SAVANNAH DATE! HERALD/
VOL. I—NO. 77.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING]
IB PUBLISHED BT
s. W. MASON «fc CO.,
At 111 Bat Street, Savannah, Georgia,
Per Copy Five Cents.
Per Hundred $3 50.
Per Year ..$lO 00.
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad
vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear in the evening without extra charge.
every style, neatly and promptly done.
[From our Extra of yesterday afternoon.']
NEWS OF THE WAR
LEE HAS SURRENDERED
TO GRANT I
ALL LEE’S OFFICERS AND MEN
Official Despatches from Secretary
THE FUEL. OFFICIAL CORRKSPON
DENCE BETWEEN GENS. GRANT
200 Guns to be Fired at Every
Military Post in the Country!
“ THE END DRAWS NXCtXX !”
PEACE liV SIGHT,
[Special Despatch to the Savannah Herald.]
Gen. Lee’s army has. surrendered. The
following are the despatches:
Washington, April 9—9 p. m.
To Major-General Dix, New York:
This department has received the official
report of the surrender this day of Gen. Lee
and his army, to Lieut. Gen. Grant, on the
terms proposed by Gen. Grant.
(Signed) Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.
Headq’ks, Armies N. V., April 9,1
4.3(t P. M. >
Hon. E. M. Stanton, Sec’ry of War :
General Lee surrendered the Army of
Northern Virginia this p. m., upon
the terms proposed by myself which are as
Rolls of all the officers and men to be made
in duplicate. One copy to be given to offi
cers designated by me, the other to be re
tained by such officers as you may designate.
The officers to give their individual paroleß
not to take up arms against the United States
until properly exchanged, and each company
or regimental commander to sign a like pa
rolefor the men of their commands.
The arms and artillery and public prop
perty to be packed and stacked, and turned
over to the officers appointed by me to re
ceive them. This will not embrace the side
arms of the officers, nor their private horses
or baggage. This done, each officer and
man will be allowed to return to their homes,
not to be disturbed by United States
authority so long as they observe their parole
and the laws and force where they may re
(Signed,) U. S. Grant,
Headquarters Army Northern Va.,
April 9th, 1865.
Lieut.-Gen. U. S. Grant, „
Comd’g U. S. Army:
General:—l have received your letter
of this date containing the terms
of the surrender of the army of Northern
Virginia. They are accepted. I will pro
ceed to designate the proper officers to carry
the stipulations into effect.
# Very respectfully,
your ob’t serv't,
R E. Lee, General.
"An arr ival at Charleston, from the North,
with dates to the 10th inst., gives a full ac
count of Lee’s surrender to Gen. Brant.
Secretary Stanton> has ordered 200 guns to
be fired from every military post in the coun
try, More particulars will soon be given.
J- H. Sears,
of the “New South.’”*
END OF THE REBELLION.
SURRENDER OF GEN. LEE AND
THE ENTIRE ARMY OF NOR
Two Soldiers in Council I
GLORY TO GRANT I
Full Details of the Terms of the
•WILD ENTHUSIASM OVER THE NEWS.
PEACE AT LAST! THANK GOD!
Prom our special correspondent at JHilton
Head, we have received a despatch giving
the points of news from the New York Her
ald of the 10th inst., just received at Charles
ton, S. C. This gives us the glorious news
of the surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee, with
his whole vast’army; all Cannon, Small Arms,
Ammunition Trains,Camp Equipage, Baggage
and all the equipments of an army of a hun
dred thousand men. Os course, this is but a
preliminary to a Speedy Peace.
Though we give all the official correspon
dence between Gens. Grant and Lee, with
other despatches, we shall have more fuH
particulars in a short time, when we propose
to issue still another “Extra."
(From an Extra from the Charleston Conner.]
The glorious news of the surrender of Gen.
Lee and the entire army of Northern Vir
ginia, to Lieut. Gen. Grant, is contained in
the New York papers of the 10th, for copies
of which we are indebted to Purser E. H.
Rockwell, of the steamer Oceanns. The fol
lowing are the official Orders and Correspon
dence as published.
Washington, April 9—lo p. m.
