The Savannah Daily Herald.
8. W. MASON AND 00.
SAVANNAH, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, ISCS.
A Word to the Georgians. —The authen
tic and most emphatic intelligence brought
by the latest steamers, which conclusively
proves the Union Armies victorious,
and the strategy of their leaders, a complete
success—which shows r that Jeff- Davis is des
perate, that even Gen. Lee is dismayed, and
that both unite with the other chiefs of the
Rebellion in asking now for Peace,should de
monstrate to every devotee of the Confed
erate heresy, the utter folly of further op
position to its inevitable fate.
To slightly paraphrase “ Macbeth ,”
Rebellion “j» in hie grave;
Alter li.e's fiuui lever, lie sleeps * *
Treason ha* done his worst: nor steel, nor poison,
Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothin*,
Can touch him further!"
The Confederate cause is dead and the
funeral ceremonies are rapidly preparing.—
It can no more be resurrected into active life
Aside from the undeniable signs of Its
pending decease which have for months been
most obtrusively evident to us here iu Amer
ica, the most notorious evidence of foreign
appreciation of the demise of the rebel cause,
is the utter extinction of that most curiou*
financial iufatuation known as the “Confed
Up to the arrival of the last steamer at
Liverpool from New York, the so-called “se
curities” of the South have commanded some
sort of a price—for some time, it is true, that
price has been very insignificant, but still
the Confederate Bonds have been recognized
in dealings on “’Change, " and have had a
regular standing, such as it was, in financial
transactions. The latest advices from Eng
land, however, show that the Confederatt
Loan has been entirely dropped from stock
quotations—that it is, in fact, recognized on
ly as one among the many futile specula
tions of the past; the phlegmatic Briton*
have all made up their minds to charge the
whole transaction to “Profit and Loss,” and
bear the “Loss” as philosophically as they
Thus floats away, the last, the very last
plank to which the Confederate leaders have
cIUDg. Months ago they gave up all thought
of success by military strength, and have
•ince rested their only hope of national sal
vation on Foreign recognition—and now that
chance is gone, all is gone.
And now a few words to those cf Confede
rate predilection who remain at their homes
in this or other Btates. Take one careful
glance, by the aid of common sense, and in
the light of the latest developed military facts
at the present condition of the cause iu which
the South so rashly embarked, and then do
not stultify yourselves by going deliberately
to the bottom with a sinking ship.
There is never any disgrace iu surrender
ing when all hops of success is gone—no
true soldier refuses to lay down his arms
when he is surrounded and has no other
chance for life —and none but a
maniac, or a suicide will continue to resist
when out-generalled and hopelessly outhum
To admit the defeat of the Confederate
cause is simply to admit a truth as demon
strable as that tho world is round, and it
will be better, far better, infinitely better, to
gracefully acknowledge a fact which is in
controvertible, aud then to" claim tlie clem
ency of tbe Government which has so
grandly vindicated its strength and its right
eousness, than to-still make a feeble pretence
of holding out against a power which must
inevitably crush all and everything which
strives to stand before it.
Georgians! far be it from us to counsel you
to any act inconsistent with manliness, with
fairness to the cause you once mistakenly
espoused, or with the" truest patriotism to
your country. But, an early aud quiet rec
ognition of an authority which must and will
be eventually acknowledged as supreme iu
the land, may do much to save, houses and
land 9 to the proper owners, and to re-unite
long-separated families under tlie venerated
roof-trees of many a loved old homestead.
Nov would we urge thin as the most power
ful plea—we would act forth as the most po
tent instigating power, your own convictions
for we believe there are few of you who are
bo prejudiced as not to be now, at last, con
vinced in your inmost souls, of tho folly and
wickedness of those men who led you and
yours iuto all these troubles, and who have
brought th : s great sorrow ou so lovely a
country, and to the weeping hearts which
own so many beaut'ful homes.
And, Ltdies of the South! You, we know
have been and still are, most potent in keep
ing alive the feeling which has coat us all so
dearly. It needs only your voices to give
us Peace at once.
