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Morning News Building, Savannah. Ga.
WEDNESDAY, DEC EMBER 1 I. ISH7
Fegistered at the Pott Office in Savannah.
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The Morn ins? News In the City.
On and after dan. 1, 1888, the Morning
News will begin, on its own account, the
City Delivery of its Daily Morning Issue.
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IXDEX TO NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Meetings— Pulaski Loan Association; Golden
Rule Lodge No. 12, I. O. O. F.; Hebrew Benevo
lent Society; The Merchants’ and Mechanics’
Special Notices—To Art Students, Carl L.
Brandt, Director Telfair Academy of Arts and
Sciences; As to Bills Against British Steamship
Naples, and British Steamship Buteshire; As to
< Vew of British Steamship Albano; To House
keepers, Geo. V. Hecker & Cos .; Last Notice as
to State and County Taxes; The Raffle Last
Cos.; Baltimore Steamship Cos.
To Good Livers—H. Logan, City Market.
Amusements—Marion Fleming in “The Brook”
at the Theatre.
Perfectly Astonished —Lovell & Lattimore.
At Private Sale—Broughton Street Prop
erty, by .1. McLaughlin & Son.
New Books—At Estill's Depot.
Boots and Shoes—A. S. Cohen.
Cheap Column Advertisements Help
Wanted; Employment Wanted; For Rent; For
Sale; Strayed or Stolen; Personal; Photography;
The fact that a good many trees have
been planted in this city lately is noticed
Jacksonville hopes to derive some benefit
from Senator Pasco’s appointment to the
Public Buildings Committee.
Congress is beginning to talk about pro
viding for the next census. This is men
tioned in order that the ladies may have
ample time to conceal their ages.
The cable announces that Mr. Sullivan
has met the Prince of Wales. “I am proud
of him,” says Sullivan. These things must
be very gratifying to Boston aristocracy.
Neither Representative Turner nor Repre
sentative Crisp was anxious for the chair
manship of the Committee on Elections. Mr.
Turner has filled the position twice accept
ably and is justified in expecting promo
The projected free public library in Wash
ington was started some months ago, and is
now being pushed again. Mr. W. W. Cor
coran heads the subscription list with
11,000, and the sum of SB,OOO has been sub
Plymouth church having failed to get the
Rev. Mr. Berry ought to give up the idea
of calling an Englishman to the pulpit of
that church. There are doubtless Ameri
cans who are capable of filling it satis
Senator Ingalls as a writer of romance
•will rather surprise the public, though there
is no reason why suoh should be the case.
The Senator has been dealing in a good deal
of fiction from the time of his entrance into
Every Senator and Representative from
Maryland is a native of the State.
Probably no other State can boast as much,
and in some of them almost all are foreign
born. Georgia’s Representatives in the
House are all natives of the State, but Sena
tor Brown was born in South Carolina.
The city authorities, in considering the
advisability of granting the privilege to run
tracks along River street, will do well to re
member that there are two projected rail
roads that must soon be built either by the
fiarties who now have them in hand or by
others. Railroad matters are not now as
they were a year or so ago, and it will be
well to provide for future contingencies.
In view of the howl that is going up from
a portion of the Republican press because
of Mr. Lamar’s appointment, the New York
Hcrahl says he is very fortunate in that the
State rights decision in the Virginia habeas
corpus cases is rendered before ho goes ou
the bench. Ves, if that decision had been
rendered af.er Mr. Lamar assumed his du
ties, a general "l told you so,” wonld have
passed along the line.
The chairman of the National Republican
Committee, Mr. B. F. Jones, manages to
get into the public prints pretty often.
Doubtless ho is under the impression that
his party friends want to hear from him
whenever any political matter of impor
tance is being discussed by the public.
The President’s message and Mr. Blaino's
comments upon it have afforded him an
opportunity to say that the free trade ques
tion will be the issue between the two great
parties in the next Presidential contest. He
doubtless thiuks it will be because Mr.
Blaine would like it to be, and because all
the protection organs are aiming to make
The only point in Mr. Jones’ interview
that is worth more than a jiassing notice is
his allusion to the Mugwumps. He says
that they are all Free Traders, and he leaves
the impression that they will all support
Mr. Cleveland again for that reason.
It is true that a great many of those who
are classed as Mugwumps are earnest tariff
reformers, but they did not support Mr.
Cleveland in 1884 because they sympathized
with his tariff views. They supported him
because they believed him to lie an honest
man, and they opposed Mr. Mr. Blaine be
cause they had no confidence in his Integ
rity. If Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Blaine are
again opposing candidates, they will pursue
the course they did in 1884, and for the same
The admission of Mr. Jones that the Mug
wumps will again support Mr. Cleveland
shows two things. First, that Mr. Cleve
land has lived up to his pledges and given
the country a safe, clean and an economical
administration, and second, that the Re
publicans are thoroughly satisfied that they
have no reason to hope for any assistance
from the Mugwumps. The information
that the Republicans do not think it possible
to win back the Mugwumps will be accepted
as a sufficient excuse for Mr. Jones’ inter
Philadelphia’s License Law.
The high license law in Philadelphia
promises to close more saloons than it was
thought it would when it was adopted. The
license is S.OOO. Perhaps four-fifths of the
0,000 saloons of the city can raise that sum
and can affiprd to pay it, but it is now
believed that not one-half of the number
can give the $2,000 t>ond which is required
from every saloon-keeper.
