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VOL. xxvm. No. 237.
THOHASVJLLB, GEORGIA, FRIDAY AFTRR.VOON, MARCH 10, 1010.
$0.00 PER ANNUM.
SOLDIERS AND CIVILIANS STOOD
GUARD OVER THE LITTLE
village last night —villa
SAID TO BE ENCAMPED FIF
TEEN MILKS SOUTH , OF THE
BORDER. J . j ; ,|!|
(By Associated Press.)
Columbus, New Mexico, March 10
—Increased numbers of Federal
' troops today patrolled the Mexican
border near here, last night and to
day, as a precaution against a pos
sible further Invasion by General
' . Villa and his bandit army.
General Villa yesterday attacked
tils place, killing seventeen Ameri
can cltlxens and soldiers, wounded
many others, burned buildings and
looted stores before he was driven
back Into Mexico by the American
300 Bandit Casualties.
. More than one hundred of the at
tacking bandits are known to have
been killed, and at least two hun
dred others were wounded.
General Villa, who Is at the head
at the main body of bandits, la re
ported to be fifteen miles south ef
the boundary today. iHe halted
there, after a running fight with
pursuing American troopers.
Signal fires, believed to have been
placed by bandits, were seen along
the border here last night.
Further Raids Expected.
Troops were rusehd to Hachita,
New Mexico, when a band of armed
raiders were reported to be operat
ing In that vicinity.. Army offloora
admit the possibility of further
raids. Civilians and state Militia
and cow-boys are cooperating with
the federal authorities In keeping
The First Battalion of the Twen
tieth Infantry arrived here today
from Fort Bliss on a special train,
after receiving a fresh supply of
ammunition. This battalion was
sent to Vlctoro. Other troops are
reported to have been sent to var
ious points along the 'border.
Villa Mode a Stand.
The pursuit by two hundred and
fifty American cavalrymen, under
Majors Tompkins add Llndsley, end
ed when General Villa made a de
termined stand, after reaching a
series of hills fifteen miles south of
the border One American corporal
was killed here.
Eight American civilians and 8
soldiers were killed during yester
day. A revised list of the d'ead ci
W. 0. Ritchie, W. R. Walker. C.
C. Miller, Mrs. Milton James, J. 8.
Dean. J. J. Moore. Dr. H. J. Hart,
♦ COUNTY DEMOCRATIC -.
♦ EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE ♦
► MEETING 18 CALLED. -»
♦ A meeting of the Democrat- ♦
♦ lc Executive Committee of ♦
Thomas County will be had at ♦
♦ eleven o'clock, a. m., Monday, ♦
♦ the 13th, at the oBce of J. E. ♦
♦ Cralgmlles, in the Mitchell ♦
House building. ■*
Each commlt'eman Is urged ♦
to attend. Business of press- ♦
ing Importance Is to be trans- o
J. E. CRArGMIUES,
♦ S. W. Davis, Secretary.
President Wilson Sends Armed
Force to Capture Villa’s Bandits
Widow of Titanic
Victim Is Awarded
Check For $10,000
Atlanta, March 10.—Mrs. Jacques
Futrelle, whose husband, the fam
ous author, was drowned In the
Titanic disaster, has been awarded
$10,000 by the International Ma
rine. The sum has already been
paid over to her.
Mrs. Futrelle, s native of Atlanta,
is herself a magazine writer of
WASHINGTON BELIEVES ONLY MEANS OF AVOIDING FURTHER
BORDER TROUBLE IS TO RID COUNTRY OF VILLA AND HIS
PESTS — FIVE THOUSAND ARMED MEN TO GO ACROSS —
CARRANZA SUPPRESSING THE NEWS IN MEXICO CITY — ARM
ED INTERVENTION IS NOT CONSIDERED, BUT PLAN IS MERE
LY TO PUNISH VILLA AND GOT HIM DEAD, OH ALIVE.
W. K. Davidson.
The eoldleri killed were;
Corporals Harry Wiswald, Far
rier Frank, k. Kendvall, Paul Si
mon, Ban'd Sargeont John Ntevep.
gelt, and an 'unidentified corporal.
Besides these killed yesterday,
several other Americans are be
lieved to have been executed by
Arthur McKinney, William Cor
bett and James O'Neill, employee of
the palomas Land W>raMr Com-
pany, are said to have been execut
ed. John Edward Wright and
Frank Hayden are also believed to
have been killed.