But if you still persist in urging on these
soldiers who will ever be most ready to go
where your inspiring words shall point, and
to do deeds, the sweet reward of which shall
be your smiles, who can say when we
shall have pervading Peace ?
But Ladies, believe us, it is now time to
thank your Cavaliers, who have truly made
a most noble fight in the eyes of all the
world to release them now from their knight
ly vows, and to join your efforts with theirs
and ours in restoring once more the ineffable
blessings and joys of Peace over all our broad
land from the East to the West, and from
th* hitbeat North throughout all the South.
Col. Jcxian Allan —This gentleman, well
known to the people of Savannah as the
agent through whose exertions the necessi
ties of the city at and after the time of its
occupation by the U#ted States forces, were
made known at the North and by whose
hands the offerings of New York and Boston
and other generous cities, were dispensed
from their bounteous stores to our straitened
inhabitants, is about to leave Savannah for
New York, sailing from Hilton Head in the
steamer Fulton, on her next voyage.
Col. Julian Allen is of Polish birth, and
feeling the bond of sympathy with the Sa
vannahans in this veneration for his great
compatriot Count Pulaski, gladly seized an
early opportunity to do them service. Arriv
ing iu Savannah in December last, Colonel
Allen immediately aet on foot measures
for the alleviation of the want and
distress which prevailed among many
classes of the community. With the deli
cacy. tact, and kindly frankness which
mark the true gentleman, he made his Inves
tigations, and became conversant with the
nature and extent of the destitution and suf
fering among the people of the surrendered
city. At the request of Gen. Sherman him
self Col. Allen then returned to the North
upon his mission. Ho applied to the lead
ing merchants of the great cities, and enlist
ed in his cause the writers and eloquent
speakers of the day, among whom was Edw.
Everett, whose last public effort, it will be
remembered, was an appoal in Fauuell Hall
for the poor of Savannah. Contributions
flowed in from all quarters. Col. Allen had
struck a responsive cord in the hearts of the
Northern people. It was one of opportuni
ties for which all had waited to testify their
still warm attachment to their Southern
countrymen, and the free gifts were many in
number aud noble in amount. Arrangements
were likewise made to barter the Ric3 of Sa
vannah and vicinity in exchange for the
necessaries of lifa. The whole plan workod
successfully. Ths goods were brought to
Savannah with the least possible delay, and
the City Stores were established. These
places were establishments from which
goods of various kinds requisite for the sus
tenance and comfort of all classes wore dis
pensed at charges which were literally re
duced to tbo cost price of the articles iu
New York. Os course, the free distribution
of gratuitous food was entirely distinct from
Col. Alleu gave freely his time and labor,
refusing to accept a salary or a commission.
He goes heuco, having fairly won the re
spect, esteem and love of the citizens, who
take great pleasure in commending him to
the courtesies of their Northern friends.
First Provost Court. —The U. 8. Court
Room iu the Custom House Building, was
visited by a large number of persons to
listen to the case of the United States vs.
Johu Ryan, charged with treasonable prac
tices iu sending nogroes into the rebel lines
and there hiring them out to the so-called con
federacy. A large number of witnesses were
examined for prosecution and defence. Mr.
Ryan made an able defence. Judge Parsons,
in consequence of the offence being of a
most serious nature, referred it to a special
The next case in order was that of Wm.
J. Hunt, by his attorney David R. Dillon, vi.
John Ryan, charged with having wrongful
possession of a piece of personal property
belonging to plaintiff. The amount of the
(•lftlm was laid at SIBOO, and allowed.
Judge Parsons appointed Messrs. Isaac
D. Laßocho and George W. Wylly a Board
of Appraisers to determine the value of the
fixtures of a barber-shop, belonging to Wm.
J. Hunt on Brvau street.
A few orders passed and
granted was the balance of business trans
Contributions for tub Chicago Sanitary
Commission Fair.— ln tho “Ancient City of
Oglethorpe” are many valuable relics of the
strangers of the first revolution, by which on
many gory battle-fields our fathers won
their National Independence and Instituted
this great and good government. There are
also many relics of the wars of 1812, tho
Semihole wav and tho Mexican war. In tho
war for our independence we captured many
guns at Yorktown, one of which was pre
sented to the Chatham Artillery of Savannah,
aud we bfclieve that should proper steps be
laken, this piece of ordnance cau bo found.