The bond has to be signed by two respon
sible citizens, who have in real estate, free
from incumbrance, more than the amount
of the bond, and they are bound to pay
every fine and every judgment for damages
imposed upon their principal for violations
of the license law.
There are very few men who care to be
come sureties on a bond of that kind. If
the authorities are strict in inquiring into
the qualifications of those offered as bonds
men, it is pretty safe to say that Philadel
phia will not have a thousand saloons next
The city will suffer no damage on that
account. Indeed, it will bo better off. Its
inhabitants will be happier and its streets
will be freer from drunken rowdies. The
saloons will be turned into workshops and
the industrial interests will flourish in pro
portion as the saloons disappear.
Of course those saloon keepers who can
pay the license and give the bond will have
a better business than they had under the
low license system. If they do a particu
larly flourishing business the license will
probably be increased. Philadelphia will
soon enter upon an experiment that will be
watched with a great deal of interest.
The Grand Army Chief’s Mistake.
Commander-in-Chief Rea, in reply to a
question concerning the feeling of the sol
diers toward President Cleveland, said
the other day that the members of
the Grand Army would take no
concerted action hostile to the Presi
dent, but he thought Mr. Cleveland had
lost many votes that he otherwise would
have obtained, but for his attitude toward
pension bills and the soldier element gener
ally. Mr. Rea talks like a man who doesn’t
understand his subject. If he will
take the trouble to go into the rec
ords, he will find that President Cleveland’s
attitude toward pension bills and the sol
dier element generally is far more liberal,
so far as the signing of pension bills is con
cerned, titan were Presidents Grant, Hayes,
Garfield or Arthur. Furthermore, on in
vestigation it will be found t: at Mr. Cleve
land has always been favorably disposed to
ward the soldier element. Mr. Rea’s opin
ions are, no doubt, based on the President's
veto of the dependent pension bill and of
sundry private pension bills. It might lie
well for him to grasp the fact that the Pres
ident is not put in office for the purpose of
signing every bill, good and bad, that comes
before him. The veto power can very often
be used to good effect, and Mr. Cleveland
seems to know when to use it.
Mr. W. L. Glessnor, an energetic and
liberal Ohioan who moved to Americus,
Via., and has been running the Recorder ,
thinks that Georgia farmers have every
natural advantage over Ohio farmers, and
wants them to make better use of their
advantages. Mr. Glessm-r wants more
attention paid to grasses, which, he says,
mean cattle, sheep, hogs, the reclamation of
old lands, diversified fanning, dairies,
creameries and cheese factories. He is not
far from right. For example, take Putnam
county, in this State. Bermuda bottoms
are being utilised there, good stock is being
raised, and for the year ending in October
last 32,000 to 35,000 pounds of delicious
Jersey butter were shippod out of the
county, some going as far as New York,
and the prices ranging from 30c. to 40c.
The dairymen there are making money, and
farming with them p.-onuses to become
simply an adjunct to the dairy business.
Some of the ultra-Republican sheets are
seeking to make it appear that Mayor
O’Brien, of Boston, is responsible for the
condition of affairs that make it possible
for Slugger Sullivan to represent American
aristocracy before the Prince of Wales. It
will bo observed that none of the Boston
Republican papers is using that argument
in the campaign. Under the circumstances,
it would be an unfortunate mistake for
their side. All Bostonians are ready to vote
It is said that when Gen. Benjamin Frank
lin Butler is redact'd to the necessity of in
terviewing himself, he “speaks in italics."
Gen. Butler has been sadly neglected in re
gard to the President’s message, and his
silence is becoming oppressive. Somebody
had better interview him at once.
The Republicans, it js said, have “made
sure of Riddleberger.” For a time, perhaps.
The eccentric Virginia Senator is apt to
follow his own sweet will before the session
TTTE MORNING NEWS: WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1887.
A Southern Prison Proposed.
Congressman Stewart proposes to urge
Congress to establish a United States
penitentiary at Atlanta for prisoners
convicted in the Federal Courts of the
Southern States. The Morning News sug
gested two or three years ago that there
ought to be a penitentiary iu the South for
Southern prisoners for two reasons. One is
that it is expensive taking convicts from
all parts of the South to the penitentiary at
Albany, N. Y., and the other is that it is
cruel to the pri. oners to transfer them from
the mild climate of the South to the cold
climate of the North. It is probable that
the death of a great many of the Southern
convicts in the Albany penitentiary is due
to the effect which so great a change in the
climate has upon them.
When Mr. Jones, of Florida, was a Sen
ator from that State he called the attention
of Congress to the advisability of establish
ing a penitentiary in the Southern States,
but he did not succeed in carrying out his
purpose with regard to it.
Congressman Stewart would stand a bet
ter chance of having his bill passed if he
were to leave the location to be determined
by a commission to be appointed by tho
President or the Secretary of the Treasury.
The climate of Atlanta, during some por
tions of the winter, is not much milder than
that of Albany. It may not be as cold as
that of the latter city, but it has some very
The fact that Congressman Stewart pro
poses to name Atlanta in his bill as the lo
cation of the prison would seem to indicate
that he is much more anxious to help that
town than he is to promote the welfare of
A commission might select Atlanta in
preference to any other, and if it shouid
there could be no ground for complaint, but
as the prison is for the benefit of convicts,
and not to boom a town, care should be
taken to consider the interests of the con
victs and not of any particular town. When
Mr. StewOrt's bill is introduced into Con
gress the press in different parts of tho
South will have something to say about it.
Good Postal Suggestions.
