I he Herald and Advertiser
NEWNAN, FRIDAY, JAN. 2 2
STORiES OF FLAGS
Origins of Seme of the Emblems
ot European Nations.
THE TRICOLOR OF BELGIUM.
Ft Was Ongtnally the Standard of ths
Ducny ot Brabant — Complex Colore
ot Austria and the Flags ot Germany,
France. England and Hussia.
error to tin* I' iiiiioti I’i'iissiuu wur or
1870 tile German i*tii]>] Itr tv Its little
mol'd thnu n «i'ini|i ot M'littered states.
Wlteu tliej voinliiiiftl tuto u single etu-
pile, liuwevel, tnues ot nil thetr dags
were vumuim-il in Hit- resultant stand-
To lie sure, the i - olors or Prussia—
black and white mid the Prussian
eugle emei very largely into It. but it
must be remem tiered that Hits country
became at that tune the head mid
ruler or all the others Resides the
smaller states, there wetv also the
dags of East mid West* Prussia to tie
Included. 1’hat ot West Prussia was
black, white, bluett, three stripes ot
equal diameter, running the length of
the dag. That ot East Prussia con
sisted ot two such stripes, the upper
bluett mid the lowel white. The
“jack" ot the Imperial navy consists
ot three horizontal stripes, the upper
black, the middle white mid the tower
red. The much prized Iron cross (dat
ing hack to the end ot the twelfth cen
tury i is in lhe ccuiei This red stripe
appears in the dual war ctisigu ot the
empire, m which the tricolor (black,
white, redi appears in the upper qttar
ter, with the iron cross upon It. while
the remaining three-quarters are white,
with the royal arms in the center. A
bluett cross divides the whole dag Into
Tin- ling ol Austria Is a very com
plex nil:iii. To begin with, the various
Austrian provinces have their own
dags, ftoliciiila Is red white. Tyrol Is
white-red. Dalmatia is 1111it*-yellow, fin-
lletii Is hlne-red. Croatia is red-white-I
blue and Istrla Is yellow-white-blue.
Then again. Austria Hungary being a
dual monarchy, both Austria and Hun
gary must lie separately represented—
mid fully —on the dag Fortunately,
this ciim til let mm whs rendered more
easy by the fact that portions of the
dags of both countries were already
tile silme Thus, the Austrian Hag was
red-white-red. the Hungarian was red-
white green Compromise was effect
ed by dividing the lowest horizontal
stripe in two, and leaving lout red
while the renmlndei was green. The
arms ot both countries also appear on
the ting. This was decided upon March
The Imperial standard of the czar of
all the Kusslus Is ot brilliant yellow,
in the center of which is n'large dou
ble headed bluett eagle. This dag dates
from the year 1472, when Ivan the
Great married Sophia, a niece of Con
stantlne I’nlaeologus. arid thence as
stinted tile arms ot the Greek empire.
On the breast of the eagle is an es
cutcheon hearing on its red held in sll
vet the ligtire of St. George slaying
the dragon, the whole being surround
ed by the collar of the Order ot St.
Andrew. On the displayed wings of
the eagle are other shields bearing
the arms of Kiev, Novgorod. Vladi
mir, Knsan. etc. The Russian union
jack is very similar to that of Eng
land. save that the principal crossbars
are blue Instead of red This Is the
■well known Russian war dag. The
croj.s is that ot St. Andrew, the patron
saint of Russia.
The well known tricolor of France
is made up of three stripes—blue,
white and red—running not the length,
but the width of‘the ling. It dates
front the era of the French revolution
and came into existence in 17S9. It
has been the national dng since, with
but slight variations. In 1794 the tri
color was also made the Jack of the
The union Jack of Great Britain is
composed of the three crosses of St.
George. St. Patrick and St. Andrew.
