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inffi tori train of thought, from the reported intention
of applications to the ensuing l legislature for charters
for a stew bank in-Savannah, another in Augusta and
one in Darietf. It must, it is true, be left to their wis
dom to discriminate between these applicants, and they
no doubt will keep in view, that there are now three
banks in Savannah, two chartered and one private bank
in Augusta; and on investigation it may turn out, that
the amount of their paper in circulation, is fully ade
quate to all the business which may rationally be ex
pected to flow through those respectable cities; while
the claims of Darien arc founded on another basis and
supported by the immutable principles of right and jus
tice. In the spirit of candor let our disinterested fel
low citizens examine the subject. Ail the produce
made to the. sovhward of the ridge which divides the
northern waters of the Alatamaha from the Ogechee
river, ought, in the nature of things, to find its way
by a water conveyance to the ocean. This section of
country embraces not only a moiety of the state, but
comprises some of the best lands in it, which furnish
the two important staples, cotton and rice. Darien, sit
uated at the foot of the most important of these waters
and accessible to the ocean, is their natural depot. The
important question therefore occurs, whether those
who live in this large tract of country are to be com
pelled by artificial regulations to make Darien only a de pot
or a mart for their future trade? Unless she is granted
the necessary mercantile facilities, w hich other cities in
the. state enjoy, she must remain only a place of depo
sit, and everv planter connected wutb the Alatamaha
and its tributary streams, must not only he burthened
with the expense and risk of transporting his produce
down the rivers, but also the inland navigation to Sa
vannah; fqr to that place it must go to seek a purchaser:
Merchants enjoying the advantages derived from banks
in that city and basking in the sunshine of their favor,
will not be inclined to run the risk of bringing their capi
tal to Darien and lose the interest of it there while un
employed. This mode of doing business w ill be limit
ed and do away competition, and can only be done by a
few houses of large capital, as many of the up-country
sellers of cotton have already experienced, and who to
get rid of the encreased expense, have found it prudent
to sell in Darien at a reduced price rather than to go to
Savannah, where the article w-as selling much higher.
I present the following questions to the consideration
of the just and honorable feelings of the state at large,
with an open avowal that nothing invidious is intended
against either Savannah or Augusta. Whence the jus
tice of compelling the citizens of one ball of the slate
to transport their produce to the extreme verge of the
other half, to find a market? Why are they to be com
pelled to give to one or two cities, with which they are
not connected by local circumstances, those advantages to
which another is entitled? Why shall tine enterprize
and property of one town, designed by nature to be the
mart of the southern and western parts of the state, be
sacrificed to those on the northern part?
A rich and fertile country surrounds Darien; she is
accessible to all the southern counties and is the place
to which they can bring their cotton with the greatest
safety and the least expense—and it now- rests with the
legislature to put her on a footing with Savannah and
Augusta, to enable her merchants to buy the produce
brought to their door, and this can only be done by
giving her an independent bank.
In a note delivered, on the 12th of June last, by the
cabinet of Madrid, to the high allied powers, the king of
Spain pledges himself to follow a lenient policy to re
concile the colonies now in a state of revolution. His
words are these,
“1. A general amnesty for all the insurgents as soon
as they have submitted.
“2. Admission of Americans, endowed with the pro
per qualifications, to all employments, in common with
the European Spaniards.
“3. A commercial regulation of these provinces with
foreign states upon free principles, and conformable
with the present political situation of these countries
and of Europe.
“4. A sincere disposition on the part of his catholic
majesty to promote all the measures which in the course
ofthe negotiations may be proposed to him by the high
allies and shall be compatible with his rights and digni
Supposing the allied sovereigns to guarantee such
terms as Spain may be willing to grant and the colon
ies to accept, by what other measures than that of in
vading her European dominions will they be enabled
to compel her to keep her faith? and is it reasonable
to believe that they w ould raise armies and incur the
expenses of a war, in order to force the Spanish king
to act justly tow ards the South Americans, while they
carelessly view his European subjects degraded by
laws as oppressive as those of Draco and far more un
reasonable? The allies, except England, have no inte
rest in the quarrel; and she must, from commercial as
well as political motives, wish to see the colonies eman
From sad experience, the colonists themselves will
treat ail offers from Ferdinand as stratagems to effect
their destruction. They will say, he will, when lie
finds our forces disorganized and ourselves destitute
of arms, recommence the work of death, executing us
as traitors Jcr having dared to assert our rights and op
pose his will. We cannot rely o.ithc faith of his securi
ties, w-ho are the natural enemies of freedom; but, if we
could, what inducement now remains for submission?
