeolu
NEW FIRE-PROOF WARE-HOUSE,
THE umlerHigned having erected n F
♦ £& Brook VVAKK-HOi sK.siliiuied ot the lieinJ <>f
Cotton Avenue, tenders bis services to bis
friends and the public uenerullv lor the sto
r«t:e of Cotton and Merchandise and the
transaction of Commission Business in ail its
brandies,pledging himself to use every exertion to promote
ihe interests of, and render satisfaction to, those who tony
confide busin< ss to bin charge.
The storage and sale of Cotton will be under the direction
umi control of'Mr. JOHN JONE.S, who has long been known
in the Ware house business, and will give particular attention
to the sale ofCottonand the filling of orders for goods.
Liberal advances w ill be made on Cotton in store or to be
together with any other articles, will ho furnished customers
at the lowest mat Wet price.
N. B. Storageund Commissions nt customarv rates,
JERRY CUM I.KS.
Macon, 2Jlh June, 1845. 39 2Ct
UtLlAIlK & BEALL,
I Am! Commission lUorclianls,
No. Til, Btiy kti'i'vt,
C A. tiHKINEB,
W. A. IIkam.. 51 If Snpt. 17.
rn HKumlereisrned have bo unlit out the interest ol Mr. St.
I l.ANtEU in lluA well knmsn estntdishmem, »ml design
making it wortliv oftlie liberal patronage it has heretofore
olouiued from the |uihlju. Every exertion will he. made t<»
ir.ake (ho sojournofeitiier the permanent or truu«ienl hoarder
pleasant and agreeable. Tin* sleeping apartment's are com
fortable and eummnaious.nud fitted up with neat hnd clean
furuiiure. 'The lithlcs will he furiiii>hed with every luxury
oiiruwii market,and those of Savannah can supplv ; and ho
etVoits spared (u make the house deserving of public pation
MOTT At NEWCOMB.
IMitenn, Cot. 7,18-15.
■RROAD andH.iflnsIliitf Hn»ciief*. Fnrsni
J> I.v WRIGHT & HPE l SON.
F.EIP SHI! % H»i, CutiyCombs, Apsides
O and Shovels. For Huh-hv
u RIGHT iV S TETSON.
c I ’M ia Locks suid wiimIow Sprinirs*
O Foi sine I.v \\ RIGHT Sc. S I 1.1 M»,\,
HtiWhi Irons, siimI
WRIGHT Sc STETSON.
I KTTEll PAPER—V fine article, Foi rail b\
WIlHill T Sc STETSON. *
/lO I TO|\ ( and Ploif^h l iticx
V forMnlaby WRIGHT <5 STETSON.
si'/.F, l.lmnnnl Suit. A few
reeeiicd ai d foi sale bv
WRIGHT .V- STETSON.
Nov. 25, 1845. II
2Bir®gj»m8 2 2 2
Mli IT HOOT AMU
rum:. \ !1 perHitit. pnrrliH.hig
1 .t * .. ell t*. cive u call, uk
lire .!. termm**’l ti, -**11 CIIKAP.
E..IU1X VMJFIl & (to.
. U.tBIS. 3 it
WiXIIBUK.V & VVILBIOEC.
S IV I \ !\ Ail, 44 I
JOSEPH WASHBURN, JOHN R. WILDER.
Aug. 12. 46 26
MAI ON, Ga.
rn II F. Subscriber, in annouueiiig to his friend* and the pith-
I lie, by whom he Ins been no liberally puIroni-ed. hi*
Fontiiiueueeof the above Eelahlirtlimeiit beg* leave to assure
them ol hi* determination to>11*1,101 the well e.«lahliehed rep-
utaiion ofliis house. Instead of falling off, then shall be a
progressive improvement ; ami il a liberal outlay, a
well furnished tuble, with every delieacy this ami other mar*
siirplv; clean beds, comlbrtahle rooms, ntieclive
and the will to please ami nccoinodatn will merit
patronage lie expects to obtain it. B. S. NEWCOMB-
.Oct. 7, 1845. 11— tl
ASULKSiT A UIO.1lATAItl,
ATTOliMES AT LAW,
Will practise, in till the Counties of the
anil ns i
Motile < ■
• lie pan
V:i3iutl>!<* Hotel lor Sale.