840 Soldiers Near Col umbos.
With the First Battalion of the
twentieth infantry stationed at Vic
toria early today, Colonel Zach Slo
cum, commanding the border troops
here, had about eight hundred and
forty men under hie command, and
believes he Is fully prepared to meet
any further advances by Villa.
Colonel Slocum said that if Villa
came again be would get a worse
whipping than he received yester
A squad of armed civilians guard
ed the school house last night, where
their wives and children spent the
night The Mexican quarter
alio closely patrolled, and the town
was quiet and (lark throughout the
The attractiveness and in
fluence of your home is
made or marred by the
appearance of the floors,
woodwork and furniture, more
& dse, and their appearance de-
: wholly upon i
Now Is the time to brighten up tbs borne-refinlih shabby wood
work, floorsor fumiturn. Yonorndoityourself-eaxily-wjthper
fect success. And no expenditure brings quite so much satisfaction
brings quite t_ _
as the few cenU spent in •‘touching up" the home.
You can change the old oak dresser Into a
jour taste with ^
re freshing moss
of a room to suit
Tbs Hal ih Thai Urts
With it u inexperienced persoo may produce afinbb M match
expensive bard woods. It ia easily appHedjatainaand finishes all in
one application and works equally well cc hard or soft wood.
FIXALL has a multitude of usee tn yon bome.and .joueeabeve
• X Fiats at 18 caets op to Celleea ai fiZSO.
—FOA SALE BY—
MASH-MILTON. DRUG CO.
Two Phones 105-106.
LOUISVILLE VARNISH CO.,
MnVspIaSmst • UNRSVIIXE, KY.
(By Associated Press.)
-Washington, March 10—Presi
dent Wilson today ordered Ameri
can troops to go into . Mexico, for the
purpose of capturing or killing the
YUla bandits who raided the town of
Coltunbna, New Mexico yesterday
At least live thousand men are to
be sent at once, according to a brief
statement issued by General Scott,
who is chief of staff. These men are
now available on the border.
The President's order, in Its pres
ent stage, does not mean armed In
tervention In Mexico, as it provides
for only a positive expedition, to
deal with the lawless forces which
Provisional president Carranza can
The following statement was is
sued at the White House shortly af
ter noon today:
“An adequate force of Ameri
can troops Is to be sent at once
hi pursuit of General villa, with
the 'Ingle object of capturing
him and potting a stop to the
ravages of his farces.
"This can be done, and will
be done In an entirely friendly
aid of the constituted authori
ties in Mexico, and with a
scrupulous respect tor the sov
ereignty of that Republic.''
It‘"wa* further explained at the
White House that the American gov
ernment wants Villa, dead or alive,
and that no steps will be neglected
to carry out Its object. -
The United States, however, will
not for a moment cdnakler the pro
posed expedition os an. Invasion of
Mexico, and will continue to deal
diplomatically with the Carranza
The American government still Is
opposed to armed Intervention, but
It has decided that the peace of
Mexico and of the United States It
self Is Imperiled by the continued
CABINET BEHIND WILSON
The cabinet Is -unanimous In Iti
decision that Villa must be caught
as quickly as possible.
Secretary of War Baker left the
White House to confer with Chief
of Staff Scott and other army offi
cers, and it will be decided later
Just how many troops will be need
ed to carry out the President’! or
It Is said the pursuit of) Villa
will be undertaken In a comprehen
sive way, and that well-organized
plans will he laid for his apprehen
ACTION IS .APPROVED.
Officials received word of the
President's decision with undisguis
ed satisfaction, the cabinet members
were greatly pleased, sad army of
ficer* approved It unanimously.
There was a general feeling of re
lief that the Administration had
finally decided to take this step.
It was apparent that President
Wilson la firmly convinced of the
necessity of eliminating General
Villa from the Mexican situation.
He Is also represented as being aa
determined to get rid of Villa as he
was to ouet Huerta.
The announcement of the Presi
dent’s intention to send troops Into
Mexico was accompanied by scenes
not equalled at the White House
since the sending of the fleet to Vera
Cruz in 1914.-
COOPPERATE WITH CARRANZA.
