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A TEXAS WONDER.
Hall’* (.rent Discovery.
One small bottle of Hail's Great Dis
covery cures all kidney and bladder
troubles, removes grav< 1, cures d.abates,
eeminal emissions, weak ana ame l acks,
rheumatism and all irr gularLi-s of the
kidneys and bladder in both nvn and
women, regulates bladder troubles in chil
dren. If not sold b\ ycur druggist wdl
be rent my mai! on r of $1 On<
email bottie is w months treatment,
and will cure any cas above mentioned.
Dr. E. W Hall, sole manufacturer. P. O.
Box 629. S. Louis Mo. S nd for testi
monials Sold by all druggists and Solo
mons Cos., Savannah. Ga.
Dr. E W. Hall. St. Louis. Mo : Dear
Fir— Please ship me three dozen Hall's
G eat Discovery by first express. I have
fo and over one gross It gives perfect sat
isfacticn. and I recommend it to my
customers. Yours truly,
H C. GROVES.
Prop Anti-Monopoly Drug Store.
Ccali. Fla.. Dec. 13 ,
THE NEWS OF THREE STATES.
HAPPENING* IN GEORGIA, FLORIDA
AND SOI ll C AROLIN A.
Lightning Set liotinc* on Fire nt
Harlem—Loving Cup Companii'R ot
the Fourth Deigliuent Will Strive
for*—-Clay Pigeon Shoot it Ln-
Gronge—An Editor Soy* There In
Too Alucli Politic*—Closing; ( p the
Cflntiinign in South Carolina—Pc
-• I c-t Conipntty >1 a > Build the Mill.
In the event of the election of the na- j
tional Dcmocrit! h k t. Solicitor General ,
Sam P. Maddox of the Cherokee Circuit
will be an applicant for the office of
United States district attorney.
Air*. Henry Manning Dead.
Mrs. H*“nr> Manning, wife of one of the !
most prominent farmers near Cochran,
died ai an advanced age at the home of 1
her daughter, Mrs. H. H. Wynne, on
Thursday. Mrs. Manning’s health had
not be*n good for some time. Had she
lived a year ionger she would have been
married fifty years.
Lighting Fired Them.
The ginhouse and barn belonging to J.
F Hatcher and the barn of H. A. Took
and a negro house were .set on fire at
Harlem Friday afternoon by lightning.
All were destroyed except Hatcher’s gin
house. Four horses in the barn were
burned. H. A. Cook's loss i* estimated at
e thousand dollars, no insurance. Hatch
er’s loss is slight.
Goes to t nllege Pnrk.
Dr. Robert H. Harris, now Baptist pas.
tor at Thomnsville and formerly the pas
tor of the First Baptist Church of Colum
bus, resigned h s Thomasville pastorate
# yesterday to go to College Park, Ga„
where he has been mode a member of the
Cox College faculty, and wheie nr- will
also assume the pastorate of the Bap
tist congregation. Lef. p entering the min
istry Dr. Harris taught school a dozen
years. He is well known over the state.
The Fourth's I.ovine Clip.
The loving cup which is to be contested
for by company teams in the Fourth Reg
iment at Savannah at the annual rifle and
carbine competition on Sept. 3 and 4, has
been received at Jacksonville by 1,. H.
Jerger, jeweler, from Gorham, in New
York. The cup is a very handsome one
and is engraved as follows. "Presented
by the fleid and staff. Fourth infantry. G.
S. TANARUS., to best company team; annual
shoot." This cup will be held by the com
pany winning it for one year, it being com
peted for year.
Are Off Around I.eenburg.
Crops in the Deesburg section are very
much cut off. Only about 40 to 50 per
cent, of laec year’s crops will be made. A
great deal of the cotton will have no bolls
to open after the first picking, being dead
w.ih rust. The weks of ho:, dry weather
with a temperature from 95 to HjG degress
dried out the plant like an over.. The
plant was very late this year, and even
if seasons had been more propitious would
not have had the time to make as large
crops as formerly, since a p.ant only goes
to bearing the second crop after it ha* ma
For a Xfw Coart House.
The grand jurors will recommend the
building of anew court house at Green
ville in their presentments. The pres
ent building was erected in 1832 and is as
sociated with many historic occurrences
lien Hill and William Daugherty have
been among its eminent pleaders u the
bar, and auch legal celebrities as Judges
Hiram Warner, Obadluh Warner, Edward
fT. Hill, Barney Hill. Hugh Buchanan and
Sampson W. Harris have worn the Ju
i diclel ermine with honor and distinction
’ within its walls. /
.A Shoot nt I.u Grange.
The LaGrange Gun Club is to have a
big clay pigeon shoot on Thursday, Aug.
30. Several towns—West Point, Hogans
ville. GrantvlTle, Newnan, Griffin, Green
ville and others—ate expected to enter the
contest and it no doubt will be quite an
interesting day. Three prizes will be of
fered for the clubs making the highest
•core, $2;") for the first, sls for the second,
and $lO for the third. In addition to th< se
will be offerd thtee ptizes to tHe l.idi
, vidua is making the best scores. $lO for the
first. $5 for the second, and $2.5*) for the
third. A club entrance fee of $5 will be
charged, but no fee will be charged to the
Individual. The shoot will begin in the
morning and continue until through.
Crop* Arouml lliilgewai'.
The long drought at Ridgeway was
broken Friday afternoon by a copious
rain, falling gently and without wind or
hail, or any damaging influences. The
v lntense heat of the sun for the last three
weeks had so completely absorbed the
moisture thru cotton, young corn, peas
and potatoes, sugar cane, etc., had suf
fered beyond description. The cotton in
the immediate community is off 25 or 30
per cent, from the prospect three weeks
* ago, and the other crops mentioned are
almost a failure. Other sections, how
ever, at no great distance, have been
more fortunate and have had local rains
that have sustained the crops, and the
' promise is a fair one an average yield.