Ordered that a salute of*2oo guns be fired
at the Headquarters of every Army and De
partment, and at every Post and Arsenal in
the United States, and at the Military Acad
emy at West Point on the day of the receipt
of this Order, in commemoration of the sur
render of Gen. R. E. Lee and the Army of
Northern Virginia to Lieut. General Grant
and the forces under his command. Report of
the receipt and execution of this order to be
made to the Adjutant General, at Washing
(Signed) Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.
Clifton House, Va., April 9.
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War:
The following correspondence has taken
place between Gen. Lee and myself. There
ha 9 been no relaxation in the pursuit during
(Signed) U. S. Grant,
Gen. Grant to Gen. Lee.
•Gen. R E. Lee, commanding C. S. A.:—
General—The result of the last week must
convince you of the hopelessness of further
resistance on the part of the Army of
Northern Virginia in this struggle. I
feel that it is so, and regard it as
my duty to shift from myself the respon
sibility of any further effusion of blood, by
asking of you the surrender of that portion
of the Confederate States’ Army known as
the Array of Northern Virginia.
Your obedient serv’t,
(Signed) U. S. Grant,
Lt. Gen., Comd’g Annies of the U. S.
Gen. jfjEE to Gen. Grant :
Gbnbral :—I have received yonr note of
this date. Though not entirely of the opin
ion yy express of the hopelessness of
lhrther resistance on the part of the army
of Northern Virginia, I reciprocate
your desire to avoid useless effusion of
blood, and therefore, before considering your
proposition, ask the terms you will offer on
-condition of the surrender.
[Signed] R E. Lee, General.
To Lieut Gen. U. 8. Grant, commanding
armies of the U. 8.
SAVANNAH, GA., SUNDAY, APRIL 16, 1865.
Gen. Grant to Gen. Lie :
To Gen. R. E. Lee, Commanding Confede
rate States’ Army: ■
General—Your note of last evening, in re
ply to mine of the same date, asking the
conditions bn which I will accept the surren
der of the army of Nortnere Virginia is just
In reply, I would say that Peace being my
first desire, there is but one condition that I
insist upon, viz: That the men surrendered
shall be disqualified firom taking up arms
against the Government of the United States
until properly exchanged.' I will meet you or
designate Officers to meet any Officers you
may name for the same purpose, and at any
point agreeable to you for the purpose of ar
ranging definitely the terms upon which the
surrender of the Army of Northern Va., will
Your obed’t servant,
U. S. Grant,
Lt. Gen. Comd’g Armies of U. S.
Gen. Lee to Gen.',Grant, April Bth :
Gen.—l received at a late hour your note
of to-day, in: answer to mine of yesterday.
I did not intend to propose the surrender
of the Army of Northern Virginia, but to ask
the terms of your proposition. To be frank,
Ido not think the emergency has arisen to
call for the surrender.
But as the restoration of Peace should be
the sole object of all, 1 desire to know
whether your proposals would tend to that
end. I cannot, therefore, meet you with a
view to surrender the Army of Northern
Va., but as far as your proposition may af
fect the Confederate States’ forces under my
command and lead to the restoration of
I should be pleased to meet you at 10 a.
m. to-morrow on the old stage road to
Richmond, between the picket lines of the
)Signed) R. E. Lee,
Gen’l Confederate States Army,
To Lt. Gen. Grant, (bomd’g Army of U. S.
The Teleoraphi vOperators Greet Each
Other. —To give some slight idea of the uni
versal joy which pervades the entire com
munity, we subjoin the “Greeting” which
was sent by the “Operators” of the U. S.
Military Telegraph to their kindred tele
graphic brethen here.
“The Operators at Hilton Head send greet
ing to you and citizens of Savannah on re
ceipt of the glorious news of the surrender
of Lee a§d his army. “Glory be to God
in the Highest.” Operators.^
Rebel Readers Missing.—' The number of
rebel chiefs that are hidden away, or have
taken themselves to foreign lands and to
parts unknown, is legion. Stephens is
strangely silent, if not missing. Albert Pike
is living among the Indians on the borders of
Arkansas. Keitt is killed, or otherwise re
moved from the scene. Howell Cobb, in bis
late violent speech—a sure premonition of his
own apoplexy and the paralysis of the rebel
lion—was very bitter on the young bloods of
the South who had run away fromathe war,
and said they would never come back, as if
they were not too glad to stay. Foote is in
London, showing up the rebel chiefs with
caustic candor. Pillow seems to have laid
his griefs on himself, and gone quietly to
sleep. We hear no more of the truculent
Iverson, of Georgia, nor of Hammond, of
South Carolina, who is probably reflecting
upon the prowess of the Northern “mudsills”
in their conflict with the Southern chivalry.