That of the first was a broad red cross,
dividing the white dag Into four white
squares; the white cross of St. An
drew, on a blue background, ran from
corner to corner diagonally, while the
red cross of St. Patrick ran In the same
direction. If the union jack be exam
ined It will be found to be composed
of these three crosses, as stated. The
flag was first unfurled In 1801, on the
union In that year of Great Britain j
(England, Scotland and Wales) and
The dag ot Belgium Is composed of
a tricolor—black, yellow and red run
nlng up mid down—that is. the width
mid not the length of the dug The
royal standard has the arms placed In
the center of llle yellow strip This
was adopted as the national dag lit
IHItl. being originally the colors ot the
duchy of Brabant
From 1477 until ir.fMi Belgium he
longed to Austria, lint on tbe latter
date It fell Info the hands of Spain.
In 1790 and for some years following
it was held by Fra nee. and in 1814
was handed over to the Prince of
Orange, but in lKtti the Belgians rose
against the Hollanders and established
their Independence The dag which Is
now down was then adopted.—ash-
Difference in Men.
Some men try to hide their light un
der a bushel and some others try to
make the world believe they are the
i , —1
Military Rules In Force In the Vari
ous States of Europe.
Nupoieou In 1795 tlrst brought con
scription Into force, then It wits adopt
ed by Prussia after her defeat h.v
the French at Jeun In IStiil. lu most
countries where conscription Is in
vogue every man on reaching n curtain
age—front nineteen to twenty-one— Uas
to undergo it period of military train
ing. This prevails In Fram e and Ger
many, hut In Russia a certain number
of uiett Is required only, mid If this Is
exceeded I lie authorities decide from
whom full service shall be exacted. Of
course certain men are excused, such
as the only sons or eldest sons of
lit Spain ami Portugal every man Is
not directly called upon, but each lo
cality is obliged to furnish a certain
number, the men being chosen by bal
lot. There Is no standing army In
Switzerland, but all nblchndlcd citizens
serve* In the militia, which Is culled
upou to train it few weeks every year
Although compulsory service is the
law of the land, the army In the Neth
erlands Is mainly composed of volun
It Is considered by some people that
conscription Is unpopular, lutt In the
! rural districts of the countries where
| conscription is In force the Inhabitants
| look forward to the tittle when they
will be called upou as the only excit
ing change In their lives.
The best eonscrlptlve countries have
so legislated that when the eouscript
leaves the army suitable employment
is found for him: also, another point hi
his favor, his period of service Is not
ro long ns that of the volunteer.— Lon
A BOTANICAL PARADISE.
Juan Fernandez Islands Have More
Than One Claim to Fame.
In the Juan Fernandez group of is
lands. 3U0 miles from Valparaiso, the
Chilean government has a wireless sta
tion. Tliree islands comprise the group,
hut tile untile is usually applied to the
largest. Mas a Tlerra. closest to the
mainland. Here it was that Defoe pic
tured Alexander Selkirk (Robinson
Crusoei in exile.
Mas a Tlerra Is of Irregular form,
about twelve miles in length, but hard
ly four miles across In Its widest part.
When seen from a distance the peak of
El Yuuque—the anvil appears eon
splcuously In a range of precipitous
mountains and attaining a height of
3.00b feet. From the summit to the
base the mountain Is wooded, with a
wonderfully fertile valley at the foot.
Dr. Carl Skottsberg of the Swedish
Magellanic expedition landed on the Is
land in 1908. and the eminent geogra
pher wrote subsequently that "from u
botanical point of view Juan Fernandez
is one of the world's most famous
places. So many wonderful plants are
brought together here on a small area
that one must touch them to realize
that one does not dream." Coloniza
tion of .hint! Fernandez began some
years ago. and a considerable fishing
settlement is now in evidence.
lu the finer restaurants of Valpa
raiso and Santiago file lobsters of Juan
Fernandez are considered delicacies for
which fancy prices are paid. — Argo
Asking Too Much of the Bank.