The enjoyment of our property? The wild beasts pos
ses, or the torch has destroyed, it. Our homes? Deso
lation has swept them. Our religion 3 Its altars have
been profaned, and the temples of the God of Peace
converted into charnel houses by a ruthless soldiery.
Are we to look for repose in our families? Where are
they’ The sword has reached them: they but live in
our memories, to urge us to revenge, and, by victor}-,
put a repetition of our wrongs out ol the power of fo
reigners forever. There is nothing left us hut an ig
nominious end, or vengeance and liberty.
Indeed, the injuries which both parties have inflict
ed on each other cannot but have excited feelings of
the most acrimonious kind and given rise to a mutual
distrust of all promises and pactions. Foreign media
tion is nugatory. Hut one alternative remains to the
ting of Spain: either to reduce his Trans-Atlantic pro
vinces by the sword or acknowledge their indepen
dei£NSUlNG SESSION of CONGRESS.
To such of our readers as are desirious of conjectur
ing what prominent subjects may engage the attention
of congress at the ensuing session, the following re
marks, copied from the National Intelligencer, will not
be altogether unacceptible:
“Propositions which have been discussed at farmer
Bessions, and rejected, will in all likelihood be revived.
Among these are the highly important questions re
aper .TXT internal an uniform
v.iii't t rii *’ ‘ ctc>'t*ras of
js.vs*, and | >i < n for the future—anlMSw|fe®d
we trust will not be overlooked, or again kHBm
proposition for indemnify tug, out of our
those who 10-. t their all during the late tin-]
ilcst ruction of their property, in itjJ
having been engaged in the service of the
“We have no doubt, that among the new subjects of
discussion at the present session, \vill be, in one shape or
other, the merits ofthe Dank ofthe United States. It
is not likely tliat xvhat has occupied so much public at
tention, will escape the notice of congress; though it
does not appear probable to us that any thing will be
found requiring l their intervention. Connected with
this question, perhaps some discussion may take place
on the practicability of adjusting the exchange between
sections of the country, by means of a government pa
per. We incline to believe, how ever, that this subject
w ill not present itself to congress, as some seem to have
supposed it might; in the shape of a direct proposition.
“Ihe late laws respecting the collection ofthe re
venue having been in operation long enough to test
their utility, and try the advantages and defects of the
sy stem, it is not improbable some amendments may be
to them. There is a very general impression that the
laws for preventing the importation of slaves require
amendment; and we hope they will receive it if they
“There is every probability that, at the next session,
two of the present territories of the United States,
Missouri and Alabama, will be authorised to form con
stitutions of state government, prepai.*tory to their ad
mission into the union. They are said to have the re
quisite numbers; and sound policy recommends that, as
soon as possible, they shall be allowed to govern them
selves. The territorial governments are always ex
crescences on our sy r stem.
“Os those matters which are connected with the fo
reign policy of the United States, we cannot, without
the necessary’ materials on which to form an opinion,
speak with any certainity. Every thing we hear, how
ever, leads us to hope that the state of our foreign re
lations is generally’ satisfactory , and, where it is least so,
is likely to improve.
“To the message of the president at the opening of
the session however, we must look for information of
the highest interest on this head, and on many others.
That document will probably disclose for example, the
nature and aspect of our commercial negociation with
Great-Britain; the state of our relations with Spain; the
report of our commissioners lately returned from Bue
nos Ay r res, and the views of the executive thereon, Bic.
Much is also to be communicated respecting the pro
gress and termination of the Seminole war; respecting
the progress of the commissioners under the treaty of
Ghent; rt specting the progress of the exploration of
our western territory, and of the establishment of posts
on that frontier; and respecting other prudential mea
sures, which have entered largely into the policy of
the present administration.
“Upon the whole, we expect an animated and useful
session, characterise drather by efficient action than by’
ST. 1 TE LEG l SLA TUL'E.