Pains were taken by officials to
point out the hope that General
Carranza will fully realize the spir
it in which the American troops are
being sent after Villa.
General Carranza will be officially
notified Immediately ihat the United
States haa no Intention of taking
any Mexican territory whatever, and
that It respects fully the sovereign
ty of that nation.
Officials here reallce fully that
General Carranxa may hare some
difficulty In consenting to the pres
ence of Ameirean Midlers, because
of the popular Mexican feeling
against such a move. Personally
it is believed he will be so eager tj
catch Villa that be may gladly co
operate with the Americana.
War Baker and Chief of Staff Scott.
General Scott said that unless It
was later decided to send troops
aaross the border again, there Is
no likelihood of further Initiative
action being taken by the army.
The State Department will pats
on the overnight dispatch from
General Funston, urgently recom
mending that he be authorized to
send troops over the international
border, to finally clean out the ban
The dispatch said;
'&> long as the border Is a
shelter for them, they will con
tinue to harass our ranches and
towns, much to our chagrin.
"General Pershing has re
ported that the Mexican consul
at El Paso thinks there should
be no objection to American
troops entering Mexico, In pur
suit of General Villa, and that
he would wire his government,
recommending Its co-operation
in such an undertaking.’’
Cabinet Discusses Situation.
♦ ♦ ♦ +♦ ♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ NO STATEMENT FROM ♦
♦ OEN. CARRANZA TODAY; ' ♦
♦ NEWS IS SUPPRESSED. ♦
♦ (By Associated Press.) ♦
♦ Mexico City, March 10.— ♦
♦ General Venestuano Carranza, ♦
♦ Provisional 1‘resident of Mexl- ♦
♦ co., refuses to make any kind ♦
♦ of statement regarding the ♦ f
♦ grave situation resulting from ♦ I
the Columbus raid. ♦
A very rigid censorship has ♦
♦ been Imposed, and the newspa- ♦
♦ pees are not allowed to print ♦
anything of the raid. The pub. ♦
♦ lie, therefore, Is not advised of ♦
♦ the situation. ♦
♦ ♦ ♦
GERMANS MAKE NO DEFINITE
GAINS BUT ARE BOLDING
FORTH IN VARIOUS PLACES,
WITH A STEADY"FLOW OF EX
And Order Band
ONLY BRIEF DISCUSSION.
The discussion was brief and to
the point at .today's cabinet meet
ing. Later, President WIlMn con
ferred (with Senator Stone, of the
Foreign Relations committee, over
the telephone, -before Issuing the for
mal orders. He' may go before Con
gress to recite his reasons within a
Stronger forces would be needed
on the border, General Scott said,
and they will probably be ordered
at once from other posts.
No plans are made to use the
militia, and no orders have been is
sued to the navy, although It may
be sent South, tn order to be near
In case of anti-American demonstra
tions in Mexico.
SPEECHES IN CONGRESS.
The Mexican agitation aialn broke
out In Congress today. Senator!
McCumber and Fall, both of whom
are Republicans, Introduced resolu
tions for armed action, but in dif
ferent ways. 'Senator McCumber
wanted action similar to that taken
by tlie President, while Senator Fait,
who ie one of the representatives In
the upper house .from New Mexico,
would raise and army of five hun
dred thousand men for immediate
use In crushing the malcontents In
•AMERICAN TROOPS MAY
LATER BEGIN PURSUIT OF
THE BANDIT CHIEFTAIN
(By .Associated Press.)
Washington, March 10 —The War
Department announced this morn
ing that the ColumbuB massacre In
cident, so far as,It is concerned. Is
This announcement followed a
conference between Secretary of
President WIlMn and his cabinet of ,he Prohibition bills that were
today took up the question of send- enacted *>5' the Georgia legislature,
ing troops to Mexico, to capture the has l8Sued a * tal « mcnt replying '
-Secretary of War Baker attended . .
Mb first cabinet meeting, and took spe t c ^‘ th * “T” 1 "* 1 AUant8
prohibition committee. •
In this statement. Col. Felder dla-
the latest dispatches from the bor
der with him
There Is no apparent intention of
armed intervention In Mexico, but
serious consideration Ie being given
to the proposed plan of dispatching
punitive expedition to round up
General Villa and his followers.