A strong effort will be made during the
present session of Congress to secure the
passage of a law authorizing the govern
ment to again issue fractional currency.
Although there are a great many objections
to this kind of currency there is a good deal
to be said in its favor. The strongest reason
urged in its behalf is that by means of it
fractional parts of a dollar can be remitted
by letter with far less trouble, and less
danger of loss, than they can in coin. Of
course postal notes can be used for remitt
ing small sums, and also postal stamps, in
stead of the weighty silver, but the notes
are not always obtainable by people living
in the rural districts and postage stamps
stick together and are, therefore, often use
less to those who receive them.
Fractional currency answers admirably
for the purpose indicated, and is in every
respect more satisfactory thkh postal notes,
silver or postage stamps. A few million
dollars of it would be all that would be nec
essary to meet the wants of the public, aud
it would very satisfactorily fill the place
which the government is now trying to fill
with postal notes.
The reduction of postage on fourth-class
mail matter, viz: seeds, bulbs, etc., from 10c.
per pound to Bc., the rate that prevailed
prior to 1874, is another thing that will be
urged upon the attention of Congress at an
early day. It only costs 4c. a pound to send
such articles through the Canadian mails.
The purpose Is to give the people every ad
vantage which the government can afford
in the way of transmitting articles through
the mails, and to relieve them as much as
possible from the necessity of patronizing
the express companies. Of course if the
rates of postage on bulky articles are high
such articles will be turned over to the ex
Still another change that it is proposed to
ask Congress to make is the reduction of
the fee on small money orders to Bc.
These suggested improvements, in con
nection with the postal law, are worthy of
the attention of members of Congress. If
they can be made, Congressmen will receive
the hearty approval of their constituents.
The average Congressman probably does not
fully realize how important it is that the
jiostal system shall have as few objection
able features as possible, and that when
changes in it for tho better can be made
there should be no delay in making them.
When they can bo made to see what the
people want they are not slow to net.
Brooklyn, already noted for her churches,
will soon have an addition to the number.
The Marey Avenue Baptists are construct
ing a magnificent edifice, and one that will
begin anew era in the plans for church
buildings. One-half is given over to the
auditorium, the other half, on the ground
floor, includes a church parlor, lecture
room, prayer-meeting room, rending room,
library and kitchen, while on the second
floor are the school room and
seventeen class rooms. Aside from these
things, many architectural conveniences
will be employed. The idea of making a
church building as pleasant, convenientand
comfortable as possible is not half a bad
Mr. Lamar’s appointment to the Supreme
bench is causing several Republican ex
changes much uneasiness, or they pretend
that it is. The New York / Vrss, the Chicago
News, and the Philadelphia Press are
making a bitter fight on him, and saying
some very foolish things. These Republi
can organs foresee that Blaine will attempt,
as he did in 1880, to introduce sectional
prejudice into the next Presidential contest,
and they are getting in lino. Mr. Lamar’s
confirmation, in itself, is a matter of no
interest whatever to them.
The great majority of protectionists and
high-tariff men is found in the Republican
ranks. That party has adopted the protec
tion cause; consequently it will bo on the
defensive next year. The President has
served an order on it to show cause why the
surplus shonld not be reduced and the
people relieved from burdemome taxation.
The Republicans will undoubtedly have a
hard time answering the President’s ques
Edwin Booth and Lawrence Barrett have
closed a two-weeks’ engagement in Phila
delphia, where they played to crowded
houses. Their receipts for the first week
were $20,820; for the second $23,348.
‘ ‘Ohello’’ drew the highest figure, $3,857,
and “Hamlet - ’ came next with $3,500.
The New York Sun is running what ap
pears to be a Sunday serial, called “Move
On, Pulitzer; or, Repudiated by His Race."
It is copied from the Hebrew standard,
and possesses the virtue of brevity, although
there is apparently a good deal of sameness
A Chance for the Dude.
7 A om the Baltimore Herald (Dent, )
A “gentleman” advertises in a Boston news
paper for "a respectable person to take a dog to
walk mornings." Here is a chance for some un
Wants to Take in Canada.
Prom the Philadelphia Press ( Rep.)
The present state of < ’anada is not entirely
satisfactory to its inhabitants. Probably it
never will be until it apjiears on tlie inap or the
Union, one part designated as “the State of
Ottawa,” and the other as “the State of
An Old-Fashioned Yankee Pastor.
From the Few York Herald ( Ind .)
Plymouth church is an old fashioued Yankee
church and should have an old-fashioned Yankee
pastor—a pious, God-fearing, industrious man,
content to do his work modestly, caring little
for the auction sale of pews, but caring greatly
for the souls of men. If such a man can be
found we shall not be sorry that Mr. Berry has
Senator Colquitt’s Good Service.
From the Few York Star (Dan).
Senator Colquitt, of Georgia, has rendered a
genuine service to the public by his able and
candid exposition of the t ruth regarding the
negro vote iu the Sent hern Slates, and especially
in the State of Georgia. He shows that the ed
ucation of the negroes and the cultivat ion of
friendly relations with them are iu line with the
policy of the white Democrats of the South, and
that harmony between the races is disturbed
only when Republican agitators attempt to “(ire
the negro heart" for their own partisan and
It is a Fairchild l hat knows its own Treasury
report.— Ohio State Journal.
Lawyers are always ready to bring new suits.
Tailors are not. —AVer Orleans Picayune.
A South Carolina paper tells of a farmer in
that State who has been at the plow for sixty
eight years It is time to call the old man to
dinner —Alta California.