The officials of the English savings
bank department, a correspondent
writes, occasionally' find themselves re
garded as a kind of universal purvey
ors. A depositor sent his bank book
with this modest request: "There are
some little things I should like to get
from London, and one la some natural
leaf tobacco. I should be glad If you
will send two ounces und charge to my
account. It Is only to bo obtained In
the largest tobacco stores." We tailed
to comply with his wishes, whereupon
he wrote nn indignant letter to the
comptroller of our department.—Man
Languages of India.
One hundred and fifty different lan
guages are spoken In India, most of
them unwritten, und this fact fre
quently leads to trouble In the courts
of thut oriental country. Strangely
enough, lndlnns frequently drift into
that eapitnl who can find no one able
to understand their veruncular. Nei
ther the court nor the court interpret
ers understand some of the litigants
and witnesses in legal cases.
“Why did your sister drop her wel
“While she was out trying to uplift
the children of other people another
welfare worker came along and tried
to uplift her children.” — Louisville
Slowest—Virginia creeper, trailing
Most sedate—Jack In the I’ulpit.
Most active—Johnny Jumpup.
Bobby—Is oxygen what oxen breathe
nil day? I'apa—Of course, and what
everything else breathes. Bobby—And
Is nitrogen what every one breathes at
Hewitt—1 have been pinched for
money lately. Jewitt— Well, women
nave different ways of getting It My
wife kisses me when she wants any.
There la not a single moment in this
life thut we can afford to lose.—Coal-
SKIN OF THE FRUIT.
It It Wise Not to Eat Apple* or Peers
Without Peeling Thom.
Borne people say that an apple does
not taste right when the skin Is re
moved. Some even go so fill’ ns to saj
there Is danger In eating I'rnll thill has
come in contact with the steel of the
paring knife, ns the add In the fruit Is
apt to produce some poison when tt
omes In contact with the metal. But
whether these things are true or tint,
here Is still greater danger In eating
apples without iH-ellng them.
The skill ot the tipple litis always
been more or less Infested with germs
of different types, and now our mod
ern methods of lighting Insects by
spraying the trees are liable to leave
poisonous deposits on It which will do
our stomachs serious harm.
Arsenate of lead, lime and sulphur
wash and n number of other spraying
compounds used by fruit growers have
been found to remain in considerable
quantities on the skin of tipples and
pears until ripe and placed the mar
ket. The action of such chemicals
upon the tissues of the tuiuinn body
Is very injurious.
Spraying the trees is giving us more
perfect fruit and getting the grower
better prices, hut if you value your
health you should never eat apples or
pears without first removing the peels.
—New York American.
NAPOLEON VALUED TIME.
He Might Have to Lose Battles, but Ho
Would Not Lose Minutes. 4
After forcing tile army of Sardinia
back toward Turin, Napoleon had
scarcely taken possession of the beau
ti in I Palace Salmatorl. at Cliortisoo,
thirty-five tulles from the Piedmon
tese capital, when an aged marshal
from the Sardinian side came and In
formed the little general of the French
that the king was about to propose
terms of peace.
'Terms!" shouted the young com
mander In chief In startling tones, as
lie pounded the desk. "It Is 1 who inline
terms. If you don't accept them at
once Turin Is mine tomorrow!"
Although the directory, sitting In far
away Parts, had reserved the right for
themselves and their trained diplomats
to accept or reject terms, the young
general could not delay operations for
weeks while messengers were sent
back and forth between the camp and
the capital, so Bonaparte look It upon
himself to arrange an armistice, lie
called a halt to all spurring for time
by drawing out Ills watch and. tapping
the dial with Ills forefinger, ordered
them to sign Immediately, remarking:
‘1 may lose buttles, but 1 will not lose
minutes." — Condensed From "In the
Path of Napoleon." by James Mongan.
The lute Lord Roberts once sent ills
orderly to the bank to cash n check,
says Pearson's Weekly, mid the clerk
wanted It. Indorsed.