It would b» a valuable acquisition to the
The guns, its carriage, etc., can easily Ire
placed in good order to be forwarded All
contributions that are of a light portable
character will be received by the Rev. B. F.
Rogers, at the Scriven House Hospital. The
articles will Improperly labeled and prompt
The Quiet c y Bat Street Disturbed
Last night the quiet of Bay street was dis
turbed by two discharges of the revolver of
the night watch. Our reporter was prompt
ly on the spot for an item, and found the
Watchman had in charge a gallant tar, who
had come ashore on leave. Jack’s skin
was well filled with "blue rum,” and he was
taken to quarters where he could enjoy the
benefit for ihe night of a soft plank instead of
At the late attack on Fort Steadman and
duiing the subsequent battle, President
Lincoln, Gen. Giant, and Gen. Lee were on
the field in person..
Some dozen of the lßt Florida (Union)
cavalry were captured while on a raid last
week. One of them named Dean was iden
tified as a deserter from the rebels, and was
to be shot on Sunday at Baldwin.
Several torpedoes have been picked up in
the Bt. Johns river, near where the Harriet
Weed was sunk. A boat’s crew from the
Norwich picked up four one night last week.
On the morning of the 18th, a force under
Col. Marple, 84th U. S. C. TANARUS., proceeded by
land to McGirt's Creek, about 7 mile* up the
St. Johns river, to protect the working party
engaged in raising the steamer St. Mary,
sunk by the rebels some two years ago.
The force consisted of the 34th U. 8. C. TANARUS.,
only lately returned from South Carolina,
where it formed part of Gen. Hatch's divis
ion. One company of the 35th .U. 8. C. TANARUS.,
company H, of the 3d U. S. followed
the above mentioned troops on the steamer
Hattie Brook with throe field pieces, which,
as the whole regiment is drilled as artillery,
they will be sure to handle pretty smartiy,
if need should be. As it was to be feared
that the rebels had got wind of the intention
to raise the steamer, the night before the ex
pedition left, two negro soldiers belonging to
the 3d, and one of them a native of Florida,
were sent out to ascertain whether Dicken
son, the guerilla chief, had occupied the
place. But they found nobody there, so that
the work could begin without trouble. If
we should succeed to raise her, sha probably
will prove a valuable acquisition, being
known as one of the best steamers iu these
parts. She is of the “Savannah” pattern,
tin clad, but has no walking beam. In three
or four days,l understand, Capt. Bennett ex
pects to have her afloat again.
The enemy’s cavalry showed themselves
on the morning of the 21st, at McGirts Creek,
but left very soon and very quick af tor the
exchange of a few shots, numbering some
few men less than when they came. Some
13 or 15 men of the Florida Cavalry were
aont out tbo other day to hunt up horses, but
only half of thorn came back, aud it is not
known whether the rest deserted or were
General Scammon has made some changes
in his staff. Capt, Moore, Chief Quartermas
ter having been ordered to report to Major
Thomas, Chief Quartermaster of the Depart
ment of tue South. Capt. Hart, 3d U. 8. C.
TANARUS., has been appointed Quartermaster of the
District, and Ist Lieut. Jas. Stover, Depot
Quartermaster. Ist Lieut. T. R. Hatfield is
Chief Signal Officer,, instead of Lieut. T. C.
Vidal, who accompanied General Hatch, as
Chief Signal Officer, aud holds this position
now in the Northern District. Col. B. C.
Felghman, 3d U. 8. C. TANARUS., has, by orders
from the Hoadquarters of the Department,
assumed command of tbo Post of Jackson
ville, aud Major Henry Alleu, 17th Conn., of
the Post of St. Augustine.
Second Provost Court. —There was but a
limited amount of business offered yesterday
for the consideration ot Judge Walton.
Ann Gordon vs. Henry Tow, recovery of
rent. The defendant is allowed two weeks
to vacate the premises.
