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VOL. XXV1U. No. 23fl.
THOMASVILLE, GEORGIA. THURSDAY AFTERNOON, MARCH 0, 1010.
$3.00 PER ANNUM.
Pair Tonight. With Frost; Friday
Fair and Warmer.
Washington Officials Admit
Situation Is Very Grave and
Intervention Seems Probable Q
NO STATEMENT FROM WHITE HOUSE BEYOND THE DARE AN
NOUNCEMENT THAT PROMPT AND VIGOROUS STEPS WOULD
BE TAKEN TO PUNISH BANDITS — AT STATE DEPARTMENT
IT WAS SLIID THE SITUATION WAS “VERY SERIOUS," AND
SOME LEADERS BELIEVE THAT INTERVENTION IS ONLY
THING LEFT FOR THE PRESIDENT TO CONSIDER.
(By Assoc! '.tod press.)
Washington, D. C., March 0.—The crisis caused by the
Cntnmbus, Non- Mexico, massa-re early today, makes It ex
tremely difficult for President W llson to refrain longer from ac
tual Interference In Old Mexico, high Administration officials
admitted today, after considering the situation carefully.
The leaders who favor watchful waiting, fear an early out
break in Congress, ns well as the effect the border disturbance
will have on the whole country. The Senate has Just settled
down form the flurry over the Cusl masacre, in which seventeen
Americana were brutally murdered, after being dragged off a
Mexican passenger train.
The situation Is "very ver otis," said officials at the State
Department. There was no an louncemnt of what action would
be taken until Investigations, already begun, are finished.
The draft of a new memorandum to General Carranxa la
understood to have been begun. It Is based on information
contained In General Funston’s report.’ ’
The only word from the White House waa that “vigorous
steps" would be taken to punish the bandits. It was not In
dicated whether General Carranxa would be called upon to pun
ish the bandits, or whether American troops ore to be sent over
the Internationa] line.
Senator Fall, of New Mexico, bus wired railroad officials
and prominent cltlxena residing In the vlclnty of Columbus
for fullest details. He Is one of the foremost opponents of the
Administration In its handling of the -Mexican situation.
The news of the Columbus massacre startled the capital,
coming os it did unheralded irad wholly unexpected.
Senator Stone, of the Sen to Foreign Relations commit
tee, communicated at once with the State Department;' and
asked Senator Fall for a conference.
Senator Robinson, of Arkansas, sold:
“This means' intervention—| don't v we what etse,-can bo ;;
done, considering the aggrava ted nature of this latest Mexican'
Senator Benjamin R. TUI —in. of South Carolina,' declar
ed the nows wAs almost Incred Ible to lilm. . ..
“There never lias been a President who has tried os hard
to keep out of war ns has President Wilson," he wild, "but If
this is true, It looks an If General Funston and Ills men sta
tioned on the International border wUl have to get busy at
once. In order to prevent a repetition of further outrages."
SERIOUS TURN HINTED
BY WASHINGTON OFFICIALS.
(By Associates Press.)
Washington, March 9.—The news
or the Mexican raid on Columbus.
New. Mexico, received. the greatest
concern at the White House this
morning. The first report came
while President Wilson was having
his first conference with Newton
D. Baker, the new War Secretary.
Administration officials admitted
that the. raid had put a very serious
aspect to the Mexican situation,
and some of them declared It open
ed the question of whether that
raid was not sufficient evidence of
General Carranza'* Inability (o deal
■with the situation, and to warrant
the sending of troops over the bor
The Administration policy has
been to look to Gen Carranxa to
deal with the bandits.
Baker Takes Office.
President Wilson and Mr. Baker
discussed the reports briefly, and It
was decided that Mr. Baker should
take charge of his office Immediate
President Wilson signed his com
mission and he went to hie new of
fice to take the oath of Secretary of
War of the United States.
Ontbnrst Expected In Congress.
The Colnmbns raid 111 expected to
start a new agitation In Congreea.
Those opposing the Administration
policy have openly charged that
the attack proved their declaration*
that General Cflrranxa was helpless
to deal with the situation.
The Indications this morning w
that a new outbreak undoubtedly
will occur In the Senate.
Officials moat familiar with the
President's policy are Mlent. It
waa clearly indicated though that
the sltuaUon had been brought to
a critical point, where It might be
difficult to stand by hia' non-inter
ference policy.' Official reports an
coming In to the War and State De
partments - and Carranza Embassy.