'THE undersigned is desirous of *p|lin»r his
l uge and cominodiuti* HOTEL at Knoxvili.
t’rawford eoitniv. AMaclied to the premises a
good out houses, stable*, hack lots, guldens. Sic.
> lltoel i* the only one in the village of
is on tin* main road fiom Macon to Colombo* and
erv, Ala., the t iisioin given ills much belle
els, in villug, s dilfereutlv situated. Term*, to suit
% f-rd •
. Nov. 21. 1815.
AptilaGticolti,Flu., July, INI5.
r |NHE undersigned Mill continue to lrati*act a GlvNER (I.
I COMMISSION BUSINESS at APALACHICOLA
mdor the firm of
BIOW A tl BS <V leUTlIl lei'UKB.
'IT*Tbev have also determined to establish a COMMIS
SION HOUSE at NEW OI(I.E\ NS, the eo*uing season
■vliere one of tin* firm will always be foun I. Their personal
-ttentiviu will be given to nil business wuk which they ma\
a* entrusted. The u»nnl luUauces will bu made upongood
ti stnro or Cotton consist 1 ‘
Yll \< KER B. HOWARD.
ADOLPHUS S. KU THF.RFORD.
mere q'lestioti of title to a strip ol land on the P
Cificcoaat. It was the |gren( questimi of R*j)nhii*
Chtiiain on the one one side, and the question of
Monui'chy, absohiP* or limited, on the other. Dia*
Ruise it as wo nii^ht, il resolved itself into litis.—
When it came, he was r ady to meet it—not us a
member of this or that party—hut as a citizen of
the United States. He disapproved of the resolu
tions however. He was for leaving the matter lo
the Lx- eouve, wlm was the responsible agent of
the count ry,I" recommend such measures as in his
judgment lie might deem necessary to protect our
lights to Oregon, or to defend our citizens there or
elsewiieie. He thought, however, that the mattei
should still he left in the hands of the President, in
whom, so far as the management of our foreign re
lations was concerned, he had the fullest confidence.
Ilo might, indeed. diiF*r, and did differ, most wide,
ly from the President and the Democratic party,
in r-'gard to domestic questions, but, upon this sub
ject, the people of the United States hud but one
He was followed by Mr. Allen of Ohio, in de
fence of the resolutions, and of the ground taken
t>y Gen. Cass, who introduced them. He showed
that there was nothing in them novel or extraordi
nary. That the stale of'the negotiations upon tin*
Oregon question called for the most decided action
on our part. That in a similar crisis, in reguid
the Northeastern boundary. Congress placed a«
t e discretion of tno President, fifty thousand
men and ten millions of money. And. for himsult.
lie was willing to assume the responsibdity ol ink
inn the highest ground upon this subject, whicn the
nature ol the case seemed to demand. He rejoice-
ed to hear the sentiment advanced hy th** Senator
from North Carolina, that when the final step wan
taken, thul thete would not be an anlLwnr man in
the Union. He Imped it would he so. And tl,
indeed, ii were true, we should be able toe pe sue
c»*8sfully, not only with Great Britain, but with the
whole hosts of royally which opposed themselves
to Republican piogio*.
.Mr. Arener,of Va., followed in opposition to tin
ml »p\ion of the tesotuiions at this time ; ulinmigl
lie said, it pressed to a decision now, ho altouiu
vn|i* in favor of them, i In considered il an untie
pessary display of patriotism, to introduce them in
suc'i haste, even lietore the committee was appoint
eu to whom they were to he referred.
Geo, Cass rose to reply, when a message fron
the 11 oust* unnoonci d th<* death of Mr. Prjtnn nt
Peunesxee, and the .Senate adjourned. Gen. Cuss,
ha** of course, the fi.mr to day when lie will proha.
bly reply to so much as has been said in nppositioi
to his resolution, and fortify them still .stronger hy
tin* vast resources of his experience and well stor
ed mind, and the prompting* ol that true A meric
feeling——that ardent and pure patriotism—whicn
have so much distinguished him.