"What for?" demanded the soldier.
"Well, it’s the rule, and l can't pay
you tlto money until you do Indorse It.”
he was told.
•'Oh, all right." grumbled the messen
ger. So lie took buck the check and bit
the end of a pen In deep meditation for
a minute or tivo. Then he wrote this:
"I beg to say that I have known
Lord Roberts for several years, and be
lias proved himself times without num
ber to be as brave as a lion, but al
ways kindly considerate to those who
serve under him. And 1 have., there
fore. great pleasure in respectfully in
dorsing his check."
Difficulties of Pronunciation.
What Is the most difficult English
place name for a foreigner to pro
nounce? That Is a question suggested
by u writer In the London Observer.
Ho plumps for Southampton as the
most difficult “port of cull" for the
Frenchman bound for England. Obvi
ously It cannot he spelled phonetically,
as there Is no “th” In French. We all
have these little International difficul
ties. But ‘the Frenchman gets over
the sea to Southampton by culling it
Look Yourself Over.
An editorial in the New England
Homestead contains what appears to
he some very good advice. Here it is:
"It’s n good thing at least once a
year for every farmer to stand nside
and look at his place as if it belonged
to some other fellow, and pick out the
things this other fellow has left un
done. Sticking too close to the wotk
sometimes narrows h man vision and
mak<s him overlook Important things.
By going past a pile if rubbish four or
live times a dny you finally come to
tliinlc it belongs there, just as a man
will sometimes plow around nn old
stump year after yenr as if it were
established by divine mandate.”
Collier's Weekly adds the following,
which appears to be no lees to the
"If this is true of the farmer-and
we imagine ic is—isn't it equally true
of every other calling? Why shouldn’t
the doctor, the lawyer, the minister,
the teacher, the business man, the car
penter, the grocer, the dny laborer, the
butcher, the baker, and the candle
stick maker, form the hnhitof checking
themselves up thoroughly and merci
lessly from time to time? At least
every six months one should try to de
tach his vision from his personality,
should put himself under the rnisero-
pcope and profit by what he discovers.
And what, lime can he better than tho
beginning of a new year?”
Stop the Child's Colds—They Often
Colds, croup and whooping cough are
children’s ailments which need imme
diate attention. The after-effects are
often most serious. Don’t take the
risk—you don't have to. Dr. King's
New Discovery checks the colds, soothes
the cough, allays the inflammation,
kilts the germs and allows Nature lo
do her healing work. 60c. at your drug
gist'^. Buy a bottle to-day.
Salvation is Free.
A colored parson in Virginia neatly
explained away an inconsistency which
perhaps has bothered many a thought
ful person. This divine had just con
cluded a powerful address entitled
“Salvation is Free,” and was announc
ing that it collection would be taken for
the benefit of the parson and his fami
At this juncture up jumped a member
of the congregation, exclaiming: "Look
a-heah, parson, ef salvation is free,
what's de usu oh payin' fer it? I ain’t
gwine to give nuthin’ ’till I finds out.”
The parson regarded tho interrupter
with a look of pity. "I'll elucidate,’
he said. “Suppose yo’ wus thirsty an
comes to a ribber. Yo’ could kneel
right down an’ drink yo’ fill, couldn’t
yo’? An’ it wouldn’t coat yo’ nuthin',
“Obco’se not. Dat’s jest what I — ”
"Do water would be free,” continued
the parson; ‘‘but supposin' yo’ was to
have dat water piped to yo’ house, yo’
would have to pay, wouldn’t yo’?”
“Well, brudder, salvation is free all
right, bul it’s de having it piped to yo’
dat yo’ got to pay for.”
More lhan 200,000 persons die in the
United States ever year from the so-
called degenerative disease, according
to an article just issued by tho Federal
I’''blic Health Service, and the indis
criminate consumption of medicines and
drugs, without the advice or prescrip
tion of a physician, is reported to he an
important factor in their causation.