The first name afkereuch of the counties is senator—
tiie others representatives.
Jta'divin —Fleming Grantluml,* Francis Smith, Tom
Bulloch —Samuel S. Lockhart, John Burnet.
Burke —James Whitehead,* Alexander M. Allen,*
John W hitehead, James Welch.*
Bryan —John Vanbrackle, Thomas H. Harden.
Camdevr— Joseph Thomas,* Hugh Brown, William
Chatham —Alfred Cuthbert, Frederick S. Fell, Moses
Sheftall,* Edward U. Tatnall.*
Clarke — Thomas Mitchell, White Rossetcr, James
M. Burton,* Farter.*
t ohnnbiu —John Foster, William B. Tankcrsly, Wil
m.iil MT.ruder,* Archy Avery .
Effingham —Jesse Scruggs,* Ilermon Elkins.*
Elbert —Wiley Thompson, Beverly Allen, John A.
Heard, James Morrison.*
Franklin —Benjamin Cleveland, James Blair, •
Anderson,* Samuel Shannon.*
Glynn —James Piles, JVilliam Turner.*
* lreene • —Oliver Porter, Thomas J. Moore, Thomas
Stocks, Robert Rea.
Hancock -—Eppes Brown, John Abercrombie, Edward
B. Brooking, Isaac Birdsong.*
Jackson —Hugh Montgomery, James Cochran, James
Liddell,* David Witt.
Jasper —Jarrel Beasley, John Martin,* John Rivers,*
Asa Kagan, John Robertson.
Jefferson —Homer Y. Milton,* William 11. Jackson,
Jones —John S. Zachry,* John Bayne, Abner Wimber
ly, Hardy Herbert,* Thomas White.
Lincoln —Micajah Henley, Thomas M’Murray,* Wil
liam Dowsing, jun.*
Eaurens —l)aid Biackshear, L. C. Pius, (tie between
George Linder* and Hardy Griffin.*)
Liberty —John Stephens,* JohnE. Fraser,* Daniel M.
ALuh.son. —Samuel Groves, Nathan Willeford,* James
ATJntosh —Allen B. Powell, James Spalding,* William
Mm itrf ornery —Nathaniel It. Mitchell, David Chambers.*
.Morgan —William Gill,* Charles Mathews, Hiram
Itou L. Bandy , Nathaniel Allen.*
Oiglethorpe —George Hudspeth, John Townsend, Geo.
R. Gilmore,* Burwell Pope.
Pulaski —Thomas H. Harris, Elisha Farnell,* Samuel
Putnam —William E. Adams,* Henry Branham, Irby
Hudson, Benjamin ‘Williams, E. S. Shorter.*
Richmond- —Valent me Walker, Holland M‘Ty re,* Geo.
Walton, A. Rhodes, sen.*
Sc riven —James Blackmon, Roger M'Kinnay, Thomas
Twigrs —Ezekiel Wimberly, Roger Lawson, Robert
Glenn,* Moses Fort.*
ft i, > ren —Elisha Hurt,* Edwin Baker, Jack S. Daven
port,* John Lewis.*
Washington —Thomas B. Rutherford,* John Moore,
Thomas Pace,* Joab Pinson.*
tkayne —Pliny Sheffield,* James B. Stewart.*
ftilkes —Matthew T'albot, Thomas Wootten, Magers
Henderson,*!'. Wingfield, J. J. Wellborn.* ,
ff ilkinson —John Hatcher, John T. Fairchild, Joseph
Ross,* * New members.
Mr. John Forsyte has openly offered himself a can
didate for the office ol senator from this state.
Savannah river is now so low that boats cannot as
cend nearer than twenty miles to Augusta.
From Connecticut six republicanrepresentativeshave
been elected — Henry W. Edwards, James Stevens,
JoN.vTh.iN O. Moseley, Gideon Tom unbox, John Ross,
and Elisha Phelps. Os them Moseley only is a mem
ber of the present congress. ,
W iilaud 11 all and George Read, republicans, have
been elected in Delaware to represent that state in the
lower house of congress.