Base ball is now all the rage in California,
and many people who expected to visit the
Golden State this winter think of postponing the
trip until the rainy season sets in.— Ohio State
“I shouldn't care to marry a woman who
knows more than 1 do.” he remarked. “O, Mr.
De Sappy,” she replied with a coquettish shako
of b<*r fan. “lam afraid you are a confirmed
Lady (who had a sick husband)—Don’t you
think, doctor, that you ought to bleed my hus
Doctor (absent-minded) —No, madam, not un
til he gets well.— Epoch.
Landlord—Come, Sepp, that is the tenth
match I’ve seen you strike. What have you
Sepp—l’m looking for a match that I dropped
on the floor.— German Joke.
“Papa, why do they always call a railroad
“Because it takes three or four men to man
age her, my son,” replied Mr. Dawdle, glaring
toward his wife.— Chicago News.
Flanagan—Thint’s the thinnest pair o’ gents
I ever seen, barrin’ wan.
Lannigan—An’ how thin was he, might I ask?
Flannigan—Begorra, he was as thin as tho
two o’ them put together.— New York Graphic.
Photographer—lf you and your estimable
wife could look a trifle less mournful I think
the picture would be more satisfactory.
Deacon Hadden—Young man, our son Jacob's
in jail for hoss stealin’. This picter’s fer him.
Let her go!— Judge.
The pranks of boreas in this vicinity lately
remind us of an original composition of a Nan
tucket miss of early time; “wind is a very use
ful article; it blows down houses, roots up trees,
and many people die for want of breath.”—
Said Brown: “The day I was married I quit
chewing tobacco, and I tell you it was pretty
hard on me that day, but in a day or two 1 was
“An, how's that?”
“I commenced chewing again.’’—Texas Sift
At one of those love feasts last week which
always follow an election in which one good
fellow has been pitted against another, Col.
Fellows and De Ixtncey Nicoll renewed to each
other'the assurances of their distinguished con
sideration in this wise:
“Laney,” said the Colonel with a paternal
wink in his eye, “you’ve learned a lesson early
in life which will be of vast benefit to yon.”
“What’s that, old boy?”
“Never to run for public office unless you’ve
led a pure Christian life. "—New York Star.
The Boston Transcript speaks of Gov. Fora
ker, of Ohio, as "the end man of politics.” This
is doubtless because he plays on the bones of
O EX. Toombs, of Georgia, often boasted that
dm ing his eighteen years in the United States
Congress he never obtained a dollar as an ap
propriation for his district.
William D. Howells recently remarked:
‘Many imagine that writing books, and es
pecially novels, is easy work. I tell you that it
decidedly is not. It is work, and hard work.”
Ex-Secretary Holcomb, of the American Le
gation at Pekin, says that out of the 4X),O<X>.OOO
inhabitants of the Chinese Empire fully 800.-
000,000 spend less than $1 50 a month for food.
Lord Tennyson receives an income of from
$20,000 to $25,000 a year from the sale of his
books; but not a cent of it comes from an Amer
ican publisher, despite the fact that his poetry
is nearly as popular here as in England.
Miss Skerrett, who used to be Queen
Victoria's private secretary, lately died at the
age of 95 years. She was an accomplished
linguist and a student so indefatigable that at
the time of her death she was studying Icelandic
to be able better to understand the Sagas.
Edoar Fawcett says that he was asked to
collaborate with Inspector Byrnes in producing
the detective stories which have mane such an
amazing Hit under the joint efforts of Byrnes
and Hawthorne, Mr. Fawcett asserts that he
was not attracted to the work and asked so
large a price for his services that the publishers
could not accept his proposition.
Frederick Warde was Intended by his father
for a clergyman, and was regularly ordained as
a parson of the church of England. At the
earnest request and command of his father, he
composed a sermon, but it was never delivered.
Its title was “All Men are Equal "and contained
red-hot revolutionary ideas. The bishop would
not let it lx: delivered, aud released turn from
the church. Warde thus gained his wishes, and
fortbwit b went on the stage.
New York State has had twenty-eight Gov
ernors, only three of whom were bachelors,
namely Tilden, Cleveland and Hill. But while
Samuel J. Tilden was a confirmed bachelor he
was, nevertheless, fond of the society of ladies.
That Mr. Cleveland had no strong prejudice
against the gentler sex his marriage clearly
proves. But Gov, Hill seems to lie entirely de
voted to the society of his own sex. He is the
mbst uncompromising bachelor in the State, and
though he is repeatedly urged to contemplate
matrimony by his friends he always turns a deaf
ear to such suggestions.
The New York Press says that Senator Col
quitt made a mistake when he chose politics as
a profession, if ever there was a good Metho
dist circuit rider of the antique pattern
thoroughly spoiled it was when Alfred H. Col
quitt determined to enter politics, lie has a
genius for Sunday school superintending, tem
perance lecturing aud revival preaching, lie
looks like an evangelist, he acts like one, and
his life does not give the lie to his professions.
Strange to say, he has had a good deal of suc
cess in his public career. He has been Governor
ami was a satisfactory one. Hois now United
States Senator, aud he and Senator Brown man
ago to secure as many good places for the
Georgia boys as are given to the less religious
Senators from the South. Mr. Brown repre
sents tile old time wickedness of Georgia—Mr.
Colquitt its new tutits of goodness.
Birton N Harrison, the attorney who was
private secretary of Jefferson Davis, was a pas
senger on the steamship that brought the Rev.