Ward, of Georgia, has not been heard of for
over a year. Slidell ia ruining himself in
the pleasaunces of Paris. Mason is
somewhere drinking bad whiskey
with George N. Saunders, who is
supposed to have leit Canada with a gallinip
per in his hat. Dudley Maun, in a French
case , swings his eye-glass in a maze of trouble,
as he thinks of his poverty and his rascality.
Where is the illustrious Robert M. McClane,
of Maryland, who swore that the North
should never cross the border of the Susque
hanna ? Where is the fiery Fayette McMul
len, of Virginia ? We can fancy his gold
headed cane, his fierce shrieks of rage, and
his rubicund physiognomy—but we do not
read of them. Os Curry of Alabama, we hear
no more. Os Babcock, and Edmundson,
Charles James Fox Faulkner, the gentle
Boteler, all of Virginia, we hear no rumor
even ; nor yet of Burnett, of Kentucky; of
the pliant Nicholson, of Tennessee; of Soule,
of Louisiana, and of the heavy, good-hearted
George S. Houston, of Alabama, who larded
the lean earth about Washington while re
presenting his district in Congress. All silent,
taciturn or missing. Soon, too soon for those
who have the rebellion in charge, the silence
and absence of so many of the leaders will
be broken by the loud demand of the people
of the South for the end of the war and the
restoration of the Union.— Phil. Press.
Jarvis, the painter, was painting Bishop
and the venerable prelate began to remon
strate with him upon tbe dissipated course
into winch he had fallen. Jarvis, dropping
his pencil from the forehead of his portrait to
the lower part of his face, said, with a slight
motion to the reverend sitter, “Will you be
£ood enough to shut your mouth, Bishop ?”
painting that feature* he “changed the
ARTEMI’S WARD’S BROTHER.
The following quaint letter, from a gentle
man who professes to be the brother of the
celebrated Artemus Ward, reached us the
other day, by regular mail, and we give it
because it embraces so much of the special
kind of humor for which Artemus is so re
nowned. The whole family seems to be la
boring under a very bad “spell,” which is a
disorder that in their case, however, seems
to operate as disease does upon certain oys
ters, in producing a pearl where we might
only expect putridity:
Sh ecargo, March 11th, 1865.
To the Editor of the Sunday Times, N. Y. :
4 years ago, wile in indianopelers, injynia,
I rote to Mr. Prentles, off the Looseville
Jurnil, regarding thee wareaboute of my
berother, Artymus Ward, off hoom I have
not heerd sints he was a boi
“And we romed the fields together,"
happe as a Mackeral in Kashmeer Sox. There
was four off us berothers, aU bois. Thee fol
lowing is a pedagog off our family. Our pa
rents, off which there was 2, consisted # our
father and mother, namely ;
Hanner and Erysipelars Ward. The latter
(my father) was given heavily to Plugg to
backer; of which he chawed incessantly,
though Biled Bakon done rair was his best
hold. He was a man that could not go long
between drinks ; the kamil did not perdomi
nate in him ; and G. Hover took hit* at the
age ofsicksty, after 2 dais cikness. The fol
lowing is applicable to his case :
“Oakum! Oaknm! with me.” —S Spear.
After the old man’s deth our mother was
left with the 4 bois aforesaid, whizz, namely,
Erysipelars, (named after father.)
Artymis, (the Long Lost)
Rodney and Myself.
Olonzo, (named after Olonzo of piziaronean
My eldest berother, Ery, went into the
Wool bizzeuess, while Rodney went out to
Origgone territery and M-barked into the Fur
trade. Ery did poorly at the Wool and bust
ed, but Rodney is still at the Fur coining
Artymis, at the tender age of eleving, was
suddenly mist from hoam. In this kouuex
soin I would remark an old stockin belongin
to mother, containing fore dollars in Cilver
and fitty-too sents in Hopper, disappeared
about the a&me time. There was a party of
akrowbats, of dubble somerset proklivitys, in
our naburhood a few dais preevis, and by
many it was supposed Arty had been ln
“To leve his and happi hoam
Sands eyes, sands teeth brushes,
Sands pale ale,
The worrold is all a stage,
The rest lemon end vanilla.''