A telegram received in Gainesville by
J. F. Bartleson announced that while
, wrestling with another gentleman in Oca
la yesterday, M. D. Barileson had the
misfortune to break one of his arms. Mr.
Barileson was getting along as well us
could be expected, but he will, of course,
be laid up for some time.
Mrs. A. A. Stephens Dead.
Mrs. Augustlna Alexandrine Stephens,
well-known by numerous residents of
Florida, died at her home, at Weloka,
last Monday. The deceased was the
daughter of the late Col. Lewis Flem
ing of Hibernia and the sister of the
Hon. L. I. Fleming and ex-Qov. Francis
P. Fleming of Jacksonville Bhe was born
at Hibernia, the homestead of the Flem
ing family, Oct, 22, Iffll. In early life
she was married to William Clark Steph
ens of Marlon county, where ahe resided
for some 'time, and afterward removed
to Welaka Besides her husband, who
Survives her, she leaves three sons, L.
I. Stephens of Jacksonville. Charles S.
Stephens of Roanoke. Va., and Edward L.
Stephens of Brunswick. Ga.. and a daugh
ter, Mrs. Henry H. Bryant of Welaka.
A Good InvcNtnient.
Ocala Banner: Mrs. F. M. Rust is the
name of a business woman who halls
from New York city. She was in Flor
ida some yeag ago when Dunn* Hon first
sprung into existence and bought what
was thought was Dunn's bluff, the beau
tiful tract of land overlooking the con
fluence of the Blue Springs run and the
Withlaeooehee river. It turned out, how
ever, that her lot was several blocks
away from the bluff, and Mrs. Rust fek
very much disappointed. But she has
been considerably mollified since. Soon
after her purchase. Col. Albertus Vogt
made his wonderful phosphate discovery
near his place, and the rock was discov
ered in quantities on Mrs. Rust's forty
acres. She wisely leased it on royalties,
and while on a visit <o Ocala the other
day said that from it she had already
placed in bank SBO,OOO. How is that for a
Too Much Politic*.
East Coast Advocate: Politics had be*n
the all-important and everlasting cry in
our ears for some months past. Florida
Brevard and Dade included—seem 'to be
burdened with politics. From the largest
centers of population to the smallest
cross-roads and hamlets, the local politi
cian is in evidence, each one vieing with
the other as to how these United States
—which some claim are going to the !
"demnition bow-wows”—should beman- ;
aged by President and his cabinet.
And during election time there obtains
a feeling of bitterness that makes ene
mies of friends, and often divides a com
munity into two distinct elements, which
frequently tarry their differences info the
walks of private life and business. Now
le =ome of us residents of Brevard and
Dade turn over anew leaf, and devote
some of our spare time to the develop
ment of our land, and the growing of
pineapples and citrus fruits.
A white man named Adam Bonds has
been commkied to Jail in Laurens, charg
ed with the murder of his wife. There
are no particulars as to the cause of the
crime. The woman was shot through the
breast with a pistol.
In Memory of Con federates.
The corner-stone of the Confederate '
monument was laid on Wednesday after
norm at Barnwell, with Masonic ceremo
nies, Grand Master James F. Izlar offi
ciating and Col. James Armstrong making
the address immediately afterwards In the
Opera House. The hot weather being con
sidered there w’as a large crowd in attend
To Select \lne Elector*.
Electors are to be selected next Friday
nigh* by the State Democratic Executive
Committee. There will be nine of them,
two at large and one from each con
gressional district. No salary is attach
ed to the position, but the honor of it is
eagerly sought pfter. The e.-nr>mittee has
already receive** Intimations from prom
inent citizens in several congressional
districts that they would like he honor
of casting a vote from South Carolina for
The Secretary of State has issued a
commission to the Bank of Blacksberg. of
which F, G. Stacy of Gaffney, William
Anderson, D. R. Bird. J. F. Darwin. P. H.
Freeman, Ira Hardin and N. W. Hardin
of Blacksburg are the corporators. The
capital stock is to be SIO,OOO. A commis
sion was also issued to the Royal Bag and
Yarn Manufacturing Company of Charles
ton, of which George A. Wagoner, Steph
en Thomas. J. M. Seignious, James F.
RetVllng and George Lunz are the corpor
ators. The capital stock is to be $225.(T0
and the purpose is to operate a bag and
yarn factory. The Charleston Building
and Loan Association of Charleston was
also commissioned with $150,000 capiial
stock, the corporators being T. M. Morde
cai. M. F. Kennedy and William M. Ja
May Build the Mill.
Judge Aldrich has decided that the
Pacolet Manufacturing Company has the
right to build a mill near Gainesville, Ga.
A month or more ago Francis J. Pelzer of
Charleston, representing the minority
stockholders, all of Charleston, brought
action against the Pacolet company to
enjoin them from building a $1,000,000 cot
ton mill at New Holland Springs. Ga. The
case came up for hearing before Judge
Aldrich on Aug. 9 at Greenwood. The
plaintiffs were represented by Modecai &
Gadsden of Charleston, and the Pacolet
company by H. A. M. Smi*h of Charles
ton. and S. J. Simpson and C. P. Saunders
of Spartanburg. The question involved is
whether the Pacolet Manufacturing Com
pany has the right to build a mill away
from Pacolet or outside the stale, calling
rfic new mill Pacolet No. 4. and using
profits of the three Pacolet mills In Spar
tanburg county in erecting the new fac
\\ ith tlie C andidate*.
A special to the Charleston News and
Courier from Columbus says: In official
and a great many other circles in this
city nothing Is being talked of except
politics. It is the first time during or
since the last "campaign of education”
that the people seem to have taken any
special interest in the result. Several
of the state campaigners remained in
ttie city up to-day. Among them were
Gubernatorial Candidates Frank B. Gary
and A. Howard Patterson, candidate for
Lieutenant Governor Cole L. Please is
also here. Mr. Gary and Mr. Blease
went over to Brookland last night to get
personally acquainted with the voters of
that suburb, and the people got up an
impromptu meeting for them. They ad
dressed about 300 people. Other candi
dates are busily engaged in “nailing”
campaign lies, and, in fact, there are so
many reports circulated about thom that
It would take them a year to answer all
of them. There will be on extra meet
ing at Chapin’s, on the Columbia, New
berry and Laurens road, to-morrow. It
is understood ihn# Ml Gary and some
other candidates will do present and ad
dress the voters. Gov. McSweeney Is in
receipt of a mass of correspondence,
which is encouraging to him. These let
ters come from every part of the state.