Dr. Parker to this country several years ago,
when Mr. Beecher was still alive and filled the
Plymouth pulpit, where Dr. Parker lias re
cently been making sotmwhut of a sensation.
An episode of the voyage is related by Mr. Har
rison. which was in the nature of a joke on the
clergyman. Dr. Parker was acooin|uiied by
his amiable and attractive wife, for whom the
cabin passengers immediately conceived admira
tion and affection, but who seemed to them to
receive too little attention from her reflective
and absent-minded bnsband. The third day out
a mock court was organized. Among the cul
prits arraigned before the Judge was Dr. Parker,
who was charged with gross neglect. (Ine of
the first steps In the impaneling of a jury was
to call Mrs. Parker as a member of It. I>r. Par
ker's counsel protested, his objection being on
the ground that wifely relation was an insur
mountable barrier, whereupon the Judge
gravely decided that it whs “The common ob
servation and judgment of the ship's passengers
lhat these persons bore no relation whatever to
one another," and that the lady was therefore
competent to sit on a jury.
SILENCE IB GOLDEN.
New Yorkers Need Not Stop Buying
From t)ie New York Tribune.
In an endeavor to find out the prestint state
and condition of the Tilden Trust, out of which,
it is supposed, is to be evolved at some period
more or less remote, a public library for the
city of New York, a reporter called upon Delos
McCurdy, counsel for the nephews of Mr. Tilden.
who are contesting their uncle's will, and John
Bigelow, one of the executors.
Mr. McCurdy said: ‘ There is no use talking
about the subject until the will contest is set
tled. The case will be tried in about a month,
and I believe that it will be promptly acted
upon. Of course I do not think the will valid.
It may be that the executors will have nothing
to spend on a public library at the close of the
contest. It is absolutely impossible to say any
thing at present touching the question that
would be of public interest. It would l>e better
for you to wait until the case has been decided.”
The reporter withdrew, and retlected as be
descended in the elevator, that while Mr. Me
< ‘urdy's last advice was no doubt kindly meant,
the wait he recommended might prove a some
what protracted one, as will contests are not
noted for being decided in a hurry, and this one
promises to be no exception to the rule.
Mr. Bigelow was found at his house in
Onunercv Park. He considered the reporter's
call an unnecessary infliction, and, like Mr Mc-
Curdy. thought nothing should be said about
the matter at present. On being asked if there
were nothing to communicate on the subject of
plans or site for the public library, he replied:
"Nothing whatever. We shall be glad to take
the public into our confidence at the proper
time, and shall expect to have their co-opera
tion But while this litigation is pending it is
idle to talk, as we have nothing to say.”
Men Who Distribute Money by the
Carload Once a Month.
.FYoni the Pittsburg Commercial Gazette.
The paymasters of the several railroads run
ning into the city are getting ready for their
regular monthly trip over the lines. The Penn
sylvania railroad and the Pennsylvania Com
pany have the largest number of men on their
pay-rolls. The latter company have in the
neighborhood of 11,000, who draw over $500,000
monthly. The men are paid in cash —generally
fold. The car. after paying all the employes in
ittsburg and Allegheny, goes out upon the
road about the 11th of each month. They
reach Chicago about the gist The men along
the road are giveu notice that the car is coming
by the train preceding it carrying blue flags
on the engine. On the flags are the
letters “P. M.,” meaning paymaster. To
guard against attacks of robbers at night very
little money is kept in the ear. Before the pay
master starts out he telegraphs t > banlrs at
different points along the line that be will be
there at a certain hour on a certain day with a
check to lie cashed. The check is just for about
the amount that is to bo paid that day. The
first point checks are given at Salem, 0., where
very often the amount is SOO,OOO. A represen
tative of the bank meets th cur at the station
and exchanges the money for the check. There
are always three or four men besides the train
crew on the car. The t>aymaster and his assist
ants go heavily armed, aud it would be a hard
matter for anybody to rob the car. The car
stops at all stations along the line, and the em
ployes in the Immediate vicinity are supposed
to be on hand to receive their money. The pay
master counts the money out before them, and
they sign the roll in his presence. J. H. Fred
ericks. one of the oldest employes of the Penn
sylvania Company, is the paymaster.
The Pennsylvania railroad have about 10,000
men on the three divisions between Pittsburg
and Philadelphia. All the employes in this city
are paid in cheeks on the Merchants and Manu
facturers' Bank. The checks are received by
mail and distributed by the officials of the vari
ous departments. Those out the road get their
checks from the pay-ears. There is one car for
each division. They pay out about $500,000
monthly. If an employe wishes to get his
money, for good cause, before the regular time,
he is |>aid out of the contingency fnnd.
The Baltimore and Ohio road pay about 2,500
men between Pittsburg and Cumberland. The
officers and others in this city receive checks
aud the employes on the road are paid in cash.
About $200,000 is paid out.
The Pittsburg and Lake Erie has about 1,500
mer. on their rolls who are paid about $75,000 in
cash. Each man's money is put in an envelope
with his name, number of days he worked and
amount of money he is entitled to. It takes
two and one half days to nay them.
The Panhandle railroad car disburses about
$160,000 between thus city and Columbus. It
also pays the Cleveland and Pittsburg employes.
A Pearl Lost in the Sea.
Why mourn for the hours that have vanished,
IViiy grieve for the things that are lost?
Why weep for the flowers in summer
That lie 'neath cold winter's frost?
Can we make them stand still or turn backward ?
Or revive the dead rose to the lea?
We might just as well try go searching
For a pearl that is lost in the sea’.