One probable course most discus
sed .In official circles waa to send
troops noross the bonder, in order
to clean out the bandits.' hut with
the express decIaratUA that such a
move iwas carried out with., on In
tention of Impairing Mexican sov
It waa said at the White House
this afternoon that "vigorous stepi"
would-be taken to punish the ban
President Wilson hat directed
Secreary of War Baker to do every
thing possible to. protect the lives
of Americans on the border.
GENERAL FUNSTON GETO
IN OFFICIAL REPORT.
(By Associated Press.)
Washington. March 9.—The first
official report of the Columbus mas
sacre came from General Funston.
who said that three United States
troopers were killed and Jour oth
ers seriously -wounded. The firing
ceased at sixty thirty, he said, and
United <3tatea cavalry Is punning
the fleeing bandits.
An unofficial report to the Car
ranza Embassy said the Thirteenth
cavalry had crossed the border, and
wan now In hot pursuit.
s Massacre of Many Unarmed
Americans Occured This
Morning at Columbus, N. M.
PROBABLE PRELUDE TO AFFAIR
AT COLUMBUS WAS ENACTED
WEDNESDAY ON RANCH FEW
MILES SOUTH OF THE INTER
(By Associated Press.)
Columbus. New Mexico, March 9.
—Arthur McKinney, foreman at the
Palomas ranch; William Corbett
and James O'Neill ware captured by
Villa bandits Tuesday and hanged
and their bodies burned, according
to information received here early
The three men were hanged at
the Boaques Grandes ranch, where
Villa drove off cattle.
J. J. Moore, a merchant, living on
the ranch a mile west, was kllte^,
and an El Paso chauffeur, whose
name la unknown, was also killed,
their bodies being burned.
FIVE HUNDRED TROOPERS OF REBEL LEADER ENTER TOWN *»!■?*’ J® 1 ” 1 ..V* f
STEALTHILY AND THEN SHOOT DOWN - ALL AMERICANS doIen dead , bandlta “
THEY COULD ENTICE FROM SHELTER — HOTEL SET AFIRE , Quit Town at 0:80.
AND GUESTS SHOT DOWN AS THEY ATTEMPT TO ESCAPE— i The Villa buglyers aounded the
UNITED STATES CAVALRY A RRIVES IN TIME TO RUN THEM n ° tc °‘ re ‘ r *» t uhortyl be,0 f® •**
ACHOSS BORDER AND BEGIN PURSUIT. by s^x tMrty *“ Cle,r#d
Walter Walker waa taken from
he reported last night seeing two his wife's arms In the Central llo-
parttes of Vllllstaa movifig eastward tel, as she begged for mercy (or
from the Boaques Grandes ranch, him. The bandit said he -wanted
toward Palomas. six miles directly Walker "to shake hands with Ms
south of here. Chief.” The wife, a mln-ute later.
Homes Fired Into. heard the shots that killed him. He
The light began in the center of. on< * his wife were here as dele-
town. M. puche, a merchant, waa 1 flates to the State Sunday School
shot through the head. The light- She was saved by two
DIAZ IN NEW MEANS
State Department Learns the Noted
Malcontent la in Hiding and Not
In His Native Heath.
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, March 9.—State De
partment agents have Just received
Information to the effect that Gen.
Felix Diaz la .hiding In New Orleans.
They are now satisfied that he
has not landed In Mexico, with an
armed expedition, as has been re
11 EMIT MBiING BUTTLE
ARMORED FORT CLAIMED TO HAVE DEEN CAPTURED BY THE
GERMANS, IN A SHORT STATEMENT ISSUED FROM BERLIN—
ENURE FORESTS DEV ABATED BY THE INTENSE A ii TILLER!
FIRE WHICH GOES ON UNCEASINGLY — PARIS CRITICS BE-
LIKVE PRESENT GERMAN ATTACK WAS BEGUN TEX DAYS
TOO LATE TO DO ANY GOOD FUR THEIR SIDE.
(By Associated Press.I
Columbus, New Mexico, March 9.
—Five hundred Villa bandits at
tacked thlq town at four thirty
o'clock this morning. They killed
a number of civilian men and wom
en and had possession of the town
for over an hour and a half.