—Pamphlet is a corruption of rhe name
0 f a Greek woman. Paymphalla, who
wro e a history In thirty five, tiny little
A Weak Stomach
i the cause of oil clisease.lt makes impure
blootl, uni this enfeebles the heart, lungs,
ilver and kidneys. Strengthen the diges
tive organ* with Hostetler's Stomach
Bitters, and your health will improve. Ev
ery oil* needs it to keep the bowels from
becoming clogged. To those who have
tried other remedies In vain, this will
prove worth 1 s weigh in gold. Our Priv
ate Revenue Stamp covets the neck of
There is HOSTETTER'S
“Jnst as Gcol" BITTERS
YV. F. HAMILTON,
Artecian Weil Contractor,
Am prepared to drill wella up to any
depth. We use flrtt-class machinery, can
fio work on short notice and guarantee
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY. AUGUST 27. 1900.
THE FARM AND THE GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGKI
- LTIRIST AND HOIAEIVIFE.
Fertilising for AVlient Angora
Goat* PriniHon Clover in the
South—Him eating Corn Fodder—\
Fortune in Nut Growing Brief
Note* on Poultry—The Carman
H. M. C: A crop of fifteen bushels of
wheat, w hi* h is a very gool average on
Georgia soil, tak s the m neral element?
from the sell in ab)ut the follow.ng
pro;>orti<n and quantity:
Ph< sr boric acid 12 pounds
Fo ash 14 pounds
Lime 6 p.unds
Presides this 32 pounds of mineral ele
ment-, 15 bush D cf wheAt take also 12
l> unds of nitrogen. This element though
known as "a mospherb,” must go into
the c op through the soil Just as the min
eral elements do.
It does lcok like any fair soil could be
made to produce 15 bushels of wheat
without any very groat effort or expense.
As you say two acres producing at that
rate wou'd supply a small fam ly abun
dantly with bread and at the fame time
furnish a nice l.ttle quantity of bran for
the milk cow and also some shorts. It
would al ow also of setting aside several
bushes for se i d. part to sell and part for
home use the next >ear. If you take
much inie r st in poultry keeping you will
find it a good thing to raise at least a
half acre of wheat for the special pur
pose of feeling the he~s with it. Wheat
fed bens will lay in the winter and early
spring when corn-fed hens are not likely
If your soil produces 1U i* 12 bushels
of corn without feitlizers there is no
reason whatever for your not making it
pr dure 15 or even 2 bushels of wntat
year by applying the above mate
rials to the soil. It depends greatly how
you prepare the so.l, the quality anl
qi antity of seed us and and the time f
sowirg, and al : o whether or not the cro >
wiil be more or less free from smut and
rust how greet will be your success in
raising wheat. Wheat is so subject to rust
in our cl mate that it has been
the greatest draw tack in is
culture. But for this difficulty the
Southern farme* would have no excuse
for nog eating its culture.
If pcaesible pio ure seed from someone
who raised it in your section this* year
and whose crop did not rust. Plow your
soil thoroughly by tlie middle of October
and free it as much as \o sible f om all
trash and unde omposed vegetable ma'-
cer. Sow two bushels cf seed on thu
two ai ns sowing as evenly as pos-lhle,
and w’hen the sell is fairly dry. Then g ve
tie land a good rolling after the seeds
have been harrowed in. Before sowing
the seeds wash them well in strong blue
stone water and then dry thfm off by
rolling in fresh ir-sak<d lime.
As yru have had ro exi > erience w:th
wheat we would advise you to sow one
arre broadcast and sow one acre in dr 1 s
18 or 2) inches apsrt anl cultivate this
acre about three tim*es next sprirg dur
ing Man h and Af rII; use three pecks of
washed seed on this acre and five pecks
on the broadcast acre. If you will follow
this advice you will find next year that
you have learned something about w'het
that will be useful to you in the coming
Arc there r.o traders of Angora goats
in Georgia, South Carolina or Florida?
It Is high time there were. Surely It w’ 11
not be very long now’ before someone
can supply them for breeding purposes.
It is frequently asked wh re they can
be had, but we cannot arswer. The An
gora goat can be had in T xas and o her
Western State*, butt Tis D too far off
for the Georgia, buyer.
We are quite sure it will be a profita
ble thing for many cf our Georgia and
Florida farmers to undertake the raiding
of this breed of animals and the sooner
they go at it the better.
Fortune* in n Nutshell.
There are found in the pecan shells
grown u|>on trees whose, annual earnings
for years past has ranged from $50.0) to
$75.00 each here in Texas.
There are isolated cultivated trees,
whose only cultivation i* from the crops
grown upon the same ground. Such nuts
are very uniform in size and range from
thirty-five to forty-five nuts to the pound
and reproduce themselves accurately.
Much has been learned during the last
few years about the great value of the
pecan which is entirely at variance with
former belief, because so many believed
them as only a forest tree, needing no
care or attention than any other.
Cultivation has shown a wonderful
change, changing them from a forest tree
to one of the most productive of fruit
trees. In fact, it has been foun<l that
they can be treated absolutely as a fruit
tree from seed to harvest.
No American tree has been found that,
like the olive, is of such long life, pro
ducing nuts for hundreds of years and
giving under cultivation such in
comes upon a very small outlay for the
planting of groves.