-ft K T II K
Manufacturers National Bank
At Newnan, in tho Stale of Georgia, at the close of business Dec. 81, 1914.
Loans nnd discounts $106,820 88
Overdrafts, secured. 674 84 >
Owiilrat t«. unsecured is9 22 '
11. S, Bonds deposited to so.
Subscription to stock of
Federal R ‘unvp Hunk $6,400 on •
L« amount unpaid . i t ROO 00 \
Furniture and fixture,
Duo from Federal Hi serve Hank
Duo from approved reserve n if until In
central reserve cities .
Dun from bunks and bankers (othor
i hao above).
Outside checks nnd othor
cash items $|7H fil I
Fractional currency 160 f)0 '
Exchanges for clearing houiui
Notes of other National Banks ....
Federal Reserve notes
Lawful money reserve in hank, viz :
Specie $10,170 70 (
Legal-tender notes 1,180 00 l
Redemption fund with U. S. Treasurer
(not more than 5 per cent, of circuln-
3.80 i 00
Capital Btock paid in $ 60,000 00
Surplus fund 30,000 00
Undivided profits $13,068 19)
Less current expenses, in- ! 8.826 14
ten st nnd Inxes paid . 1.242 06 1
Circulating notea... $16.000 00— 16.000 00
Due to spproved reserved agenis in oth
er reserve cities 3.947 20
Individual deposits Hubjeot
to check ....$133,040 10 |
CcrtUleiileH of deposit due |
in It as than 30 dnys .... 1.786 96 > 156,703 79
State and municipal depos- I
its 20.878 73 1
Certificates of deposit duo on or at tor
30 duy« 269 60
Totai $273,748 fJ*
STATE OF GEORGIA —County of Coweta, ns:
1. W. H. Parks, Cashier of the above-nam *d bank, do solemnly swear that the above statement
is true to tin* best of my knowledge nnd belief. W. B. PARKS. Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 11th dny of January, 1915.
Correct Attest; Jauk H. Powell. Notary Public.
R. D. Cole. |
T. G. Farmer, . Directors.
W. B. Oku. )
In trading with me is that you can usually get
what you want at my store. Very few grocers any
where, and none in Newnan, carry stocks as com
plete as mine.
A splendid' assortment/ 1 of fancy cakes and
crackers, perfectly fresh and of the finest quality.
Sliced breakfast bacon, Heinz’s mince meats,
Camp’s assorted soups, and Vienna sausage.
Dried peaches and apples.
Fresh fish, oysters, and celery every Thursday,
Friday and Saturday.
“The Pear Is Not Ripe."
Bourrienue asked Nupoieou before
the expedition started if lie had really
determined to risk his fate lu Egypt.
“Yes,” wus the reply, "if 1 stay here
I shall have to upset tills miserable
government and make myself king.
But we must not think of that yet.
The pear Is not ripe. 1 have sounded,
but the time Is not yet come. 1 must
first dazzle these gentlemen by my ex
ploits.”—Table Talk and Opinions of
L .TtWMianBaaitfmiinuMuaaRM i
ftiggp (Sggj 4
The Model Cook.
“1 hear that you have a college
graduate for a cook. Isn't that very
“Not very. She works for her hoard
“Why, how does she come to do
"She is my wife."
The Ever Present Casus Belli.
Judge—What’s the row between this
man nnd woman? Policeman—You see,
they’re married nnd— Judge—Wus
there any other reason for the fight?—
He—You have had a week now to
think over my proposal of marriage.
She—Yes; nnd the more I think of it
the less 1 think of IL—Boston Trim
Less brnlns are required to say bril
liant bitter words about people than to
say brilliant kind words. The cynic's
wit Is easiest nnd cheapest.
cV thirst is a
if you can get
it from the bottle—
through a straw.
Many People In This Town
never really enjoyed a meal until
we advised them to take a
l D £ P b, P ef
before and ufter each meal. Sold only
by us—25c a box.