The bandits were driven off by
three troops of the Thirteenth Cav
alry. When they retreated at six
o'clock they left part of the town
Scores Mexicans Killed.
A large number of Mexicans were
killed, and their bodies dotted the
street where they were posted, pick
ing off Americans who were trying
to escape. No wounded mdn were
Several guests ot the Central
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(By Associated Press.)
Paris, Marcn • 9.—The Germans
wore repulsed (today between Dou-
aumont and Vaux, after several
heavy attacks, accompanied by an
Intense artillery fire, says an offi
cial statement Issued this afternoon
by the French War Office.
The attackers were .completely
defeated after having entered Vaux
THE GERMAN -STATEMENT.
(By Associated Press.)
Berlin, March 9.—The Germans
have captured the village and ar
mored fort of Vaux, anye the V'ar
Office, in a brief official state mure
Issued here today.
RESPITE TERRIFIC FIRE,
FRENCH ARE ABLE TO
HOLD OFF TEUTONS.
(By Associated Press.)
Paris, March 9.—The offlelat
statement, pnblUhed here last night
haa done much to' relieve the ten
sion existing In the public' mind,
caused by the expectation of a
great onslaught on the main French
defenses on the west bank , of the
The press and public are now
more than ever convinced fltEt the
Germans can’t take Verdnn.
Military observers betleve the
Germans originally Intended that
11)0 frontal attack should he accom-
proprietor, and W. R.j Walker,
guest, who were trying' to escape.
- C. C. Miller, a druggist, was kill
ed while trying to enter the Hoover
hotel. Mr. and Mrs, Melton James,
and J. B. Dean, a merchant, iwere
also killed in that neighborhood.
Four soldiers of the. Thirteenth
cavalary were killed, and seven oth
ers seriously wounded.
The Hoover hotpi, .whicn is a
the fight raged.
The Thirteenth cavalry camp was
attacked first, and a number of cav
alry homes ridden off. The attack
came as a complete surprise. Tie
Villa men apparently crossed the
border here, and -Carranxa soldiers
are reported to have Joined them.
The Villa sent .bis men cp a deep
ditch parallelling the road skirting
the United States army camp, cus
tom house and railroad station.
Villa Worked Ruse.
Villa last nlgr.t deceived all ihe
; border authorities. He - gent a
pan led by tv-> flunk attacks, one ln|telegram to Hachlta. New Mexico,
the Woevrc district not meant to pel saying he waB.at the Nogales ranch,
pushed home, while the other, on [ in Chihuahua, near the International
the west bank of tlip Meuse river! border and at least forty-four miles
might develop Into a main struck, [distant. The telegram waa YTgned
Desiring, however, to Justify their; ostensibly by an American ranch
premature announcement of the cap- j care-taker. Who stated that Villa
ture of Fort Dosaumont, the Crown ! personally was at hla ranch house.
Prince kept two hundred thousand ; Meanwhile, Villa was making his
men on the right bank of the r\,ver, i'way from the Bosuques Grandes
even against the advices of his gen-1 ranch, which Is only about twenty-
erals -who insisted they could be i five miles southweBt of here,
better employed on the other hank. I A Mexican scout gave the nrst In- j
Now the Germans hard ■'cg-un a i tiniatlon of Villa's presence, when
Ing of lamps by citizens, who were risers letting , her out of a
aroused by the first shots, was the window with the aid of a
signal for volleys of shot to be *“*•*-
poured through the housee. Prac- i l'. S. Trooper* Killed 10 Bandits,
tlcally every house and nearly ev-j Major Frank Tompkins, with two
ery window In the town were hit. ‘ troops of the- Thirteenth Cavalry,
Lieutenant Castleman, the officer la said to have already erased the
of the day, turned out all men In the I border In pursuit of the Mexicans,
camp, but yelling Mexicans, In | Troop 0., stationed at the border
overwhelming masses rushed sav- gate, a few miles south of here,
agely through the town. caught the bandits on their flank.