Growers of olives in California will
neither sell their productive groves, nor
are they willing to tell of their eirnlngs,
because the facts ore almost beyond be
lief. Such is so true of pecan panting
ihat we will not tell the whole facts of
their wonderful value. Simply because oth
ershaving bud no experience with cultivat
ed groves are not willing to believe beyond
their personal knowledge. The fact .are
such in regard to them that no exaggera
tion is needed. The fcl owing are among
the advanced methods in growing the pe
cans: Cultivation, low heading of the
trees, permitting close planting, by which
more perfect fertilizing by the air cur
rents among the trees of same Mze. sime
age. same distance apart, consequently
much larger crops on the same acreage.
For years past it has been thought the
proper thing to do was to plant the trees
forty, fifty or sixty feet apart, taking rh
forest growth as a guide. Forty plus frrty
gives only twenty-seven trees to the acre,
whereas we now adopt the Cnliforn a
method of tree planting, by which by the
equilateral triangle method they get <25
trees to the acre without crowding. This
1* sixteen more to the acre than by the
square method so universally used here
tofore. The gain is seen when the tree#
earn SI each when planted twenty by
twenty feet apart, of nearly SIOO.OO per acre
over the forty bv forty plan of twenty
seven trees to the acre, flays one experi
enced grower here:
“No more costly mistakes have I made
than in trying to fo low nature in grow -
ing pecan trees. Every agricultural suc
cess has been achieved by overcoming
nature’* effort* io defeat it. The fin
est and most productive i>ecan trees
1 have seen are grown upon
well drained lands, where cultivated. I
would plant c!o** together or at only a
medium distance apart, because pecan
trees can be set c r <cr>e together a# they
produce their fruit only ujvm new woods.
Such experiments as 1 have been able to
mako show that the pecan tree can be
pruned or trlmnvM to any desired shape,
whether low spreading pollard or even flat
Next to the cultivation of pecan trees
comes the benefit of low heading of the
trees, which has many advantages. The
roots become deeper seated, lees danger of
of eun arald of the tree trunk, less dan
ger from high wind* and easier gathering
of their fruit Heading In causea the
inner curving of the limbs, preventing con
tact with other tree# or shading tha
ground as do taller trees. The limbs are
rot so liable to bend down with their fruit
and more easily propped up if desired.
Such branches are affected by the sun
only ui>on the upper side, while the un
derside being shaded, grows the fastest.
lienve this uptight growth of limb permits
close planting So lone has the common
saying been that ”\Ve will not plant pe
cans; we will have so long to wait!”
What of that? Is noj that a very sel
fish view to take? Somebody planted the
fruit which you now enjoy, and the next
generation has the same claim upon you.
Are you not going to wait anyway as
, long as you live? Would it be any worse
waiting with a good pecan grove of fifty
acres than waiting without one?
Says a man in Georgia: "I am 69 years
; old, but I am planting pecons, partly for
myself and partly for posterity. A man
who plants fifty a res will be a rich man
. in ten year#, for under cultivation the
trees will begin to bear in six years, ond
will be profitable when ten years old.”
His experience is like ours. Under culti
vation the trees will grow four or five
times as fast as uncultivated, will bear
when six years old. pay at eight, and
j very profitable when ten years old,
■ ear nlng easily $5 per tree, and
annual increase until full maturity, when
i thirty to forty years old. continuing in
bearing during their life of hundreds of
years. We do not know how long, but
we have knowledge of one tree here which
was killed by lightning a few years ago.
When out down ijr rings showed it to be
over 600 years old and bearing the last
year of its life.
Me recommend the planning of vegetable
| crops among the pecan ire s until they are
I enough to shade the ground, the cul
tivation of which gives the trees the culti
’ vation they require. In all orchard
growth cultivate the trees as thoroughly
as you do your corn field. It will pay.
During this season both Texas and Florida
i have grown vegetable crops, earning from
1 slC4> to SY) per acre, and others can do the
same. The fact is the Southern states
i ra h easily become the early garden for
| *he North ai great profit in early ship
men is. In addition to the earnings of the
i vegetable crop the tiee growth of the pe
: can grove easily adds one hundred dollars
; per acre annually, for when ten years old
I ihe owner could not afford to sell his
gfove at $1.0(4) per acre, for its 10 per cent,
earnings far exceed that valuation. Do
not plant any other trees among the pe
cans, os the vegetable or other low grow-
I crops will pnv you vastly better.
| Wherever the hickory or walnut grow the
pecan will thrive. Their long taproots
* RCt their food way below the surface and
will grow well upon lands where the sur
* face may be worn out for other crops,
thus bringing into prolftable cultivation
fields considered worn out. There is no
reason why the Southern states cannot
grow as commercial enterprises large pe
! can groves of the Texas thin shell pecan
as California now does of 100 to 1,000 acres
of w’alnuts, olives, prunes, pears, peaches,
etc., with the profit largely in favor of
the pecan. Freedom from bliglri, from
the usual insect pests earning royal in
comes for generations, taking the outlay
and income, the pecan has no
equal. Using dynamite in tree planting
is productive of wonderful results, and
should be more generally used in the
planting of every kind of tree, whether
for fruit or for shade.
Here is one of the safest, surest paying
I investments. Parents can make for their
| children, their children's children for
twenty generations. Pecan groves can
not run nway, cannot burn up, will not
default, for Nature is the best of pay
masters, and every one who can put $l6O
into a pecan grove of fifty acres.containing
6,250 trees, has got a fortune on the invest
ment as soon as the trees will average
only $1 each, saying nothing of the great
er earnings following for years. There
is no blow about these facts, for the pos
sibilities of pecan culture are beyond any
statement we make.
Of he Twentieth Century pecan, w*ith
nuts as large as "guinea eggs,” weighing
twenty to twenty-five nuts to the pound,
we need say but little,* as growing upon
but few trees, the supply is very limited.