John R. Cates Drug Co.
Call us up and we will send
for and deliver your clothes
promptly. Try us and see.
HOLBROOK TAILORING AM [LEANING [0.
OPPOSITE POST OFFICE
Free Flower Seed.
Tells You About It
If you aro engaged in farming, or
If you plant only vegetables or flow
ers, you cannot afford to be without
the big catalogue published fresh and
new every year by the great South
ern seed house, It. G. Hastings &
Company, of Atlunta, Ga., and sent ab
solutely free, postage paid, to all who
write for It, mentioning tlie name of
In this catalogue wo tell you of a
splendid offer of free flower seed to
all our customers, (lvo magnificent
varieties thut mean beauty about your
home and a pleasure to wives nnd
daughters that nothing else can give.
This catalogue tells you, too, about
our big cash prize offer to the Corn
Club hoys of your state. It tells all
ubout our fine yielding varieties of
corn and cotton—tho kind we grow on
our own 3,200 acre farm. It tolls
about the best seeds of all kinds for
planting In lhe South. It should ho
In 'evory Southern home. Write to
day and let us send it to you,—H. G.
HASTINGS & CO., Atlanta, Ga.—Advt
Tax Receiver’s Notice.
Notice to Debtora and Creditors.
Notice in hereby Riven to all creditors of the es
tate of WoHley Tolbert, lute of aaid county, de-
ccHfied. to render in an account of their demands
to the undersigned within the time preaurihed by
Jaw, properly made out; and all persona indebted
to said estate are hereby requested to make imme
diate payment. This Dec. 19,1914. Prs. fee, $3.76.
CALLIE TOLBERT. Administratrix.
P. O.. It. F. D. 1. Kaymnnd, Ga.
Give us a trial order on
For the Information of the Taxpay
ers of Ooweta County.
The books of I ho Tax Receiver will be open for
the receiving of State and county taxes beginning
Feb. 1 and closing May 1, 1915.
Newnan, Monday. Feb. 1. to Saturday. Feb. 13.
Palmetto. Monday. Fe»<*. 15, 8 a. m. to If p. m.
Moreland. Tuesday, Feb. 16. 8 a. m. to 1 p. m.
St. Charles, Tuesday, Feb. 16. 2 p. m. to 4.30 p.
Grnntville, Wednesday, Feb. 17, 8 a. m. to 12 m.
Sbarspburg, Thursday, Feb. 18, 8 h. m. to 1 p. m.
Turin, Thursday, Feb. 18. 2 p. m. to 5:30 p. m.
Haralson, Friday. Feb, 19, 9 a. m. to 4 p. m.
Si*noin, Suturduy, Fob. 20, 8 a. *n. to 6 p. m.
Sargent, Monday. Feb. 22, 11 a. in. to 1 p. m,
Raymond, Tuesday. Feb. 23, 8 a. m. to 10:30 a. m.
All landowners aro required by law to give in
the land lot numbers of each lot or parcel of land
they own, in the original land district. The new
law is very strict on thin point, and instructs tho
Receiver not to accept, the returns on any land
without LOT numbers nnd the original land dis
trict. It is impossible for the Assessors to da their
w**rk intelligently und do justice to the landowner
without the correct information in giving the lend
LOT NUMBER and land district of each land lot and
parcel of land in the county.
Employers are r< quired to give n lint of all em
ployees on their land subject to taxes.
The time for giving in taxes is from Feb. 1 to
May 1. This is very important, as the books will
be turned over to the Tux Assessors on May 1.
Anyone who fails to give in his or her taxes with
in the above-named time will bo entered on the
defaulter** list und double taxed.
The Tax Receiver’s books will be open at tho
court-house in Newnan all the time, except when
at places nnd dales named above.
Date for Reckoning Taxes Will Be From
Jan. 1. B. PAUL SMITH.
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