But it is understood that Col. Benton intends to
idler a resolution at once to authorise the arming
and "quipping two hundred thousand men, and to
hold them in readiness for any emergency. This,
n is suid he desires to do without argument or blus
ter ; but in the spirit, wh ch "asks for nothing but
wliat is right, and submits to nothing that is
[CORRV.SPONDENCR OK I'M K B \L ri MORE AMERICAN.]
UNI I El) ST A I cs SENA'I E.
THE NATIONAL DEFENCES—OREGON.
Washington, Dec. 16.
'Pile Senate then proceeded to the unfinished bu.
siness of yesterday, being the resolutions of eu
qiiry into the condition and force of the Army. Na
vy and M Hit in, heretofore offered hy Mr. Cuss.
Tim following are the Resolutions:
Resolved. Tim* the Commit lee uu Miduirv
Affairs lie instructed to inquire into the condition
oftlie iiaiiotiai lortdicatimis and of their rmameut*;
ami whether other dofeii*ive works are neeensnry;
and into ihe condition and quantity of the military
supplies And into tin* stu e of tin* means po^essed by
the Government for the defence of the country.
Resolved. Tliut the Committee on the Militia he
instructed lo inquire into the present condition of
tiiat great branch of the public service and into (lie
slate oftlie militia law ; and tliut they Im furlh*r
instructed to reyurt sucli changes in the existing
system as will give mure experience and efficiency
to that arm nf defence, and will place it in the best
condition for proteC iug the country, should il be
exposed to foreign invasion.
Resolved, That the Committee on Naval Affair*
be instructed lo inquire into the condition id’the
navy oftlie United 8 ales and into the quantity a*d
Condition ot sunplie* now on hand, and wuether an
merea.se of thorn is not necessary to the efficient
operaion oftlie envy, mid to its preservation and
augmentation, and generally into its capacity for
defending our coast and our commerce, and for
any service the exigencies of the country tuny
were il not for the remarks of the mover of
the resujiuiou.*. If he understood the Senator cor*
rectly he staled yesterday that if we gave Great
Britain the twelve mouths* notice—and In- thought
we ought to give it—that war was inevitable.
Mr. Cass rose to explain that what lie did any
was that if Great Britain continued her jurisdiction
over I lie country after the expiration of the twelve
months notice, and he believed she would. War
was inevitable. **h is my onininn,** said Mr C.,
that we are upon the verge of a war—no* mime
diately, but ut the expiration oftlie twelve months*
Mr. Crittenden resumed and deprecated the ef
fect which such remaiks must have upon the husi-
and commercial prosperity of the country,—
For his own part he could not bring his mind to
Ihe belief that war could take place between two
h enlightened nations a* England and America.
If we are upon the path of war let us march silent
y and firmly upon the path* It we are to give the
notice requited hy tne Convention.as I presume we
Ido not well see how we can avoid it. let us
iir ino ieratiou and forbearance, nod extend
Die period of notice lo two years instead of one.—
By this we shall show our strong desire for peace.
Mr. Webster *nid that although u did ur uppenr
to him that the resolutions ch .ig* thu Comini<he*
with tne execution of any new duties, in-v»*ilhele*s
1‘ogretled tiieir iotlo'luciiou accompanied by the
remarks ol (he honorable Senator Lum Micnigau.
Every unnecessary alarm about thu state ol the
public peace is a great evil and is severely felt upon
Die busin *s of the country. Mr. W. did nut ap
prehend war liinnetf. nor did he think from the
Message of the President, that he had any such up.
nrehrtMon. There are two ways, said he, in which
the Government may proceed—we may create
great alarm and apprehension of war without pre.
paring for it- -or we may proceed in quiet steady,
statesmanlike way to prepare ourselves to meet war
should it come.
Mr. Sevier followed, and said his opinion was
that we should have war. and he would no'., as wig
gested by the Senator from Massachusetts, “keep
dark,” but would speak to England in a louder key
thuu lo tiny other nation upon the face of the earth.
England never yielded her pretentions when other
nations showed the slightest disposition to submit to
them. Me. Mr. S. was in favor of giving her
twelve morphs'notice nod at tin* expiration of that
time to take possession of the whole territory umi
maintain it by •'gunpowder.**
Mr. Berrien followed in a speech of much ability.