They are the r..: r ‘s4 grafted pecan grown,
Another advantage of pecan groves
upon a far.n is the increased value of
every a< re by the presence of such a
grove, which adds very materially to its
valuation. In fact, we do not know’ of
any drawbacks to successful pecan cul
ture. and certainly no other ree growth
can equal this industry, costing so little,
with such enormous earnings. No fear
of an oversuppiy. If this generation should
plant millions of acres, for the pecan
grows upon no other continent, and the
pecan nut is but little known in Europe.
Very soon we will have 100.M0.000 of peo
ple. in this country, where the pecan nut
is the favorite nut of all others and will
consume all which can be grown.
Fort Worth, Tex. Herbert Post.
Tlie Mule In the South.
A bulletin of the Agricultural Depart
ment of the government show’s how* the
mule has been a curse to the South be
| cause It is non-productive. "When South
ern farmers farm with mares that raise
colts, anew era of prosperity will dawn."
says the bulletin. Just so; but let us con
sider what a tedious process that must
necessarily be. From the first the plant
ers had no call for other stock than mules
to do their farm work, and it was cheap
er and easier for them to purchase mules
in Tennessee. Kentucky and Missouri than
to keep mares to grow either them or
horses. Fences were few. and such
young stock would have been decidedly
out of place while growing up to maturity.
The mule has become as much a part of
the life of the colored man as is his dog:
and being so, he is naturally prejudic'*i|
against the horse, besides, "Sambo’s voice
in praise of his "mu-11” is much more mu
sical than It would be to laud a "hoss.”
But In time the horse will largely supplant
the mule in the South. The change will
be made very gradually. We can even
now see it occurring sporadically. Farm
ers used to horses are settling there and
taking their teams with them. The young
colored laborers are learning how to
handle horses, farms are being fenced
more and better, and this will make it
more convenient to grow horses. In
about fifty years the transformation will
be complete and then "the old colored
man with his mule" will be a memory.
IlnrveMtlitK Corn Fodder.
Where a large crop of corn is to be se
cured. this Is no small task, says M. C\
Thomas, in Agriculturist The cost and
quality of work done must be carefully
considered. Only a few years ago the
corn sled was thought to be the Ideal
implement for cutting corn, hut there are
so many seasons when perfect work Is
impossible. a the corn does not stand
up well. They have been discarded by
a number of farmers In my neighborhood.
What the outcome of the corn binder will
be remains to be seen. Some like H,
w’hile others say. all things considered,
the work cannot be done better or cheaper
than by hand.
For my use I have found nothing better
than the good, old-fashioned way. With
us the corn Is nearly always checked and
the shocks are cut twelve hills square,
the i*ost ranging from 5 to 8 cents a
shock, according to the condition of the I
corn. To be in be#4 condition for cutting,
the. husks on at least half of the ears
should begin to turn brown When at
this stage we cut Into full shook*. Some
prefer to half shock and let stand for a
few days before filling out, but I do no*
like that. If a rain comes the entire cen
ter of the shock Will be blackened. Had
the shock been made full size at first,
the middle would remain bright, provld
ed the corn was not cut too gre**n When
n shock !• one-third cut I tie it securely
with a stalk When the shock Is finish
ed I drew It up ss tightly ae possible
withs rope and pulley, and tie it wl<h
binder twine. A shock fixed In tills man
ner will stand In perfect condition until j
the corn Is ready to crib
Just a s soon ss the corn will do to rrih, j
I commence husking and storing opera- I
tions, in order <o complete them before
bad weather sets in. While the days
are warm and the ground dry it is much
easier to get help and the injury is much
less to the wheat by tramping and driving
over it. As the corn is husked the fod
der is tied into bundles which can be
easily handled with a fork. When the
fodder is moist I tie with the stalks, and
when it is dry I use tarred twine with a
knot tied on the end. To secure it I
simply lap the spring around the knot and
stick it uifrier he band. If care is taken
to make the bund.es as compact as pos
sible, they will not come untied when
fastened in this manner. To untie, sim
ply pull the end of the spring. We place
three of these single shocks in one, being
I very careful io get it set up as compaet
' ly as possible. The fops are drawn lo
i gether with a rope and again tied with
the twine. Fodder fixed in this manner
will keep perfectly and make excellent
feed, until hauled to the barn or directly
to the stock.
Crimson ( lover in South Carolina.
I have often heard the cow pea celled
“the crimson clover of the South,” and
the name is well deserved. I should dts
| like to spar* either of these plants, says
W. R. El.iott in Practical farmer. I value
crimson clover for this reason: I can
grow it during the winter when I can't
i have peas, and thus have a covering to
protect my land when most needed. By
using the clover and the pens 1 get two
leguminous crops that collect and store
nitrogen for other crops to feed upon.
Crimson clover contains 3.2 per cent, crude
, protein, and the cow pea only 2 5 per cent.
Hence a po'.nt in favor of clover.
My main object in planting clover is to
improve and save the soil; and while this
is being done I have nt the same time
; gool green food to graze on when needed.
, during the winter, for either horses, cows
or hogs. I stop the grazing in early
spring and get a good crop of hay to feed
out during the summer.
Last fall I sowed my entire plantation,
w;th the exception of twenty-nine acres,
iii grain. Eighteen were in cotton; six
were in corn sown broadcast in peas,
which I turned under later for potatoes,
j etc. Throe acres I sowed in crimson clo
ver in October, and one in clover and
grass seed mixed. The last one I sowed
in rye and clover. The acres sown mixed
showed up much better than those upon
which the clover was sown aione. My
firsi experiment made in October,
1895, by running a 30-inch sweep two
inches deep between the rows in a six
acre cotton field and sow ing fifteen j ounds
of seed per acre. I then made the plows
turn back and run through again, just,
sifting in the seed, and I got an excellent
stand and made a fine crop of clover. I
j cut this while in bloom in May, and turn
| ed the green stubble under witlT a two
horse turn plow for cotton again, putting
400 pounds of acid phosphate per acre in
the dri 1. The eotlon was about two weeks
later getting started, but a3 the clover be
-1 gan to improve, and when a drought came
I in August, the clover told to the grow;
i as it grew larger, held Its color better and
fruited better than cotton just across the
road manured with 200 pounds of acid
phosphate thoroughly composted. Soil was
the same and was worked in like manner.