At all events I have never heero of him
but once. i. e., when I rote to Mr. Prentiss,
who did not ancer mi letter, he being engag
ed in translatin a French letter sent him by
Miss Soosan Mpnday, a noted goriller of the
femail gander. Os her more hereafter ; but
Ravenous on our mntton, as the French have it.
I heerd that mi berother, A. Ward, had be
kum ritcb, he having been to Salt Lick City,
among the Mormen and women, he was alius
given to the latter even from a child, and
that moreover aud above, he had got a sho
of wacks figgers, and nevertheless was per
feckly decayed with money—in which event
I would remind him
“I still live"— Webb.
And as bis absents cost me many teers, I
earned aul the water and chop aul the wood
for too yeres after his leving us and as I am
his ony cunriving berotner in poor suckem
stances, Ery being ritch aftd Rodney when
last beard from was in a big contrack for
furnishing phine-toothed kombs for the con
federate army, with his hedquarters at Rich
mond, therefore Ido think Arty might come
and see me. He is ever welcome to mi poor
but happi hoam. Owe, owe, berother ! if this
ehood meat your i. think kindly off one who
loves not wisely but too well; but owe, owe,
deer Artymus ! do not try to shake me.
Deer berother, don't! don’t 1 go back onto me. o. w.
“Why do I wepe 4 thee." o. w.
The Two Friends.— Before a great battle
two young soldiers sat side by side, talking of
pleasant, peaceful homes far away. Said
one: to-morrow will be a bloody struggle,
worse if possible than our last fight, through
which you and I passed unharmed, bat we
curnot expect such good luck always. I
wfft you to promise me, if I am Bhot to send
my body to my mother, that will be all the
comfort she will have, and if I live to see
you shot, I will promise the same. With such
promises, and a kind good night, they part
ed, never to meet again in this life. _ Ter
rible was the slaughter among our brave
troops the following morning. Early in the
same day a shell instantly killed the two
friends who had had so pleasantly parted the
night previous. But one who had been a
silent listener to the conversation, took the
two bodies and carried them to the green
hills of Vermont, where they now silently
rest side by side. B.
The art sensation in New York is Gerome’s
“Almeh,” just received from Paris, which
represents very truthfully the voluptuous
fascinations of Mohammedan civilization.
M. Gerome’s picture of an Egyptian “Almeh”
posing for the delectation or a knot of dull
and brutal Arnaouts possesses this merit, at
least, when jndged from the purely intellec
tual point of view, that it puts the Oriental
“concert saloon” on its true and genuine
level with the concert saloon of the West.”
The picture is described as follows: “A well
formed girl of Esneh, with the sensuous but
passionless and perfectly uninteresting face
of her kind, is poising herself on Her feet and
swaying with her body into a tremulous
swoon Her drapeiy caught about the hips
conceals all that the ballet of the West re
veals much that the-ballet of the West com
monly conceals. Two or three dreary beings
squatting in the shadow are tooting to her
upon imperfect instruments of barbaric
music; and, seated about the doorway of a
rude and massive Eastern guard-house, as
many half-savage Arnaouts, in rich and pic
turesque costumes are stolidly surrendering
themselves to the spell of the scene.”
PRICE. 5 CENTS
ODDS AND ENDS OF NEWS AND IN
Petrolia’s favorite singer—Grisi!
P. T. Barmim has been elected to Congress
from the Bridgeport (Conn.) district.
There is a giant in Hong Kong ten feet
high, who is coming to Europe, and of course
to this country.
“That’s a pretty bird, grandma,” said a lit
tle boy. “Yes,” repUed the dame, “and
he never cries.” “That’s because he’s never
washed 1” rejoined the youngster.
Morford, of tlie New York Atlas, propos
es to Americanize all foreign names, and
begins by caUing Guiseppe Verdi’s last
opera, “Joe Green’s best work.”
The last inventory of the great Library in
the Rue Richelieu, Paris, records in the pos
session of that Jmmense collection 2,000,000.
printed volumes, 200,000’ manuscripts, 3,000,-
000 lithographs and engravings, 500,000
maps, ana a valuable cabinet of coins, me
dals and antiquities.