The tobacco crop in Tennessee is said to be very
promising, and a greater quantity of land under this
culture than was last year. Good quality tobacco is ex
pec Led to command there five dollars per hundred
, The New-F.ngland papers assert that Spanish dollars
, hear in that quarter a premium of EioH-rper cent. The
l vast quantities of them required for our East-Indian
l trade is assigned as the cause of their high price.
Pfh quafcer and founder
duration, is said to he
with the view of making
horns was completed, at the
Jity, in twenty days. It is
two She is to be command
ed by captain John D. Henley.
The United States’ frigate United States, captain
Crane, arrived at Gibraltar on the 26th of August for
provisions, and was to sail again on the 28th of the same
month, to rejoin our squadron on the Barbary coast.
A German journal says, “it is affirmed that the holy
alliance is ripe for a more intimate union of the Euro
pean powers, and that a kind of republic between the
independent powers will be formed.” The project is
supported by the emperor of Russia.
Markets at Havana, September 30.—Coffee, white,
28 dollars; green, 30. Sugar, white, 12 to 12 dollars
50 cents; brown and muscovado, 9. Flour, 17 to 19
dollars. Beef, 18 to 20. Rice, 9to 9 50. Pitch, sto
5 50. Tar, 375t0 4. Boards, 23 a 24. Scantling, 30.
By Last Night’* Mail.
Six democrats and three federalists have been elect
ed from Maryland to congress.
The number of midshipmen now in the American na
vy are stated at three hundred and sixty-two.
From Gibraltar it is reported, that seventeen thousand
Spanish troops, commanded by general O’Donnell, were
to be embarked from the peninsula for South-America.
We doubt it. *
Flour at Cadiz, on the 30th of August, was selling at
By a vessel arrived at New-York, from the Spanish
main, several patriot vessels are reported as having
made an attack on and bombarded the town of Laguira,
during the whole night, but w ere beaten off with con
General Robert Swartwout is appointed by the pre
sident, to be navy agent at New-York, vice J. Bullus,
Cadwallader D. Colden, esq. the present mayor of the
city of New-York, is spoken of as the new secretary of
Thursday, 17th November inst, is appointed by the
governor of Pennsylvania as a day of thanksgiving and
pray er, throughout that stale.
The governor of the commonwealth of Massachusetts
has issued his proclamation, appointing’ Thursday, the
3d day of December next, to be observed as a day of
thanksgiving and praise in that state.
Prices at Augusta, October 23.—Cotton, per lb. new,
29 a 291 cents; tobacco, 8 a 9; dour, per bl. new , §lO a
12; corn, per bushel, §2.
The sale of public lands here, during the past week,
amounted to more than seven hundred thousand dollars;
a larger sum than the entire sale held at tins place last
year —16 townships have been, and 14 are yet to be sold.
— Georgia Journal, October 27.
We have intelligence from the Florida posts on the
east of the Appalachicola, in the occupancy of our troops,
to tiie sth instant, l'he hostile Indians, amounting, it
was supposed to about 1000 warriors, who had not come
in, were in a state of starvation—many had died of hun
ger. A woman arrived at St. Marks the first of this
month, with intimations from some of the principal out
ly mg Chiefs of a wish to surrender, prov ided their
lives were spared, and tiie little remaining property
they had left, of which the friendly Indians are inclined
! f o rifle them, should be secured. These dispositions
have been humanely’ encouraged by the commanding
j officer of the post; and little doubt is entertained that
there will soon be a final termination of the Scminolean
war, w hich has existed on our borders, and with many
acts of cruelty , for nearly two years past. General
Gaines,has transferred liis head-quarters from Forl-
Hawkins to St. Mary’s.— ib.
John Forsy th, William Terrell, John A. Cutlibert, Jo
el Crawford, Thomas V\ . Cobb and Joel Abbott, have
been elected to represent this state, in the 16th con
gress of the United States. — ib.
COMMODORE PERRY AND CAPTAiN HEATH.
The unfortunate dispute between these tw o gentle
men has been the subject of various comments, and has
excited considerable interest throughout the union.—
Commodore Perry conceiving that an atonement was
necessary for having, in a moment of forgetfulness, rais
ed his hand to an officer holding a commission under tne
government, afforded captain Heath the satisfaction lie
The meeting took place yesterday 1 , on the Jersey
shore, w hen commodore Perry receiv ed the fire of cap
tain Heath, without injury—reserving his lire, and re
fusing, at the same time, to exercise said right; ami cap
tain Heath, satisfied at tins gallant and magnanimous
atonement, the partk'Asepamed—end thus honorably
terminated this unpleasant difference, which, we trust,
will hereafter be buried in oblivion.