In 1896 I planted thirty-four acres in like
manner and had equally as good results.
In !597 I broke and harrowed well two and
one-half acres of ground and brushed In
the seed. I got h very fine stand and
made the finest clover I have ever seen,
except o field at the State Agricultural
College, which was very highly manured.
1 used no fertilizer at all. but the soil
was very rich to begin with. The past
year I sowed five and one-half acres of
bottom land and harrowed it tvlth a 250-
I>ound harrow and did not get a stand.
I attribute the failure to my using a
heavy harrow and not to faulty seed;
some of it I carried over and got a good
stand this season.
The best time to sow’ is from the first
of October to middle of December, in this
dimate. Late sowing does better than
early sowing, as the heat is worse for
clover than cold; though if sown in cot
ton ground the foliage answers a double
purpose in protecting the clover from the
sun and also from frost later on. If the
seed is sown alone, not mixed wdth rye
or oats, etc., a cloudy spell of weather is
most favorable, and the ground should
already be prepared to catch-such spells.
I have never missed a stand when thus
sown, if the seed wan not covered too
deep. The mam object is to get the clover
started. Once started the troubles cease.
I have for the last three years been
reclaiming u three-acre field by so whig
crimson clover In tne fall and following
with peas in the spring. I began by put
ting 100 pound’s of cotton seed meal to the
acre for the clover and then 200 pounds
of acid phoephate for the peas. This fleid
is now in good shape nod planted in wheat
without any fertilizer. I never fertilize
clover except for a hay crop when need
ed; but I find that the stock all relish it
and never suffer from eating it, as :s
often the complaint. If left standing un
til the seed is ripe it is very hard to
digest. To cure it I cut when dew is off
and rake into wind rows in the afternoon,
then iet it stand one day, and throw into
cocks for one day longer, when I haul in.
A to being easily cured, it comes next
to Bermuda grass, with me. and this >s
the easiest crop I know to cure.
Every farmer should plant clover,
whether it l>e crimson or some other va
riety. hut crimson is my favorite and I
like to grow it to improve the soil, qs it
affords so much vegetable matter to turn
under, and without plenty of humus you
will be without much of a crop. To plant
mere clover and buy ie*s fertilizer, you
will succeed better.
Fairfield County, S. C.
Summer Untiling of Manure.
There is usually a lull in farm work in
summer and it cannot be put to better
advantage than in hauling manure that
has accumulated about barns and feed lots
during winter and spring. This will be
the best time for top dressing hay lands
and stubble fields that are to be plowed
soon. Manure should be spread thin and
even on hay land, so as not to burn or
smo'her the grass. As the stubble is to
be plowed under, so much care will not be
necessary with it.
The heaviest and richest manure should
always be put on hill tops and sides, and
upon thin places. The richness of soil is
constantly being leached out b> water and
carried to lower portions of the fields. By
enriching the upper parts, the gentle rains
of fall and the thawing of *he snow will
carry the richness to the lower levels of
fields, distributing it more evenly. If fer
tilizer is needed on a field where there is
a growing crop, a good plan Is to haul
out in piles and leave along the border of
the field, to be scattered when the crop
is harvested. These piles should be put
along the high ground so that rains fall
ing on them will distribute the liquid ma
nure leached out over the field. Do not
fertilize heavily along a slough or near
a watercourse. Y'ou need all the richness
that will be cart led away on your farm
J. L. Irwin.
Poultry In Hot Weather.
Keep the fowls comfortable In hot
went her. Shade, cleanliness and pure
water are an essential trio to successful
summer poultry keeping. Shade is
wanted only during the hot weather, but
cleanliness and clean water are needed at
.ill times. Where fowls have free run
they will find shade, but when yarded It
must be provided for them. Tall grow
ing weeds make the best shade, and some
poultry keepers allow golden-rod to grow
in *h** lower end of the yards. This grows
tall and the fwwls do not eat It. while
they prefer Ms shade to thtt of trees or
bushes P urns are on# of th# h#at trees
to plant in the yards and bring in nn
added revenue from th# fruit. When
• here 1# nothing of this kind in the y#rds
put up burlap or canvaa shelters
The water must be kept cool and pure.
Fowls do not fellah warm or filthy water
t*ny more their keepers. The water j
dish should be kept in a shaded spot and
refilled frequently. Meat must be fed
carefully in warm weather arvd nos at till
if spoiled. Skim milk is much relished
and make.-? a splendid food Be careful
of the mixed food* and take palna that
they do not sour. The same grains that
are fed in winter are needed, but less
corn, of course, and it is better to have
i< cracked. Keep the house us open os
possible; *ake out the windows and put
‘n slot doors. Whitewash the house fre
quently, u*e kefosene or liquid lice killer
on the rocsts tmd powder in the nesis,
which should be changed monthly.
Tlie Gont an n Dairy Animal.
The usefulness of the goat in clearing
foul lands and he profitableness of the
animal for its hair, skin and even carcass,
is becoming pretty well understood. But
the goat Is valuable as a dairy animal.
If the cow’s, for instance, are being used
for supplying a city milk trade, the keep
ing of goais for the home milk supply
would be an excellent policy. The goat
will live where a cow would starve; and
while it, like every domestic animal, will
do best on good pasture, it will live and
yield milk on astonishingly little food.
animal and its milk are almost en
tirely exempt from disease; ihe milk is
more nu<ri*ious than that of the cow and
agrees with stomachs that cow's milk
frequently offends. The animal requires
only the cheapest kind of shelter from
the storms and in winter. If by reason
of drought, soiling is necessary, leaves,
vegetable, refuse, peelings of the apple
or potato, bread crusts or stale bread, if
they are sweet and clean, will be all the
feed ihat is needed. All goats, however,
will not ent the same food, and the feed
er will have to study the appetites of
the individual animal. Frequent feeding
and a variety of food in winter will be
found beneficial. Roots, oil mefcl, oats,
corn (of the latter, in the whole state,
the goat is very fond) are proper feed,
especially for the milking goat. Rock
salt is greatly relished. The flavor of
goat’s milk cannot be distinguished from
that of cow’s milk, if it is properly cared
for. From three to four pints a day is
the average yield of a good milker. The
milk is so rich and of, such a character
that in making pastry it will take the
place of eggs—Epitomist.