In which he went into the merits ot the Oregon
question and maintained that as the negotiation
had commenced in a spirit of compromise, it should
ho continued in the same spirit. He did not con
sider the negotiation ut an end—and if the twelve
mouths' notice was to he given, tie would prefer
Dial it should be jjiven by Great Britain iu*teud of
this eou try, which womd place us in a more la-
vorahl" pii'iliou before Die nations ol the world.
Alter In ft her debate the resolutions were uiiuti
[COR.HESPO.NDE.NCK OF Til K CHARLESTON MKHCVRY.]
Washinuton City. Dee. 16
You will perceive from tin* report of the two
las’ d lys proceedings in Die Senate, that the wings
are trying to outbid the Democrats oil the war
question, uil men of ali parties boiling over wdiii
patriotism and love of country, and devotion to
her interests and honor. W hat will most surprise
reflect eg men, however, will be the unanimous
vote given in the Senate to day fir Gen. Ca*s' ies-
o utioiis. which look to the almost certainty of a
w ir. Tim truth of Die matter is—li*gui*e it as
you may—that the steps now being taken, are tn.
ken us moves in a grand political game, in which
the politicians are the gnuieMer.*, the people the
instrument) to he played wuii, and the offices in
iheir gilt, llm prizes which are contended for. 'This
i* tiieiru" • x,'lampion of the course taken in the
Senate. It is not because Senators are so especi*
ally anxious lor tlm honor of their country that
this unanimous vote inis been given, but it is be*
cause some of tint Democratic Senators want to
make political capital out of a war lever, and u
w ar if necessary and if tlie Whigs w ill oppose th ir
measures, they will raise a hue nod cry against
them, and cast odium upon them ns li irvford Con*
ventiomds, &c. The Whigs on their pari urc de
termiued that they will not be put in tint position,
and hence n« the Democrat!* have a majority, and
will have the responsibility, the Whigs have re
solved that Hie Democrats shall m»t have tno credit
of proposing a war measure for the sake of obtain*
iug popularity, with the hope that the Whig* wLl
oppose them, and l»y nn union with u portion oftlie
Democrats possibly defeat them, and so they have
the honor of proposing without the responsibility
their rn nsures would impose if successful, while at
ihfMum* time, thu Whigs would load th»n»fvlY#«
wi It the odium of opposition to measures declared
to be necessary lo the honor of tho country. The
Whig* have therefore, del 'rnnned not to oppose
tuu measures proponed by Democratic Senators
with this view, but to ullow them to pH** and tel tho
party in the majority have the responsibility which
will attach to these measures. The probability
'licreforc, appears to increase evt ry day, that we
shall speedily be involved in u war.
Washington Dec. 17,
U. S. SENATE.
On motion of Mr. Haywood, the Senate pro*
corded to the orders oftlie day, being the election
of the membeis of the Standing Committee* not
yet balloted for. The following was the result :
Commerce—Messrs. Dix, Sevier, Johnson of
Md., and Davis,
Manufactures—Sturgeon, Simmons, Colquitt
Agriculture—Semple. Phelps, Turney and Cor
Mdiinry Afiiirs—Hannegnn, Cri’.teu-en, Dix
At this *!ttgo of the proceedings. Mi, A en
said he had just received a subpoena to alien i the
Supreme Court, and therefore a*ki d the unuui.
uious consent of the Senate t•» allow him to intro
duce his resolution to authorize ihe Pie*ident to
give notice to Grout Britain ol the termination of
die j'lint occupancy of die Ore gon Territory
Mr. Webster suid the Senator from Ohio
ought first to ask permission oftlie Senate o obey
Ho* summons of the Court. This whs the ususl
practice, and he therefore mov d I hut the Seuutor
have leave' which was agreed lo.
Mr. Allen then ri*»i*ivml Ills request, which
b-itijr objected lo hy Mr. Haywood, was nut
I he Senate then proceeded in tlie linllot.
Niivnl Affairs—Cameron, Diekiinun. Lew and
Militia—B trrow, Fairfield, Semple and West-
Public. Luwls—Speight, Wood bridge. Ashley
Priratr Luntl Claims—J irnegaii,Semple Wuod-
hriiign and IViinybhcIter.