We have received several documents relative to this
transaction, from which it appears, that commodore
Perry, has conducted himself in the most honorable
manner in this ass air, and justified the favorable opinion
entertained of his gallantry and good conduct. — New-
York National Advocate, 20th instant.
Extract from the preliminary agreements between com
modore Decatur, on the part of captain Perry, and
lieutenant Desha, on the part of Captain Heath, dated
Philadelphia, 14 th October, 1818.
The parties accordingly met on Monday, the 19th in
stant, at 12 o’clock, on the Jersey shore of the Hudson,
where captain Perry received the fire of captain Heath
without returning itj when Commodore Decatur imme
diately stepped forward and declared, that commodore
Perry had come to the ground with a determination not
to return the tire of captain Heath, in proof of which
he read a letter from commodore Ferry to him, which
he had written, soliciting him to become his friend, and,
therefore, he presumed the party aggrieved was satisfi
ed. Captain Heath having expressed his acquiescence
in tliis opinion, and that the injury he had received
from captain Perry was atoned for, the parties return
ed to the city.
We do hereby 1 certify that the foregoing is a correct
statement. Stephen Decatur.
R. M. Desha.
PHILADELPHIA, October 22.
By the ship Jane, Bancroft, arrived yesterday morn
ing, in 38 day s from Liverpool, the editors of the Free
man’s Journal have received Liverpool papers to the
Mr Bonnin, a passenger, informed us verbally, that
the queen of England hail a relapse of her disorder,
was dangerously l iff, and was not expected to recover.
The Manchester spinners still continued refractory 1 .
A cjecree of the French government had ordered the
enrolment of eighty thousand men from the different
departments, from which forty thousand were to he
detailed for active service, and distributed among the
eighty-six French legions.
The corps of sir James Lucas Yeo
the British naval force on I.akc Champlain
1 up war) v\ as landed at Portsmouth from
rii-an Is, froiii Mi-vana. Sir Ja’iu i
’ O’ .(!,'<
Ilm L’.i eiiui: -••> I*. ‘
excess of the last quarter, over that of the preceding
was upwards of a million and a liMf.
Lord Castlereagh had left England to attend the con- 1
gross at Aix-la-Chapelle. Aft eg its conclusion/ th-
veieigns of Russia, Austria and Prussia intend to
Naples add Rome. llie brother ofthe first, the gradH
duke Michael, had arrived in England from Ireland. HI
Accounts from Ceylon, v ia Madras, had been
at Lloyd’s, and posted up, containing the lame ntable (Bj
formation, that general Brownrigg, commander of
British forces in Ceylon, with the whole of his stajfll
was surrounded in a mud fort in the interior, by
Canilians, and all communication cut off. A detcchW
ment of the 83d regiment had been cut to pieces. His
majesty’s ship Minden had arrived at. Madras from Cey
lon, to take off board troops for bis relief.
Liverpool, September 4.
Bonaparte.—A weekly paper contains the following
paragraph; “We have it from the highest authority,
that it is the declared purpose of the emperor Alexan
der, the moment the congress commences its sitting at
Aix-la-Chapelle, to insist on Bonaparte’s being allowed
to return to Europe, and either to live in England as a
prisoner of war, on his parole; or, should our govern
ment refuse its assent to ;liis proposition,
to insist upon his removal forthwith from the baiT” ,■
rock upon which lie is at present confined.” * 1
Is appears to be now certain, that the congress of A
vereigns will not assemble at Aix-la Chapelle, till tlh
27th of September. September 5.