Why cherish a dream that is ended?
W hy look down the vista of years,
But to suffer a long-buriOT sorrow
To open the wound with new tearaf
It is over, forget it—as useless
(No matter how anxious we be)
To try to go back, as recover
A pearl that is lost in the sea!
Why burden to-day w ith regretting
What might have been, had we but known?
Why long for the much beloved music
After the singer has flown?
Will all the regrets and the longings
Avail against Fate's stern decree?
Ah! no, for the Past and its chances.
Are as pearls that are lost in the sea!
Why waste precious moments in thinking
Of scenes that are beautiful then ?
Why linger o'er graves that hold treasured
That ne’er will return us again ?
Why wish for our youth and its gladness
When from sorrow and care we were free?
When 'tis gone from our grasp, gone forever,
Asa pearl that is lost in the sea!
Death Seized Him in the Saddle.
From the New York World.
The body of A. P. Francke, the well-known
sugar dealer, who died suddenly in Dickei’s
Hiding Academy, Friday evening,"was removed
from Benedict's undertaking establishment, in
Carmine street, to the mortuary vault in Trinity
chattel, in Twenty-fifth street.
Mr. Francke had lately become a member of
the Hiding Academy, and Friday evening he had
ridden several times about the ring, when be
was seen to fall from his horse. He was at once
carried into the reception-room, and a physician
sent for. Examination showed that the man
was dead, and word was sent to Deputy Coroner
Jenkins, who, in the alatenee of Coroner Nu
gent, gave permission for the removal of the
remains to Benedict's establishment, Yester
day afternoon Coroner Nugent and his assistant,
Dr. O'Meagher, held an investigation, and upon
the testimony, gave permission to the relatives
to bury the remains. It seems that Mr. Francke
has lieen under treatment for heart disease,
though the nature of his malady was concealed
from him. He had all along thought that his
trouble was dyspepsia, and for the purpose of
curing himself of his supposed trouble, he be
gan taking riding lessons.
The Origin of Big Plate-Glass Windows.
From the Netv York Tribune.
“Do you know,” said a well known plate-glass
dealer to a Tribune reporter, "that the great
plate-glass windows that adorn large store
fronts have their origin in the vanity of women?
A woman likes to see herself as others see her.
She cau do that in a mirror. When she is on
the street the show windows serve as mirroi-s to
tell her how prettily or badly she appears, if
her hat is on crooked, her back hair down or her
new-fangled hustle awry. Watch the women as
they saunter up and down Broadway or Sixth
avenue, and you will timi uine out of ten easting
furtive glances into the w indows that reflect
back their likenesses. Then they are attracted to
the goods in the windows and go into the stores
to inspect and buy. It was that, idea that first
brought about big.plate glass windows. The
sold, common frames, with large numbers of
panes gave no opportunity for the ladies to see
their full figures. They eotild only see their
faces. Tradesman who observed the manner in
which they looked in the windows urged the
glass manufacturers to make large panes.
They gradually made them larger and larger
until now they All the entire front. The men
like to look in them quite as much as (he
A Club of Aged Men.
From the Indianapolis Journal.
But twenty-live members of the Tippecanoe
Club were able to be present at its annual
meeting. Isaac J. Taylor, the marshal of the
club, submitted his afinuai report, which con
tained some very interesting historical facts.
Among other things he said: “Of our sick breth
ren only one m reported confined to his house,
Thomas Rickard, Several of our brethren are
quite feeble, but able to be about. Our vener
able brother. James Hubbard, is enjoying re
markably good health for his age—lo 2 years 8
months and 21 days. The club has lost, by
death ten of its members during the year 18s?
—3.3 [kt cent, of its membership leaving 806
of its old members living aud 8 members who
were taken in during the year, making 309 yet
living. The average age of the ten deceased
members was 78 years 7 months und 22 days.
The averageage of the 806 members living is 74
years and 21 days. The average loss to the club
has been 17 2-7 per year, or per cent."
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
Thk bodv of John Gatvagni, of Cincinnati, was
cremated in that city Thursday It was the
tenth cremation widen has occurred in Cincin
In the recoups of Cambridge University, En
gland, has been found a \aluable autograph of
John Harvard, the father of Harvard Uni
The orange tree and the lemon are both de
scended from the citron. The history of the
orange tree is said to date back to the Crusades,
the returning pilgrims carrying it into Euroi
700 or 800 years ago .
One of the best flouring mills in Franklin
county, Pennsylvania, is also the- oldest. In
1785, what Is known as the Wyland mill, was
built in Hamilton township, and for over one
hundred years has been in active operation,
even now often running day and night.
In a country court in England, recently, there
was a trial to determine the ownership of a dog.
The Judge couldn’t make out from the evidence
which claimant was the real owner, so he made
one stand on each side, while an officer held the
dog in the middle of the room. Then he told
them both to whistle and the officer to release
the dog at the same moment. When this was
done the dog bolted through the open door.
“Call the next case,” was all the comment the
Judge made, although the litigauts stormed.