A courier was hastily sent to Gib- - and before they could reply, had
bona ranch, located flfteen mile3 (killed eighteen of them. Corporal
llotdl were burned to death. Ban-'east of the town, to bring up the 1 Wlawal waa killed here. Lleuten-
dlts standing just outside that flam- troops stationed there.. :ant Beson was wounded In the left
log building killed A. L. Ritchie, | Villa In Persona! Command. • nrm -
The first volley of shot aroused
the citizens of the town, and soon
everything was In a perfect com
General Pancho Villa is said t<
have been seen personally directing
hla men. Personal papers belong
ing to him, were In. a portmanteau
found by an American trooper.
All telephone and telegraph
wires running to El Paeo, which la
sixty miles east of here, were-eutl-vnll. And
to' pi’event' the summoning ot neces
Colonel Slocum, -who is command
ing the troops here, had a revolver
•hot from hie hand as he emerged
from his quarters. A number of
Mexicans, who were wounded, were
tliken to the post hospital.
American soldier Frock Kend- .
vail, Horseshoer Sergeant Narg A.
Dobbs, Machine Gun Troop Corpor
al Paul Simon, Band Sergeant John
Nlerergelt; Corporal Harry Wls*-
Ivate Fred A.-OrMfa.
were among.those hurt.. . .
Major Llndeley. who Is stationed,
at the Gibson ranch, sent three.
While part of the Mexicans fought
the United States troops. General troop* of cavalry serosa
Villa Is said (o have detailed enlp- to re-lnforce Major Tompl
era and soldiers to Are houses. Bv- went In pursuit of the raldjirs.
ery house In the town was appar- Pn-blo Topex, the c-ilef Villa aide,
cntly struck; and nearly every win-, has been killed. It Is learned,
dow broken. ■ I Thomas Butler, a wounded sol-
Snipers stationed In front of sev- dler, died here this afternoon.
eral frame buildings which bad been 1
set aflre, picked off the American TELEGRAPHER SAYS HE
Inmates as they sought refuge from ! SAW 800 BANDITS PASS HIS
the raging flames. - STATION IN FLIGHT.
ClvUInns'Aided Soldiers. (By Associated Press.)
The mere lighting of lamps in! Douglas, Aril., March 9—The
house brought forth a shower or railroad dispatcher at Mlmbres. New
bullets, and In manv Instances civil- - Mexico, a small town about flfteen
tans answered the bandits' fire. miles west of Columbus, says that
3omc of the bandits sought to en- eight hundred bandits passed there
tlce Americans Into the streets b^i early today, going In the direction
speaking English to them. They; of Hachlta, New Mexico,
caught J. S. Dean, a prominent cltt-
and fifteen different battalions were |
The Germans rnught all day long
to gain a footing In Bethincourt, I
bnt the French threw the attack-1
era back when night fell. i
The German losses In officers Is !
it Is too late by ten days.
The -artillerymen on both sides
are living up to their reputation
already established for the Verdun
hattle, as the greatest artillery
dael of the war.
Many sectors of the French front , , . ..
on Sunday and Monday last recelv-;Particularly heavy, according to the!
ed an average of one hundred thou-1 prisoners. This fait
sand shells In twelve hours.
Whole -woods have been reduced
to kindling -material. A little river
at Forges has disappeared alto
gether. Thirty feet of the crest
of Hill No. 231, near Forges, has
been blown away.
20,000 Attacked Dethinrnntt.
A terrific six-hour nomnardment
proceeded the first attack on Deth-
incourt last Tuesday. The Infan
try came on three sides. French ol-
fleers estimated the attacking force
at not less than twenty tnousand.
zen of the town, that way. and no
sooner had he emerged from his
house than a bullet pierced his
Another American called to n
“Who are you?”
The Mexican replied;
Whereupon, the American said:
"I don't know who he la. but 1
hare some of him left here, acat-
Hachlta New Mexico Is about;
thirty miles west of Columbus,
where the Villa bandits made their-
sensational attack this morning. It
Is located at the bnse of Animas
and Big Hatchet range of monn--
talns. If the dispatcher's story Is-
true, the supposition la that Villa
and hla followers nro making for
th* mountain fastnesses, where they
hope to elude all pursuers who
might endeavor to overtake them.
Is believed to be explained by the
unexpected spectacle of German of
fleers, up to the rank of General,
leading their men Into action. In
stead of following them, as has
been the usual custbm Gu-oughost
(By Associated Press.)
Paris. March 9.—The French nave
repulsed erpeated attacks on Both-
lnconrt. west of the Meuse river, ii
Is seml-offlelally announced here to
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