Cheeking Dlscnne nnd Lice.
We have handled poultry for nearly for
ty years and with two exceptions we
have had no trouble with disease, says a
c rrespo 'd nt of the Farmer s Rev ew.
We have kept on an average fifty hens a
year. One year our flock was deeimatel
by choera. We found a remedy for that
in the us* of copperas dissolved and giv
en in (her drinking water. The second
trouble was with the little r and li'f—before
we were aware the chicken house and
fowl* w'e re full of them, little chicks
dyi g and old ores tco poor to eat. Ener
getic measures helped us out of that
be. Tfeir coops and houses wer. l thor
oughly cleaned and plenty of th'.n. hot
whitewash driven in o every crack of
coors and house wth a Brock? spray
pump, wh'ch every poultry ke°per and
farmer should have.—J. K. Ccmpton.
The Kicking: Cow.
My experience with kicking cows is as
follows: I believe first in kindness, but
in some cases kindnrs? wen t work. This
depends on th l temperament of the cow
or he fer. If possible, handle such so they
will become acquain'ed. If dispose 1 to
kick, try ard find out the cause if pos
sible. Hardle very carefu ly, and if the
cow or heifer kicks get a surcingle cr
stiap and buckle arounl the body Just
forward of tbe bag; buckle tight, handle
kindly but firmly, sit or lean forward,
shoulder rest’ng on si ’e, c oser the bet
ter. Keep cool the first trial until s-he gets
us a d to the milker. It won’t do to get
mad or shout and call names. If she con
tinues to kick, speak fi mly and w'hen
sl’e trl s to kick hit her a smart blow on
t.be side w'th tbe hand only once. I have
breken a goed many cows and heifers in
this manner and as a g neral thing it will
b/> a success. The milker should under
stand how to act, by caution ahd kind
ness w’hen possible.—W. B. White.
The Carman Peach.
J. W. Van Lindley of North Carolina, a
noted and experienced horticulturist, thus
describes the Carman peach in the Rural
"After thoroughly examining the Car
man peach, with other varieties ripening
about the same time, we all of us have
decided that the. Carman is the best peach,
the best shipper, ripening perfectly all
over. When perfectly ripe it leaves the
seed clean. I fruited it this year in the
sand hills of Moore county. North Caro
lina, where the sand is perhaps fifty feet
deep, and also here lh the foothills at my
home place, in red clay land. Here at Po
mona if seems a little earlier than Con
net fs Early, though at Southern Pines
they seem to ripen near together.
"I haven’t fruited the Carman enough
to tell ail about its bearing qualities, but
believe, from the bloom, which is a large,
strong one, that it will hold its fruit when
many other varieties fail; and this is what
Mr. Stubenrauch. the originator, olgims
for it. So lam certain, from what I have
seen this year, thai Carman Is going to be
a leading market peach for that reason.
It ripens here, common seasons, the first
week in July. This season was a very
late one. and all early varieties were at
least ten days later ihan usual.”
it originated in Texas, and is being
largely planted by J. H. Hale in his Geor
Nothing is now more universally accept
ed than that the peach Is an Improved
variety of the almond. The almond has
a thin shell around the stone which splits
and opens and exposes the stone when
mature. This outer skin has simply be
come flesh In the peach, so that Is all that
gives It Its specific character. It seems
now clear from Investigations in the his
tory of ancient Babylon. that In their gar
dens—now nearly 4,000 years ago—the
peach was cultivated as It Is now. It
must have been many years before this
that the peach was Improved upon the al
mond, and this fact goes to show the
great antiquity of the fruit. Possibly gar
dening in some respects, at least so far
as it relates to many of our cultivated
fruits, was as far advanced six, or per
haps eight or ten thousand years back
as It is to-dav. Phoenicians, as Is proved
by the records, had In their gardans al
monds, apricots, bananas, citrons, grapes,
olives, peaches and pomegranates; and
even sugar cane was In extensive cultiva
tion. Certainly this shows how very far
advanced these nations were In garden
culture these many years ago.—Jamaica
Sneeess In n Small IVny,
Every little while we have some
practical demonstration of what a man
with but moderate means can accom
plish If he but have the proper push j
and determinat'd! to go ahead. The fol
lowing Item from the Bt. Andrews Bay
Buoy is ofle more Item along this line: j
"What cun he done In fruit growing !
In a small way on Bt. Andrews bay IS
being practically demonstrated the pres
ent season—and It Is a most* favorable
one—by T R. Brooke, on his small two
und o-half-acre plot about two mllsa east
of flt. Andrews With no team he has,
with spuds and hoe. In his bars hands,
cultivated, marketed and sold nearlv son
qusrts of strawberries, T 5 or 100 waiar
melons and 100 or more pounds of (rapes;
bringing them to market In e smelt hand
cart Besides these, he has had seme at
flne peaches as ona would wish to oeo.
clearly proving that the peach properly
cared far, la at home In the Bt. An
drews bey country Ham pies of these, of ,
the Kiherta variety, which were presented
to *he Buoy, were nearly ei ß ht in . h „
in circumference and delicious tv'
comparison. These with a pa< u ,el° n )
Delaware grapes tickled the editor's ,7. ,1
ate In a manner to be envied of ,
Bond Wn, to Tie ( nvr.