A celebrated physician has remarked that
every house ought to be pulled down at the end
of the sixtieth year, as it has by that time
absorbed all the diseases of those who have
lired in it, believing that wood and plaster ab
sorb gases, foul air and feverish exhalations as
readily as milk or water does. But as it is not
practicable to tear down houses every half cen
tury or so, another suggestion is made, namely:
that all the wood used in their interior con
struction and all the plain surfaces of plaster
should be so thoroughly oiled or varnished
that the power of absorption should be almost
entirely destroyed, and the character thus so
changed that destruction would uo longer bo
Eugene Tompkins is likely to create a breeze
in New York. He is the young Bostonian who
will succeed John Stetson as lessee of the Fifth
Avenue Theatre, and he has caused the an
nouncement to be made that during his admin
istration no ladies will be permitted to enter the
parquette wearing hats or bonnets. It is the
European rule, and it is given out that it will be
rigidly enforced. May the courageous young
Bostonian live a century to carry into lasting
effect the most wholesome and necessary the
atrical reform that has ever been proposed in
America. If it should spread all over the coun
try there is many a malignant high-hatter who
would either have to stay at home or find a
perch in the upper region.
Dr. Abbott, Secretary of the Massachusetts
State Board of Health, by the aid of statistics
for the past thirty years shows that the number
of deaths for each 1,000 of the population in the
1 last fifteen years is about one-lialt what, it was
for the fifteen years next preceding, and of
course the population during the latter period
has been much larger. The mortality reports
for the State show that the largest number of
deaths was thirty for the week ending Oct. 22,
and nineteen for the week ending Nov. 19. The
reports for the city of Boston show the same
gradual decrease. The highest number of cases
reported in any week was seventy-eight, and the
number is now reduced to sixty.
Up to 1834 Mont Blanc was ascended only
seventeen times, after that year more frequent
ly, and now ascents are of common occurrence.
This summer, the highest point of Mont Blanc
was reached by two Russian ladies, the sisters
Gortchakoff; they made the ascent in twenty
hours. The ladies, who were accompanied by
two guides, were enthusiastically received on
their return to Chamounix, and almost buried
in flowers. Among the 1,082 persons who, up to
the present year, have scaled Mont Blanc, there
are a few other instances of ladies having suc
cessfully made the ascent Englishmen are
most largely represented in the crowd who
have successfully ascended the mountain. Since
Saussure's ascent, many routes have been dis
covered by which the summit tnay be reached
much more easily and more quickly.
Henry E. Williamson, the agent at the Crow
Agency, has sent in his resignation at the re
quest of the Secretary of the Interior, to take
effect on Dec. 81. Mr. Williamson is an uncle of
Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs Upshaw.
His removal is the result of an investigation
made by Inspector Armstrong during bis late
trip to the Crow Agency to investigate the causes
of the outbreak there. The reixirt alleges that
Williamson neglected to comply with the Secre
tary's orders regarding the advertising of the
grazing privileges on the reservation, thus leav
ing the monopoly in the hands of one syndicate
of cattle men; that Williamson made a contract
with two persons named McCormick and Mc-
Nutt, giving them the exclusive privilege to cut
hay on the Crow reservation for sale to the
army posts, out of which they made $15,000
a year, and it also makes personal charges.
The talk of anew telegraph line between
New York and San Francisco, has aroused the
old-timers to lively reminiscences of the build
ing of the first line across the plains. One pole,
100 miles west of Laramie, was set up four
times, anil each time hacked down by Indian
tomahawks. Each time there was a bloody
skirmish w ith the redskins for temporary pos
session of the stump. At last the pole was given
to a young man who is now' high up in the man
agement of Western Union. He laid a mine in
the hole, set up the new pole, trailed the fuse to
ambush of rocks close by, and waited with two
armed friends. Then a band of eight Sioux
came along and held a war dance around the
pole. When the mine was fired all but three
were killed, and those three carried off Minie
balls with them. The powder blew up the pole
again, but it cleaned the hole out nicely for a
new one, which was thereafter let alone. This
story was told with great eclat at Delmonico's,
and was the signal for more bottles and more
stories. It is curious what enthusiastic story
tellers are to lie found among New Yorkers w ho
have seen life in the Rockies.
At the recent meeting of the French Associa
tion M. Schrader described the results of his ten
years’ study of the Pyrenees, which has led him
seriously to modify previously accepted ideas
upon the contour and structure of that range.
According to the old descriptions the mass of
the Pyrenean chain was comparable to a fern
leaf with its transverse nerves, or to the back
bone of a fish. In reality the Pyrenees consist
of a long series of lines of elevations oblique to
the imaginary axis of the chain, with which
they often form an acute angle. It is impossi
ble to look at the network exhibited in the map
by the valleys and the ridges without lining
struck with the extreme precision of the meshes.
These meshes are broken up in all directions,
the slopes, however, presenting very different
aspects. On the French side the crests are
blunted. The incessant humidity of the atmos
phere has used them up: mountains, ravines,
crests, all are effaced to assume the form of
juxta|iosed cones or pyramids. On the Spanish
side, again, the fractures have remained much
fresher, the angles sharper, the forms rougher,
due no doubt to the much dryer climate of the
south side. The slope on the Spanish side is
very gradual, while on the French side the
mountains rise like a wall.
Jones, of Nevada, has lost some of his prom i
nence in national polities, although he is still in
the zenith of intellectual activity. Jones is a
Welshman by birth, but a thorough American
in taste, sympathy aud ideas. Jones’ life has
been a continued romance. One year he is a
millionaire and the next year he is Hat broke.
To-day he has $100,900 to his credit, to-mo rrow
he is $50,000 poorer than when he was born.
Although he represents Nevada in the Senate!
he is to all intents and purposes a Californian
He resides in California, bis interests are in
California and he is always called a Californian
except at Washington. But then Californians
own Nevada. There are less than 8,001 voters
in the sovereign commonwealth of
Nevada, and half of these
take an excursion from California
for the purpose of dropping their ballots.