A man getting out of an omnibus a few
days ago, made use of two rows of knees a*
banisters to steady himself, at which the la
dies took offense, and one cried aloud, “per
fect savage.” “True,” said a wag inside, “he
belongs to the Paw-Knee tribe.”
Beecher is said to|have remarked, that he
was as much amazed by the exhibition in
Washington on inauguration day, as were
the guests at a court dinner of the late King
of Prussia, when he gravely proceeded to
wash his face in the soup.
, ‘Count” Joannes has issued the circular of
his proposed newspaper, the Joannes Jour
Solitics, ‘international law, history, biography,
ne arts, education, literature, with tho
opera, and many other topics. “The Ro
mantic autobiography of Count Joannes” will
form an attraction.
In Preble county, Ohio, the skull of some
large animal has been exhumed. It was
buried about four feet and was much decay
ed. The left half of the under jaw, or what
remained of it, weighed, thirty pounds, and
looked as if it might have lost teu pounds of
its original bulk by rotting. A single tooth
out ofthe right half of the under jaw weigh
ed five and a half pounds.
They tell a good story of a hoosier officer,
who, on receiving a note from a lady, “re
questing the pleasure of his company,” at a
party to be given at her house, on the eve
ning designated took his volunteers and
marched them to the young lady’s residence.
When it was explained to him that it was
himself alone who had been invited, he said,
“The letter said company, Aid I thought the
lady wanted to see all my boys.”
Dr. Johnson, when a lady who travelled
with him in a carriage remarked that she
could not hear him in consequence of the
noise, is said to have answered, “Madame,
the stripetuosity of circumrotatory motion
renders the modulations of ordinary dis
course infusible; and the cartilaginous ma
terials which compose our auricular members
become stultified to the exercise of their
natuxal functions.” _
Anew Microscopic lens has been manufac
tured by Messrs. Powell and Leland, posses
sing double the power of any glass previous
ly made. Last year Messrs. Powell and Le
land succeeded in manufacturing an object
glass with a focal distance of one twenty
fifth of an inch, of which an account was
communicated to the Royal Society. They
have, however, subsequently succeeded in
constructing one of one-fiftieth of an inch
focal distance, having the immense magnify
ing power of 3,000 diameters.
A little tract has been published in Lou
don, called “Dancing a Delightful and Scrip
tural Pleasure,” from which we “learn” that
dancing “was used by the Jews of both
sexes, young and old; and that, though
some may fritter away other parts of the
Bible, yet to say that we have no clear scrip
tural warrant for the elegant and gladsome
adaptation of motion, which we call dancing,
is only to ignore or evade the plain word of
Let it be well understood that this is our
resolve—whatever fortune may tempora
rily betide us, it would be no disgrace to be
crushed down by an overwhelming force,
but it would be an infamy to surrender. It
would be no disgrace to be held down by a
superior force, but it would be to lie without
constraint. That instant the force is remov
ed, our struggle would be resumed. We
must take a vow as sacred as Hannibal’s, and
we must require it of our children, as Hanni
bal’s father required it of his, to resist en
slavement of our country and the dominion
of the Yankees while there is breath in our
bodies. Thus resolved, even the moat ad
verse present fortunes could not rob us of
the prize for which we contend. The strug-
Sjie might be protracted, but we should resi
ze the truth of the lines—
“ Freedom’s battle once begun,
Bequeathed from bleeding sire to son,
Though baffled oft, is ever won.”
Chocolate.— This substance is obtained
from a tree called by Spanish Americans
cacao, which grows in the West India islands
and warm parts of America, and also in Asia
and Africa. When the Spaniards first visited
Mexico they perceived that the Indians roast
ed cocoa nuts in earthen pots, and then hav
ing cleaned them from the husks and bruised
them between stones, they made them into
cakes with their hands. The conquerors
improved upon this method, by roasting and
cleaning the nuts and pounding them in mor
tars ; they then put the well-ground paste
into tin moulds, in which it was found to
keep fresh a long period. In course of time
they mixed with it cinnamon and other spicy
and oily substances, to give increased flavor
and richness to a composition which became
a remunerative article of commerce.
Adelina Patti, America’s favorite child of
song, is about to be married in Europe to
a rich Russian nobleman. Heaven grant
that her sweet voice may never be spoiled in
weeping or signing.