I have kept dairy cows for a period of
twenty-five years, ranging in nunv .-r f., ru
ten to seventeen head, says 3 vvri .
the Farmer s Review. My methed or t v"
ing has been with a rope. I prefer ■
mg a hole through the 2.r4. win h
ports the manger horizontally, passing
end of the rope through and tie to 7 i 7
block, the weight of which is mffi, 7
draw the slack rope down so the cote ,7
not get her feet over it. I use this ni.7
ol in preference to the stanchion. 7. 7
save labor or keep the cow in n’cit,7 r
condition, for I am aware It does nehv-r
one, but because Uis more humane \
cow tied or fastened in a stanchion 7-
roinds me of a. man with his feet 7a.7j
through stocks which were used in ..
times for punishment. A cow ti .)
a rope, if flies are troublesome, will o:7n
use her head for relief. If her h. or
neck is tired by keeping either in on, po _
sition one may often see her resting ihTj
on the side of her body.
Cofr.ina Orange Crop.
Riversiders. who have spent many year*
in the orange business in this cit and
valley all until in saying that the ; oune
crop of fruit now maturing is the most
promising at this season that has ev,r
been noted in the valley, says a Cal.for.
nia paper. Another feature of the coming
crop is that all varieties of fruit promise
to yield well. Usually in a season w7n
the budded varieties bear well the seed
ling crop is short, and vice versa, be t ni s
is not the case this season. The Oing
oranges are large in size and decidedly £ j.
vanced for this early date. It is pre I;■
that Riverside will ship oranges this fan
at a date much earlier than ever le 7
The warm weather of the past two ,-kg
has been just what the fruit wanted t 0
make it grow and develop to Its best. The
nbeence of hot winds has been another
factor that has assisted in the fine devel
opment of the fruit. With no untoward
circumstances to do the young crop dam
age from now on this valley will have a
Hue lot of oranges to ship this winter.
$.. 18 LOf HOPI R Y AND C. X S RT
For Isle of Hope, Monegomery, Thunder
bolt, Cattle Park and West End
Daily except Sundays. Subject to changa
IS LJS QF HOpE
Ev. Cicy for I. of H.| I.v, Isle of Hone
6 30 am from Tenth | buO am for Boitorf
730 am from Tenth | 600 am for Tenth
830 am from Tenth ! 7 00 am for Tenth
9 15 am from Bolton J 8 00 am for Tenth
10 30 am from Tenth flO 00 am for Tenth
12 00 n n from Tenth ill 0j am for Bolton
1 15 pm from Bolton |ll 30 am for Tenth
230 pm from Tenth ] 2 00 pm for Tenth
330 pm from Tenth j 240 pm for Bolton
430 pm from Tenth | 300 pm for Tenth
*0 pm from Tenth 400 pm for Tenth
830 pm from Tenth | CO pm for Tenth
7*o pm from Tenth 700 pm for Tenth
830 pm from Tenth j 8 00 pm for Tenth
930 pm from Tenth j 9 00 pm for Tenth
10 30 pm from Tenth |lO 00 pm for Tenth
Lv city for Mong ry. |~ Lv. Montgomery'
5 30 am from Tenth | 7 15 am for Tenth"
280 pm from Tenth | 1 15 pm for Tenth
630 pm from Tenth | 600 pm for Tenth
Lv city for Cat. Park: Ly C'atTe Park
® 30 am from Bolton j 700 am for Bolton
. 30 am from Bolton j 8 00 am for Bolton
100 pm from Bolton | 1 30 pm for Bolton
230 pm from Bolton | 3 00 pm for Bolton
700 pm from Bolton j 7 30 pm for Bolton
800 pm from Bolton | 8 30 pm for Bolton
Car leaves Bolton street Junction 5:30
a. m. and every thirty minutes thereafter
until 11:30 p. m.
Car leaves Thunderbolt at 6:00 a. m. and
every thirty minutes thereafter until
12:00 midnight, for Bolton street junc
FREIGHT AND PARCEL CAR
This car carries trailer for passengers
on ail trips and leaves west side of city
market for Isle of Hope. Thunderbolt
and all intermediate points at 9:00 a. m..
1:00 p. m., 5:00 p. m.
Leaves Isle of -Hope for Thunderbolt.
City Market and all intermediate points
at 6:00 a. m.. 11:00 a. m., 2:40 p. m.
WEST END CAR.
Car leaves west side of city market for
West End 6:00 a. m. and every 40 minutes
thereafter during the day until 11:30 p. m.
Leaves West End at 6:20 a. m. and ev
ery 40 minutes thereafter during the day
until 12:00 o'clock midnight.
H M LOFTON Gen Mcr.
The Singer Fiano
of Chicago, II!.
This SINGER PIANO Is sold by many
of the leading dealer# In the United
Stales, such as Wm. Steinert Sons Cos..
who have the largest establishments in
Boston. New Haven and Providence. Also
the SINGER PIANO is sold by Wm.
Knabe Cos., having the leading houses in
Boston. Baltimore. Washington and New
York city. There are a large number of
leauitig uluses Handling SINGEK PIANO,
100 numerous to mention.
The SINGER PIANO is evidently one of
the best pianos In the market, or it would
not be sold by these leading houses.
It has an elegant singing tone, much
finer than most pianos, and about one-half
the prlc# of other instrument#.
C#ll and see. and examine the SINGER
PIANO and save a good deal of money on
your purchase. Same guarantee is <“*•
tended for the SINGER PIANO as any of
th# leading piano* of tbe day, and a sat
isfactory price will be given to all on ap
Wholesale Agents. Wholesale Druggist*
Barnard and Congress Streets,
Fruit, Produce, Grain, Etr.
*22 BAY STREET. WM-
J. D. WEED * CO
Leather Belting, Steam Packing & Hose.
Agents for NEW TORE RUBBER
BEETINO AND PACKING COMPAQ*•
Good Goods —Close Prices.
Bend us your orders. Boap. Patent
Medicines, Drugs, Rubber Ooods, Per
fumery, Toilet Powder, Combs. Bruahe*.
DONNELET DRfO CO„
Phone 7t Liberty end PR's eta.