Nevada is a rotten borough, and its mainte-
nance as a State gives California double rep
resentation in the United States Senate. John
T. Jones is a really brilliant man. He lias a re
markable fund of useful information anil he
cau make a good speech On any subject with
very little preparation. He is an inveterate
Btock gambler and always a bull. At one time,
about uine years ago, he was worth $5,000,000.
A severe, streak of bad luck followed aud in two
years he was broke. During bis flush period he
presented his wife with $60,000 worth of
diamonds. When he reached the financial zero
he asked his wife to lend him the diamonds.
She did so. He sold them and
invested the proceeds in mining stuck.
The venture was lucky, ami in less
than a year the $60,000 had increased to $500,000.
He then returned the diamonds to his wife, in
creased by 25 cent. Jones is interested in mines
in Nevada, California. Arizona and Colorado.
His wealth is now up in the millions again.
Kieh or poor, Jones is always happy. He is a
lirin lieliever in his own good luck. lie is a
, hut not a wise poker player. He lost
580,000 at one sitting at Tombstone, Ariz., and
ranked in $25,<)00 of Toni Bowen’s money the
first week the latter served in the Senate.
Jones keeps au account of his poker 'raiisae
tions. and a year ago he was $87,060 ahead of
the game. He is a natural Bohemian anil can
enjoy himself better drinking beer and singing
songs with a crowd of bright fellows than jiar
taking of the gorgeous hospitality of the Wash
Its superior excellence proven in millions of
omes for more than o rjuarter of a century. It is
sed by the United States Government. In
rrsed by the heads of the Great Universities aj
‘O Strongest, Purest and most Healthful. Dr.
rice's the only Baking Powder that does not
mtain Ammonia, Lime or Alum. Sold only in
PRICE BAKING POWDER CO.
vrw YORK. CHICAGO. ST. UHTIS.
A. R. AI.TMAYER & CO.~
i H. Aitmayer & Cos.
Our great sale
Hanan & Son Gents of Ladies’Plush
Hand-Sewed Shoes Sacques, Wraps
$5. Gents’ Patent- Cloth Ragl ans
Leather Dress Shoes mid Newmark-
W ets has been a
m a g n i fi c e lit
and an astound
t I TMAVENN I in S success
AL 1 11A I Lilt o; evei y day for
four weeks past
& although the
(ENTEMLKI KID season has hard-
Gloves. ly commenced
,), u T on for these goods
3-button Tan, 99c. , Iro v fe
p- 1 ji rr i0 0 nnd ou i
j-kttou tan, 51 23. .
>hntton bl’k SI 59 £ ettm g
We ask of those Avho wish
to avail themselves of the phe
nomenal bargains in the above
department to make their visit
as early as possible. We par
ticularly wish to bring to your
notice the fact that we have
the most extensive line offioys’
Clothing ever shown in this
city. We have everything
from the very cheapest to the
extreme tinest, and we guar
antee our prices are much
lower than any house in the
State of Georgia. We invite
you specially to examine the
goods and prices here before
you make your purchases.
Coys’ good everyday Suits
$1 50 and upward. Boys’
neat Dress Suits $4 and up
We'll sell the greater portion of our HOLI
DAY GOODS between now and Christmas. The
dullness in the money market has given our
Northern buyers the golden opportunity of pur
chasing goods at prices never before heard of.
Holiday Goods of .sound starling merit that am
useful, artistic and ornamental. E’egant Plush
Dressing Sets, Satin lined. Celluloid Comb, Brush
and Mirror 95, a beautiful article and extreme
ly cheap. A Lady’s Walnut Writing Desk, lfi
inches long and 12 wide, only 99c.; very cheap.
A 14-inch Indestructible Doll, kid body, real hair
and bisque head, just think, only 49c*. A 27-inch
Wax Doll, real hair, etc., the largest, prettiest
and cheapest Doll in the city, only 75c. A 9-inch
Glass Night Lamp, all complete, nlletl with XXX
Cologne, only 85c. Full lines of Toilet Cases,
Ornaments, Fancy Boxes, articles of every de
scription, and all at prices that will attract
economical people and shrewd buyers. Mail
orders receive careful and prompt attention.
tST STORE OPEN UNTIL 8 P. M.
ZON WEISS CREAM.
FOR THE TEETH
Jf* wdeftom New Materials , contains no Acids,
Hard Grit , or injurious matter
It is Pub*, Refined, Pikfect.
Notiiino Lie* It Ever Rnown.
From Senator Congenital I.—'"ltafeaplP***
ure in recommending Zonwclsa on account of its
efficacy and purity.’*
-From Mrs. Gen, I,Oman’s Dentist. Dr.
E. S. Carroll. Washington, 1). C.-“I have had
Zonwelfls analyzed. It Is the most perfect denti
frice I have ever seen.”
From Hon. Clias. P. Johnson. Ex. TLU
®ot. ot Mo.— "Zonwelss cleanses the teeth thor*
ougnly, 18 delicate, convenient, very pleasant, and
leaves no after taste. Sold bt all druggists.
I rice, 35 cent*.
Johnson & Johnson, 23 Cedar St, N.T.
For sale by LIPPMAN BROS., Lippmon’l
Block, Savannah. ___
GRAIN AND HAY.
A Car-Load just arrived. Send
in Your Order. Also,
BRAN, PEAS, HAY,
CORN AND OATS.
T. i. DAVIS & CO.,
17ii BAY STREET.