The following is the business of the week: 9U sea
islands, 39 3d, good and fair, to 3s sd, tine; 6 bags 3s
lid; 10 good fair, stained, 2s; 445 Orleans, middling,
20d; middling fair, a 20$ii —good fair, a id
—very good, 22 a 23d; 130 fair Tennessee, 19 jd; 1/89 ,
boweds, 20d, middling, to 20|d a 20£d, fair—good fair J
20jfd—good 21d, and a few, very fine, 22d; 281 Per- I
nams, 2s lsd, middling—2s 2d, good. J
0 k; i t >’ t 0 fy 0 0 0 0 0 0 OLO m 1
Died, in Savannah, on the 21st ult. Mrs. Euzv C. Ay. J
dehson, wife of Mr. George Anderson. F.ulogy on her ’
is needless: In the hearts of her surviving re laijjons and
acquaintances it is written in characters effaceable only
Died, in Worcestershire, England, the right honora
ble (and celebrated) Warren Hastings, late governor
general of Bengal.
PORT OF DARIEnT”
Schooner Magnet, Gray, 15 day s from
with a full cargo of grocers, dry goods, &c.—to JameA
FL Giekie, consignee, Hall, Cook Ik Cos. H. ll&rfojJH
Thomas Spauldingand WilliamCarnochan. Passe
Mm s. M‘Gregor, Schofield, Scllick, Gardner, Mallard 1
and Gbitch. J
Sch’r Bright Phoebus, Smith, New-York, 13 day s— J
with an assorted cargo—to Baker 8c Welman. I
Sloop Paulina Julia, Field, New-York, todays—witbJ
merchandise—to A. Kimberly. J'asscngerx, Mr. 1!. Snutl*
and family, Messrs. Kimberly, Gennis, Clark, Strong*
Damery, Ferguson, C. Smith, W. Smith, J. Smith, jl
Wolt, E. Fosdick, K. B. Fosdick, Wing, Mercer, Poll
ter, and W-. Demill. I
Sloop Linnet, Bowman, New-York, 13 day s—lumber—l
to Hail, Cooke Si Cos, On the 24th ult. spoke the brigl
Venus, of Rhode-Island bound to Havana, with the lojgp
of both masts. On the 26th the L. made Sapelo bar ana
spoke the Revenue Cutter, captain Jackson in seven
Sloop Independence, Paine, Savannah, 3 days—with
dry goods, navy bread and beef—to Hart 8i Cos.
Sloop Union, Salowitch, Savannah, 7 days —assorted
cargo—to C. Champaigne.
Sloop Return, Shaw, from the islands, with shells.
The sloop Sparrow, Treat, was to sail from New-i
York on the 25th ult. for this port. A
THE parents and guardians of children residing in’
Darien ahd its vicinity are requested to attend a
meeting at the church in this town on THURSDAY
NEXT, at eleven o’clock, for the purpose of taking in.
to consideration the propriety o* engaging a compe-J
tent teacher. As greai inconvenience, nay injury, ban
been experienced by the y outh of this place from waul
of a seminary of education within their reach, it is hqjß
ed and expected that adults interested will gcncfH
Lend. nov 2
A meeting of Society vfl
lY held ‘Fills EV ftljK iseiy at y urn
at Mr. King’s new so Mr. llolzemlorf’i^H
Darien and St. Mary’s Packet. W|
JL *TMIF. fast sailing boat LADY’ WAKI)fl|
n JL will leave Darien every Monday, with thl
riptide, for St. Mary’s, whence she will
ni ~— Wednesday.
The Lady Wardle has a comfortable cabin, and Hj
well known as one of the swiftest boats in this country!
Apply at the Bar of Mr. Win. B. Holzendorf’s Taverfl
nov 2 2 J
rpilE M A ONE'S
(/jji JL captain for the above porS
<v'LrJl\- ()n I sth November. F(jS
hi board, or to
JAMES H GIEKIE fl
Has just received, per schooner Magnet, from Nerw-Yo&m
and offers for sale on moderate terms t MB
PIPES Naples Brandy
Ditto Holland Gin
Barrels country ditto
Ditto Apple Brandy I
Quarter casks Teneriff Wine
Chests hy son and hyson -skin Tea
Cannisters imperial ditto ditto
Bags and tierces Coffee KSmjm
Ditto Pimento and black Pepper
Boxes Chocolate !
Ditto sweet scented Tobacco
Casks Goshen Cheese
Whole and half barrels Shad
Ditto ditto Mackerel
Barrels Mt nbad n Fish
R.c/rels and kms Salmo’
ioa! .o,d luiiij.
’ - 1 ’;.s v. : .
to. 1 , 1