Indian Affairs—B.iglty, Pnolps, Ashley ami Jar*
Claims—rVnnvhncker, J. M. Clayton, Turney
and Johnson ol' Md.
Judiciary—Bree.e, Berrien, VVesScoll and Web-
Revftlulionnry Claims — Humiegan, T. Clayton
Co'q in n nl Greene.
Post Office and Post Roals—Sturgeon, and
Simmons, Sfinph* and D iyloii,
Roads and Canals—Lewis, Corwin, Sturgeon
Pensions—Ashley, Pearce, Atchison and Bar
District of Columbia—Breese, Jenness, Miller
and Johnson, Md.
Patents and Patent Office—Ilanncgan, Plielpf,
Stui g»*on and Lew i*.
Contingent Expenses of the Semte— Breese, und
Public Buildings—Dayton nod Bright.
Printing—(‘h'lmers and Upborn.
Retrenchment—Atherton. Momhend Dickinson
Territories—^Cameron, Evan9, Chalmers and
Engrossed bills—Chaim?ra and Jurnegan.
Joint Committee on the Library—Pearce, of Md.
Lewis ami Chalmers.
California.—Wo Imvo placed before our road-
eis rumor** from different sources, which seem to
leave litth* doubt that one of the prim ipul objects
ol the mission of Mr. Slidell to Mexico was to pro*
seeuto u negotiation for the annexation of another
foreign territory to the United Slates. The New
York “Morning News” of Tuesday supplies soino
particuiats of the proposed negotiation, which, con
sidering the relation of that paper to the Adininis.
‘ration, are supposed to he of some authenticity.
We therefore place them before our readers, us
follow*, italicising w!mt appear to us to be the ma
tt rial points:—Nat. Ini.
•*California,—It seems to he understood that Mr.
Slidell, our new Minister to Mexico, L fully author
ized to arrange our boundary wi;h that Republic
upon the mo»t lihcrtd (outing. Hi* powers in this
respect air believed *o bo so extensive that under
t urn he may negotiate a transfer lathe U States of
the right of Mexico to Upper California. 'Flits
would probably be t domed by making our line lot*
tow tne course ot the Kio Gram's del Norte from
ti Gulf oi Mexico unlit i> n aches me thirty sec
ond degree of north latitude, i.ud iliri. ttin westward
on that parallel to the Pacific ocean,'* Of course
'licit a result will not he hr* ngt t shout without a
handsome compensation to Mexico bo her telici.
qmshmeiD of territory. Our nuim against her for
| indeoinificuiidti to our ci'tZHti* is now very large,
I and no way is so likely as this >o secure its full and
j immediate satisfaction. Indeed so far lis the con
sideration which we may give her is bn Inured by
tins account, it may he said to be nothing: for if wh
give Mexico the fullest credit for good will in the
premises, her dint meted und irupovi robed condi.
Iton warrants but a siigm hope Dial she will very
speedily pay us in money.''
Mexican Indemnity.—We find in the New
York Tribune u letter from Gen. Santa Ana to
Charles Cullnghum, Esq., merchant of Dint city,
widen co.tiro •« the following parages respecting
the missing Mexican instalment*:
Havana, 19th Nov. 1845.
The instalments were most punctually paid, in
ready cash, during the time I was at ihe head of
Government. But, as on the BUili of April of last
y««i, i had withdrawn from public business and re.
tired to my farms, and us bom the Constitution and
mv character did not allow th« Presidonv to min*
g e in putiiic affairs during absence, I confined my
self to recommending the payment to the President
pro tempore. General Valentin Canalize, audio the
Minister ot Fjiiauce, Dun Ignacio Trigueroa ; sod
when the oilier instalment of Juv 30, of which you
.peak, expired, havn g then resumed mv lln c Mint*
l d'Ctutod nil iho uecHsinrv measures, and j os’DVt*.
Iv ordered tho Secretary of tho Tr«a*ury iQinnktt
I Ihe payment in spt cio accoidh g to my on-trior
I provisions ; so that, if. in defiance of my orders,
I the payment was made in hdls oi df ills, that func*
tiouary violated his duties by disobeying my com*
round : ami the agent Dun Erniliio Ywi waa nut