Administration officials praised
the pursuit carried out .by Ameri
can troops, and expressed sincere
regret that Villa himself had not
been taken. The hope Is also ex
pressed that General Villa can be
speedily eliminated without any sort
of diplomatic controversy with Gen
eral Carranza, head of the recog
nized Mexican government.
President Wilson is represented
aa being determined that Immediate
steps -be takn to punish the raiders.
Paris today reports a momentary
let-up in the desperate Infantry
fighting about VeTdun. The Ger
mans have not attacked again on
either bank of the river Meuse, al
though the violent bombardment of
the defenses continues. This fact
seemingly Indicates the' respite will
probably bk brief.
Where the next Herman blow will
fall, military commentators do not
try to predict. The recent shifting
1 of the heavy attack from the Betb-
Readv For Work incourt region and Goose Hill bacx
' to Douaumont and Vaux, (was seem
According to Berlin, substantial
results were obtained at Vaux, but
the French deny this.
Paris also declares that a greater
part of tha Corbeaux woods have
been cleared of Germans.
Fighting In East.
There are signs of fighting along
the Eastern battlefront as spring
approaches. The Russians and
Germans have been fellng out each
other's lines and at various points
small engagement* are related.
The most Important move on the
northern front seems to have been
the recent German effort to cross
the Dvina river at Dvlnsk. 5
TOM FKLDFIH OF ATLANTA OUT
LINES PLANS OP THE LEAGUE
AND RAYS IT IS NOT FOR PO
LITICAL FURPOSKS — DENIES
Atlanta, March 10.—Col. Thomas
B. Felder, the Atlanta lawyer, who
attracted state-wide attention last
summer and fall -by his advocacy
L. O. Hardman’s reference In
recent gubernatorial campaign
(By .Associated Press.)
Paris. March 1 J.—A Havas News
Agency dispatch from Havre eaye
the French line steamer Louisian*
sank last night at eleven o'clock.
No passengers were aboard, and all
members of the crew were saved.
It Is presumed that the same Hos
tile submarine, which haa been oper
ating along the coast between Bou
logne and Havre, and which torpe
doed the steamer Hermatrloe. sank
BRITISH DESTROYER AND
TORPEDO BOAT ARK LOST
(By Associated Press.)
London, March 10.—The British
destroyer Coquett and the torpedo
boat Number Eleven, were sunk by
striking floating mines. It mas offi
cially anonneed bere today.
closes the fact, hitherto unpublish
ed that the so-called Atlanta com
mittee is only part of a state-wide
organization formed for the pur
pose or enforcing the new prohibi
tion laiws when they go
Col. Felder says:
"I was amazed to see. In the ac
counts of some recent campaign
speeches by Dr. L. G. Hardman, that
he made some rather uncomplimen
tary references to a so-called ‘At-,
laata prohibition committee,' and FRENCH HOLD FAST -AND
undertook to make It appear that I INFLICT FRIGHTFUL LOSSES
the committee tried to dictate to ON THE ATTACKING HOST
him In the gubernatorial situation, i (By .Associated Press.)
Paris, March 10.—The Vsrdnn
situation Is regarded as mnch bet-
NO CHANGE, SAYS PARIS.
(By Associated Press.)
Paris, March 10.—There Is no
change In the situation before Ver-
into effect 'dun, or either on the east or weat
banks of the Meuse, says a semi
official statement Issued by the war
office this morning.
The violent bombardment eontin-
oes on both hanks, bnt no German
Infantry attacks are reported.
As a matter of ract, the com-,'
mlttee referred to by Dr. Hardman
Is only part of a state-wide organi
zation. This organization was rornt-
ed for the sole purpose of enforc
ing the new prohibition laws when
they go In effect May 1. The seven
members of the Atlanta branch of
the committee are only a small pro
portion of the committee’s entire
Felder Member Committee.
“I happen to be one of these sev
en. and was chosen by the commlt-
(Continued on page 6.)
from the French view-
result of yeste'rday’s
The public is greatly cheered by
reports of the successful resistance
of the defenders of the fortress, the
Germans having tallsd to bend their
line, despite enormous expenditures
of ammunition and unstinted sacri
fice of life
The general public, therefore, has
drawn the Inference that the Ger-
(Con tinned on Page $.)
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