Mrs. Mary Marshall, vs. G. W. Craft, or
dered that G. W. Craft pay S2O per month
for the store, corner of Broughton and Bar-
V. R. Wilkor, vs. E. H. Smith, Company
D, 137th New York Volunteers. Recovery
of a colt. Case postponed until further
F. Ruckhert,petitioner. Permission is here
by granted to, aud authority given to peti
tioner, to charge $45 per year, payable
monthly, for rent of a lot situated in Jones
street, the property of plaintiff.
Alexander Carley, vs. Ben. Malette,
keeping a disorderly house and harbor
ing women of bad character therein.
Ordered,that the defendant live with his law
ful wife, and turn all or any other woman
from his house. This man is about 35 years
old, and seems to have adopted the principles
of Brigham Young, and to go in for a plu
rality of wives.
Nichols Smart vs. Peter Laurens, unlawful
occupation of a house. Ordered the case bo
postponed until orders can be received from
General Grover to the effect that Mrs. Ander
son have authority to collect rents on Im
Permission was granted to John Debcnger
(colored) to sell a houso on East Boundary
street, and lot No. 15 Carpenters Row, 22 1-1
feot in length, 13 feet in width, and an 8 feet
shed, with tho oonsent of John L. Ilanght,
on whose property the house stands.
Eloby Green vs. John R. Barnwell—claim
to recover her child (Gabriel) from defen
dant Ordered, That the defendant shall act
as trustee for the child, and that the child
shall remain with defendant until such time,
if ever, as Gabriel shall declare himself
willing to live with bis mother Kleby Green.
Upon such declaration, Mr. Baruweil will at
ouce permit the child to leave his custody.
This trusteeship to be with the understand
ing that defendant shall educate and teach
the child a trade. Eleby Green, tho mother,
will be permitted free access to the child.
Thelh'iou officers in the Richmond prisons
have regaled themselves during the pas
winter upon roasted rats, caught in their
cells, and toasted before the stove. “ Roast
rat ” was said to be a not unsavory addition
to the prison ration.
To Carpenters.— See the advertisement ot
Mr. James C. Blance, who can give immedi
LORD JOHN ACSIBLL. OK T*tE PRIK
■ CIPLE OF INTERVENTION.
The British Secretary for Foreign Affairs
having published anew edition of his “Es
say on the History of the English Govern
ment and Constitution,” has taken occasion
to clear up the obscurity which he observes
rests on the doctrine of Intervention.
Much of this obscurity, he observes, arises
from the double sense in which the term is
The usual and more proper meaning of the
term intervention is interference in the in
ternal affairs of other nations. The new and
less accurate application oi the term is to all
interference in the disputes of independent
nations. The tormer is the sense in which
intervention took place by Austria, Prussia
and Russia in the internal affairs of Pied
mont and of Naples in the year 1821, and by
France and the Northern Powers, in the in
ternal affairs of Spain, in the year 1823.
The incorrect use of the term is, when it
is applied to the interference prompted by
Mr- Canning hi the year 1826, when England
interposed, as she was bound by treaty to do,
in the defence of the independence of Portu
gal. It is obvious that great confusion would
arise from using the same term, and applying
the same argument to the two kinds ol inter
ference. All public writers have declared
that a nation has ‘the right to settle its own
form of government, provided it does not
injure other nations iu its doing
so: just as every householder may regulate
his own house, provided he does not cause a
nuisance to the neighborhood. * * *
But the case would "be quite different if when
a great power attacks a small independent
State with a view’ to conquest, other powers
were as a rale to remain quiescent.
Iu that case, we may be sure that two con
sequences would follow : First, that there
would soon remain none but great powers;
and secondly, that all those great powers
would have a despotic form of government,
no other beiug endurable iu the eyes of
mighty sovereigns in the command of nu
merous and formidable armies. Such was,
iu fact, the danger which threatened Europe
both before aud after the great catastrophe
of 1814. Against such dangers all free and
independent nations are bound to make pro
vision. Such provision in favor of the weak
er Slates is, in fact, the system called the
balance of power, which all European na
tions conceive themselves bound to regard in
their treaties and acquisitions. It does not
follow, however, that in every case of in
vasion with a view to interference in the
internal con coins of a State, neutral powers
are bound to resist the invader. * * *
Two causes have of late years excited to a
veiy bigh degree the public sympathy; nor
cau it be denied that public sympathy was
rightly bestowed. The cause of Poland, so
cruelly conquered and so treacherously used
in the first partition, must alwaj’s commend
itself to thy heart of a generous nation.
Lord Johu Russell in the above remark
states that the system called the Balance of
Power all European nations conceive them
selves bound to regard in tbeir treaties and
acquisitions. Now apply this principle to the
conduct of the great Powers, and how will
they stand the test. On a very recent occa
sion Savoy was annexed to Franco, a part
of whoso territorial possession it had been
for upwards of three centuries.—
On no better plea than that France
claims tho Rhine as part of the “natural fron
tier” of France has Savoy been annexed to
the French empire. Why was this annexa
tion permitted by the other Great Powers ?
Lord Johu Russell formed part of the admin
istration by which it was permitted. Was
not Savoy as much entitled to the protection
of tho Great Powers, as Belgium which is
on the other side of the Rhine ? Would it lie
any more just to incorporate Belgium with
tlie French territory on the principle that
the Rhine forms a natural fionticr, than the
annexation of Savoy, between which and
France there is neither river nor mountain ?
yet England permitted the annexation, if not
without remonstrance, at least without the
attempt, effectually to interpose.
Lord John Russell in avowing hi3 distinc
tion between the two,kinds of Intervention,
alluded to the first partition of Poland, when
France and England could have prevented
the most disgraceful dismemberment of ter
ritory that ever took place in Europe; but
he keeps carefully out of view the violation
in the case of Poland of the treaty of
Vienna, by which Warsaw was erected into
an independent republic, while lie brings
prominently forward the last desperate effort
of Poland to recover its independencies.
In fact, this whole doctrine of the balance
of power lias been devised for the benefit of
the Great Powers. When they find it con
venient to interpose, they raise a cry that
the equilibrium of Europe is endangered,
and that the feeble Btates must be defended
against the most powerful; but when a pro
tracted and expensive contest is likely to
follow intervention, the principle is held in
abeyance, to bo brought into operation at the
dictate of policy or interest. * * *
Savannah Theatre.— A pleasing bill of
three farces attracted a good house at the
Theatre last evening. The versatile powers
of Mr. Davenport and Miss Florence La
fond and the holiest efforts of the excellent
stock company, kept the house in a continued
state of hilarity. Au attractive bill is offer
ed again this eveniug.
ISweatnam's Varieties.—' The opening of
Mr.Sweatnam’snew Theatre is now positive
ly announced for Thursday evening. The
unavoidable postponement of the opening
night of the "Varieties,” though a disap
pointment to the public, and a source of
much regret to Mr. Sweatnam, has only
given a keener zest to the anticipations with
which the inauguration of this new series
of entertainments is awaited.
Notice to Travellers.— The steamer U.
S. Grant, Captain Dobbs, for Hilton Head,
will leave at ten o'clock this morning.
A Word to the Wise.—lt would seem
that no one could fail to see the importance
of taking every precaution against the spread
of sickness at this time. The community U
at present byuo means free from that dread
ed disease Small Pox, and it behooves every
one who has uot • been vaccinated, to
call at. once upon the officer in charge of
vaccination. P. W. Bigney, Assistant Sur
geon, 18th Ind. Vols., office west side Mont
gomery street, one door north of Jones. No
j charge is made.
Personal.— A very intelligent colored
man, holding the position of Major, arrived
per the United States steam transport Ful
ton on her last trip from New York.
Maximilian has not dismissed our consul at
Matamoras as reported Onr consul there
resigned last year, and the business has since
been done by commercial agents.
PULASKI HOU£K, APRIL 4,1905.
Geo McClure, New York.
Geo C Hall, New York.
Samuel Brackett, New York.
A Bessie, New York. •
C Woodworth, New York.
Charles Parsons, New York.
Chas A Fairchild. New York.
G H Williams, Washington, DO.
Frank Geise, Hiltou Head.
C H Fernalil, U S N.
A R Ostheira, Hilton Head.
Charles Center, Hilton Head.
John West, lUlton Head.
Edward Symons, Hilton Head,
PORT ROYAL HOTEL, HILTON HEAD APRIL 2.
G Hawn, Hilton Head.
L B Morehouse, Savannah.
E H Kirlin, Savannah
M R Flint, Savannah.
T F Washburn, Savannah
J Gettins, Savannah.
E H Clapp, Savannah.
W B Turtle, Savannah.
D Griswold, New York.
H M Puffer, Hilton Head, S C.
Mrs Col Ringoid, Hilton Head, S C.
J F Lewis, Hiltou Head, S C.
A Blanchard. Hilton Head, 8 C.
S F Slatteiy, Charleston, S C.
J T Garwood. Gen Prince’s Staff.
J J Mooney, Blair’s Landing.
H Moore, Blair’s Landing.
J Johnson, St. Helena, S C.
Lt A S Fitch, Blair's Landing.
C L Sullivan, New York.
PORT OF BAYANNAH, APRIL 4
Arrived—steamer U 8 Grant, Dobbs, Hilton Heal.
Cleared—steamer Edwin Lewis, Savage, Fort Pu
Lessee and Business Manager mkakt taooakt.
Director of Amusements a. h. uavkkpout.
Stage Manager t. j. bibsmk.
TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 6, 1885.
Will be presented the first time
THE GOLDEN FARMER.
The Golden Fanner Mr. Thos Weir
Jemmy Twitchcr Mr. T. J. Herndon
Harry Hammer Mr. J. W. earner
Old Mobb Mr. Sirouscu
William Harvey Miss Mande St. Leon
Officer Mr. Rodgers
Elizabeth Miss Florence Lafond
Louise Miss Hattie Lee
After which Mr. Carner in a Comic Song.
To conclude with
Timothy Toodles Mr. T. J. Herndon
George Acorn Mr. T. Weir
Charles Fenton Miss Mande St Leon
Farmer Acorn Mr. Simpson
Farmer Fenton Mr. Rodgers
Mrs. Toodles Mrs. Berrell
Mary Acorn Miss Elsie St. Leon
To morrow Evening,
IRELAND AS IT 18!
And a Favorite Farce.
Mr. T. WEIR will commence on Wednesday la *
series of favorite characters.
Notice.— ln future the doors will open at T and the
curtain rise at 8 o'clock precisely.
Box office open from 10 until 2 o'clock.
S3?-PRICES OF ADMISSION AS USUAL.
All bills musSbr presented weekly.
All persons having any claims for Fixtures
against the Billiard Rooms over Adams Express Ol
flee, must present the game on or before the fifth (sth)
dav of April.
aps JL O'MEARA & CO.
QEORGIA COUNCIL NO. 2.
A regular communlcaUon of this Council will he
held at their Hall This Evening at IX o’clock.
Companions in good standing are respectfully in
vited to attend. Bv order.
aps 1 D. H. GALLOWAY, Sec' y.
A bilding containing rooms for a small family with
store attached—must tie in a business portion of the
city. Apply at the Herald office. 1 apr4
HAY, CORN AND OATS, ,
Just received anu now landing fromisthooncr R
P. King. For sale by
aprS 3 S- N, GRAGG,
yt LOSING OUT.
The largo Stock of
COOTS AND SHOES,
TOBACCOS, In great variety,
BEE AND PORK, in half-hbla.,
The entire Stock will he sold,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
AT NEW YORK PRICES.
The public will find this the best opportunity to pur
chase yet offered in this market,
176 BROUGHTON STREET,
mar2l ts Next door to Sherlock's.
Riddell & murdock,
WHOLESALE AND bA'aIL DEALERS IN
SUTLERS' AND NAVAL STORES, DRY GOODS,
BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS,
Gentlemen's Flhnisul.su Goods, Ac.,
No. 6 Merchants' Row, Hilton Head, S. C. ,
w. a RIDDELL, [janio— tq a. j.nu*»ook.